11-14 lbs
United States, United Kingdom
Cairn Terrier
Cairn Papillon, Cairillon Terrier

Carillons are an intelligent, loyal, and playful companion dog. They are people-oriented and form strong bonds with their owner and family members. Their lifespan is average for small breed dogs at 12 to 15 years. They generally weigh between 11 and 14 pounds and grow to be between 9 and 12 inches tall. The breed has the compact torso of a Cairn Terrier and some of the dainty features of a Papillon. The exact date of origin for the breed is unknown, but is thought to be a relatively new hybrid. As a result, it’s form and personality have not fully taken root and this hybrid is not registered in the American Kennel Club roster of purebred dogs.

purpose Purpose
history Date of Origin
Mid 1900s
ancestry Ancestry
Cairn Terrier, Papillon

Carillon Health

Average Size
Male Carillon size stats
Height: 10-12 inches Weight: 11-14 lbs
Female Carillon size stats
Height: 9-10 inches Weight: 11-14 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually Very Healthy
Minor Concerns
  • Eye Problems
  • Joint conditions
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Leukodstrophies
Occasional Tests
  • Blood Analysis
  • Internal Imaging (x-ray, CT scan, MRI, etc.)
  • Orthopedic Exam
  • Ocular Exam
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • DNA Test

Carillon Breed History

The name Carillon is a combination of the two names of its parent breeds: the Cairn Terrier and the Papillon. The Papillon originated around 700 years ago in France. Italian frescoes and paintings from as far back as the 13th century also depicted this petite canine. A popular companion for European royalty and the elite, this breed originally did not have the "butterfly wings" ears that they are known for today. Papillon is French for butterfly, and once the breed migrated from Europe to North America, its popularity increased. The American Kennel Club added this spunky breed to its roster in 1915. The Carillon’s other parent, the Cairn Terrier, hails from Scotland's Isle of Skye and is the result of a long history of dividing the Terrier breed. There is evidence to suggest early versions of the Cairn Terrier existed in the 15th century and were used to hunt foxes, the badgers, and otters. The name is derived from this breed’s ability to chase otters from cairns – stone piles used as landmarks or memorials at that time. In 1873, the breed was divided into Dandie Dinmont and Skye Terriers based on color. The Cairn Terrier was put in the Skye Terrier category. In 1881, Hard-Haired Terriers were identified as a separate breed from the Skye Terriers – again changing the categorization of the Cairn Terrier. Eventually, Hard-Haired Terriers were separated into Scotch, West Highland White and what we know today as the modern Cairn Terrier. Many of the early Cairns Terriers were white, but many color variations have emerged in this breed since the early 1900s. It was recognized by the AKC in 1913. Famously, Toto from the movie The Wizard of Oz was a Cairn Terrier. The product of these two breeds, the Carillon, is suspected to have originated in the early to mid-1900s when both parent breeds were in North America. 

Carillon Breed Appearance

A Carillon is a small or medium-sized dog with the compact body of a Terrier and slender features of the Papillon, including thin legs, daintily arched paws, and tapered muzzle. The breed has large, rounded-tip ears that are of the drop variety. The Carillons’ eyes are round and dark and convey an alert and cheerful expression. Carillons weigh between 11 and 14 pounds and grow to be between 9 and 12 inches tall. They have strong, active bodies with a relatively large rib cage for their size and a medium length tail, often feathered. Carillons’ medium-length coat is straight and thick and varies widely in color. They can be various combinations of black, cream, white, silver, gray, red with the possibility of a brindle pattern and black markings, masks, and points.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Carillon eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Carillon nose
Coat Color Possibilities
brindle Carillon coat
red Carillon coat
gray Carillon coat
silver Carillon coat
white Carillon coat
cream Carillon coat
black Carillon coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Carillon straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Carillon Breed Maintenance

Carillons are not completely hypoallergenic, but produce less allergens due to the hair-like coat that they inherit from their Papillon parent. They have a low tendency to drool and shed and do not require heavy grooming. Carillons do enjoy being brushed regularly, which will help keep their coat stripped of dead hairs. Owners should also consider trimming longer bits of their coat around the eyes, ears, and paws to avoid infections or mobility obstructions. Like all breeds, Carillons must have their teeth brushed daily and their nails clipped one to two times a month to prevent painful overgrowth or nail splitting.

Brushes for Carillon
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Carillon requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Carillon Temperament

Carillons retain many desirable qualities of both its parent breeds and is known as a loyal family companion that craves human attention and affection. They are spunky and playful pets that enjoy romping around indoors with their owners. Carillons inherit protective instincts from their Terrier lineage, as well as its tendency to bark relatively frequently. This means that they can be slightly aggressive towards other dogs and strangers. Also note that Carillons have a high impulse for hunting, so they may chase other small animals when given the chance. As such, introductions to new people and animals should be made carefully and Carillons should be supervised around children. Nonetheless, they are quite friendly with familiar humans and dogs. Because both parent breeds are intelligent, Carillons respond well to obedience training and have a naturally cheerful disposition when they are in a comfortable environment. They are happiest when they are by their owner’s side being active or snuggling.

Carillon Activity Requirements

The Carillon is an agile and active dog that requires moderate consistent exercise. Since they are playful, Carillons are eager chase toys and balls indoors. They also enjoy a moderate walk or trip to the dog park (depending on how friendly they are with other dogs). Carillons are prone to chasing other animals and wandering, so they should always be supervised in off-leash areas. Carillons’ size and energy level make then suitable for all types of environments – urban, rural, suburban – as long as they get enough exercise. Beyond this, they are well suited for all types of climates. However, like all dogs, they should not be over exercised in the heat. Overall, Carillons will be happy and healthy if have a decently active lifestyle alongside their owner.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
9 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
40 minutes
activity minutes

Carillon Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$0.70 - $1.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$30.00 - $40.00
food bag monthly cost

Carillon Owner Experiences

10 Years
2 People
Adopted At Nevada SPCA
4 years, 9 months ago
Munchkin’s Journey
4 Years
1 People
Agility training
I would love to find a female Carillon to continue this breed. I had a litter and everyone is actually impressed with this breed. Due to unforeseen circumstances I only have a male at this time.
2 years, 7 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd