Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs

Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

Most common symptoms

Bleeding / Itching / Noisy Breathing / Odor / Shaking / Sneezing

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Rated as moderate conditon

4 Veterinary Answers

Most common symptoms

Bleeding / Itching / Noisy Breathing / Odor / Shaking / Sneezing

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Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

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What are Canine Nasal Mites?

There are many different kinds of mites that live on dogs and other species of animals, including humans. Canine nasal mites are approximately 1-mm long in length, and visible to the naked eye.  These nasal mites live exclusively in the nasal passages and sinus cavities of dogs. Canine nasal mites can be found in all breeds, sexes, and ages of dogs. Dogs acquire these nasal mites through the direct nose to nose transmission and indirect transmission of another dog. The nasal mites are often transported from one dog to another in the larval stage. Canine nasal mites have been reported in dogs worldwide.

Canine nasal mites is a condition where dogs contract a specific type of microscopic mite that lives within their nasal passages and sinus cavities. The mites feed on the keratin layer of the epidermis.

Symptoms of Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs

Depending on the severity and whether or not the respiratory system is affected, any or all of the following symptoms may be present. The greater the infestation of nasal mites, the more severe the symptoms are. It is important to know that sometimes there are no symptoms present.

  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Sneezing and “reverse sneezing” (inwardly, rapidly sniffing the air)
  • Itching of the face
  • Nasal discharge
  • Impaired sense of smell
  • Shaking of the head
  • Labored breathing
  • Noisy breathing during inhalation, sometimes high pitched
  • Coughin
  • Restlessness
  • Small white to light tan specks may be seen in the nostril area

Types

There is only one species of canine nasal mite; Pneumonyssoides Caninum. The stages of the nasal mite include the egg, larva, nymph, and adult stage. All stages of the nasal mite are found in the sinuses and nasal passages of the dog. Although the mites are easily transmitted from dog to dog, they cannot be transmitted to humans.

Causes of Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs

Canine nasal mites are spread through direct nose to nose contact or indirect contact of the mite from one dog to another. These nasal mites are extremely contagious and mobile, moving from host to host in the larval stage of development. Often times the nasal mites are present on the outside of the nostril area making transmission easier. There is some suggestion that the mites may be able to travel via fleas, lice, or flies, although this is just a theory. Environmental factors regarding transmission are unknown, but if your dog is close contact with other dogs, the likelihood of contracting canine nasal mites increases.

Diagnosis of Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs

Canine nasal mites are common. Sometimes symptoms are not present and the diagnosis is made by chance. Your veterinarian may ask questions and examine your dog’s nose with an endoscope (rhinoscopy). The scoping may reveal nasal mites in the nasal passage, the end of the nostrils, or the sinus cavity. A nasal flushing may also be performed. This entails flushing the nasal chambers, moving the mites to the upper part of the throat behind the nose. When that occurs, the nasal fluid will be collected and examined. The presence of mites in the discharge will be looked for.  Scoping in the nasal passage may also be done at that time to see if the mites are present. Nasal mites may also be found in discharge the dog may sneeze out in the examination room. Imaging such as dental x-rays, nasal and sinus x-rays or CT scans may be used to look for the presence of mites. Urine tests, bloodwork, and nasal biopsies may also be performed.

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Treatment of Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs

There is no single, specific treatment that is recommended for canine nasal mites. The treatments that are used are usually effective but may not completely eliminate symptoms, especially if no mites are detected but symptoms suggest that nasal mites are present.

Selamectin

This is a topical parasiticide (substance used to kill parasites) and antihelminthic (antiparasitic drug) used on dogs to treat and prevent heartworm, flea, ear mites, mange, and certain types of ticks. This treatment is an effective way to eliminate and prevent canine nasal mites.

Ivermectrin

Ivermectrin is a drug that is effective against canine nasal mites. Oral or injectable Ivermectrin is often used to treat the nasal mite infection. Because it was developed for the treatment and prevention of internal parasites, make sure to follow the exact directions of your veterinarian.

Recovery of Canine Nasal Mites in Dogs

Recovery from nasal mites will involve applying the prescribed topical or oral medications that your veterinarian may recommend. It is very important to follow the exact instructions of your veterinarian in order to eliminate the nasal mites and prevent them from occurring again. Keeping your dog away from stray or infected dogs is the best way to prevent infestation or re-infestation of canine nasal mites.

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Canine Nasal Mites Average Cost

From 576 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$300

Canine Nasal Mites Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Ivy

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English Bulldog

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16 Weeks

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Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

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Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Loud Breathing
Sneezing
Coughing
Yellow/White Nasal Discharge

I have taken my dog in and he keeps putting her on antibiotics . I know repeated use of antibiotics is a problem but I am not sure if it is a bacterial infection causing her nasal discharge. Could this be nasal mites or allergies? Especially since bulldogs have such a narrow airway and elongated soft palate.

April 30, 2018

Ivy's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

If the nasal discharge doesn’t stop, you should consider having a culture and sensitivity test done to identify any possible infection as well as the antibiotic it is most susceptible to; without examining Ivy I cannot say what the specific cause of the discharge is but you should consider the culture and sensitivity test to determine whether bacterial infection is the cause or not. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

April 30, 2018

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joey

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Australian Shepherd (Standard, Toy or Miniature)

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3 Years

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Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

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Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Sneezing

My dog has started sneezing after being boarded. If my dog has nasal mites, will it take longer than 2 weeks to cure? Will he be allowed to be boarded as we have a trip coming up?

