The Eskimo Schnauzer is a hybrid of the American Eskimo and the Schnauzer. The mix is a modern designer dog intended as a companion dog and does not have a long or well known history. As such, owners must look at the history of the breed parents to understand the history of this hybrid. The Schnauzer is further separated into three breeds but mostly vary only in size and some physical traits. The health and personality traits show little variation in the three breeds. The American Eskimo is neither American nor Eskimo and was called the German Spitz, descended from the Northern Spitz. Anti-German sentiment following World War I instigated a name change upon the German Spitz, who affectionately became known as the American Eskimo, or Eskie. It is believed the kennel that most prominently bred the canine, the American Eskimo Kennel, lent its name to the breed. The American Eskimo is a famous entertainer of the last two hundred years and can learn to walk the tightrope, thanks to its high agility, intelligence, and desire to please. The American Kennel Club officially recognized the American Eskimo in 1994. The Schnauzer is believed to have developed in the Middle Ages in Germany and dates to the 15th century where the breed was often depicted in wooden carved artwork of Albrecht Dürer. Originally bred to assist of the farm and hunt vermin, the Schnauzer also provided guard protection for farmers on their way to market. The Schnauzer name is a literal German translation of mustache and the German name, Mittelschnauzer translates as a bearded muzzle. Breeding programs help standardize the coat color of black and salt and pepper for this breed. Today, the Eskimo Schnauzer is not a well-known hybrid, and little documentation exists on the mix. However, the American Eskimo and Miniature Schnauzer parents are well known, well-loved breed. The Dog Registry of America recognizes the Eskimo Schnauzer as a hybrid breed.