Dec. 5, 2017

joey's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

A dog may sneeze for a variety of reasons including parasites, infections, foreign objects, allergies, chemical irritation, tumours among other causes; you should speak with your Veterinarian about the sneezing to determine the underlying cause. There is no perfect treatment for nasal mites and the options available may not be curative; ivermectin, selamectin and milbemycin have all been used to treat nasal mites with varying results. Speak with your Veterinarian as soon as possible. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.msdvetmanual.com/respiratory-system/respiratory-diseases-of-small-animals/canine-nasal-mites

Dec. 5, 2017

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Isabel Taylor

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Chihuahua

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8 years

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Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

i think my Chihuahua who is 8 years old and weighs 3 lbs 2 oz may have canine nasal mites . she is doing the reverse sneezing and rubbing her face and nose she is real congested and had had a white drainage coming from nose she sneezed a lot and one time something tan and something white came out what can you so for it? I have taking her to vet twice and her put her on decongestant medicine. but not getting better

Nov. 2, 2017

Isabel Taylor's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

Without examining Isabel I cannot advise any specific prescription treatment; the congestion and discharge may be attributable to infections, allergies, parasites, foreign bodies, dental disorders among other causes. If your Veterinarian keep giving a decongestant, it may be worth checking with another Veterinarian in your area to see their take on the symptoms. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Nov. 2, 2017

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Frankie

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Beagle Chihuahua mix

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1.5 years

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Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

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Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Reverse Sneezing,
Reverse Sneezing, Discharge Is Gone
Reverse Sneezing, Mucusy Discharge

A couple weeks ago I adopted my dog from the shelter. She has multiple fits of reserve sneezing daily, and even in the middle of the night she will be awoken by a fit. She used to have mucus like discharge, but that has cleared up so I haven't taken her to get checked out. She sneezes a lot as well. I'm not sure if I should be worried or not. I want to say she just has allergies? I did see her have a reverse sneezing fit when visiting her in the shelter, so it's been happening since I got her. I was thinking about giving her half a benadryl to see if that cleared up her symptoms but not sure what to do exactly.

Oct. 16, 2017

Frankie's Owner


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3320 Recommendations

Reverse sneezing may be caused by a few different causes which may include infections, mucus, allergies, foreign objects, tumours, dental disorders among other causes; I cannot say for sure what the cause is without examining Frankie. A visit to your Veterinarian may be required if there is no improvement with the sneezing; you could try giving Benadryl at a dose of 1mg/lb up to three times per day to see if there is any improvement, also keeping her in the bathroom whilst you take a warm shower may help loosen any mucus that may be in the nose. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Oct. 16, 2017

Hello, I have a Cheagle (chihuahua/beagle) as well! I have had Nelson 3 years, he's 5. Nelson has the same exact symptomps as Frankie. Reverse sneezing, waking in middle of sleep reverse sneezing, actual sneezing & mucous releasing. He is not lethargic, has a wonderful big appetite, enjoys our daily walks... So, he doesn't seem sick. I have noticed the sneezing with mucous only occurs after he wakes from resting. Mucous dislodges fromright nostil only, sometimes have to take a tissue to clean him up, noticed only one side has thick ranges in color mucous. I was pondering if mold in the home could cause the issue? Yet, he would prob have more symptoms as if allergies I would presume.. Has Frankie's issue been resolved? If so, what was her diagnosis? Thank you! -Dee.

Jan. 28, 2018

Dee R.

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Rosco- jackchi and axel

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Jack Russell Terrier

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2 Years

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Mild condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Wheezing, Coughing And Sneezing

Hey so I have 3 dogs total about 3 days ago by jackchi (Jack Russell/Chihuahua) started wheezing really bad I thought it may have been dust so I cleaned out his bed and washed everything and then it seemed to get better and know it’s back along with my German Shepard who is doing the same thing they cough every know and then but other than that no signs but my other dog is doing fine

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Wally

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Basset Hound

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17 Months

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Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

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Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Reverse Sneezing, Green Discharge

We have a Basset hound who is almost 1.5 years old. He started reverse sneezing in July 2019 and then started having a green nasal discharge. Over the next few months, our vet had him on Clavamox, Zeniquin and 1 other antibiotic, we then had a CT scan and a biopsy done. No signs of blockage or cancer and nothing on the biopsy. We took him to a vet teaching hospital and they put him on Revolution and tested for aspergillis which came back negative. He and his sister Basset have had 3 months of Revolution and his discharge is just as bad as it was months ago. Our dogs are our children, and this has me at my wits end! Are we missing something? I've read that most cases are cleared in 6-8 weeks.

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Rebel

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black mouth cur

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3 Months

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Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Sneezing
Coughing
Reverse Sneezing

I just adopted a 3 month old black mouth cur puppy and she is doing a lot of reverse sneezing and and coughing. Most of the time when she coughs nothing comes up but she has no mucus. She has a very big appetite and doesn't seem sick. She also just got spayed Tuesday but I don't think that has anything to do with it.

Canine Nasal Mites Average Cost

From 576 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$300

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