Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

Most common symptoms

Anemia / Bleeding / Lethargy / Loss of Balance / Shallow Rapid Breathing / Weakness

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Rated as serious conditon

11 Veterinary Answers

Most common symptoms

Anemia / Bleeding / Lethargy / Loss of Balance / Shallow Rapid Breathing / Weakness

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Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

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What is Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia?

Platelets cannot be replenished quickly enough by the body. It can be difficult to diagnose and many veterinarians will refer you to a specialist in order to properly diagnose and treat immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The American Cocker Spaniel, Standard Poodle, Miniature Poodle, Toy Poodle, Old English Sheepdog, German Shepherd Dog and Labrador Retriever are predisposed to immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. Middle aged dogs are more likely to be diagnosed with immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.

Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia in dogs attacks the dog’s own blood platelets and is a very serious disease. Antibodies will bind to the surface of platelets causing the affected platelets to prematurely destruct.

Symptoms of Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is a serious condition and if you see any of these symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately for a thorough physical exam and testing. 

  • Abnormally rapid breathing
  • Weakness
  • Lethargy
  • Bruising
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Tarry stools
  • Pale gums
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Anorexia or lack of appetite
  • Sudden death

Types

Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia in dogs can be classified in two categories.

Primary Immune-mediated Thrombocytopenia

Also known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, primary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disorder where the antibodies attack portions of the platelet membrane. There is no underlying disease causing the immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. 

Secondary Immune-mediated Thrombocytopenia

The antibodies are being bonded to antigens and then absorbed into the platelet surface. Secondary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is the result of an underlying disease.

Causes of Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

There are numerous causes of immune-mediated thrombocytopenia and your veterinarian will try to determine the exact cause to ensure that the treatment plan put in place will address the cause.

Vaccines

Although rare, there have been some cases where dogs have developed immune-mediated thrombocytopenia after receiving a vaccine.

Neoplasia

Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is very commonly associated with hematopoietic and solid neoplasms. This includes mammary adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, fibrosarcoma, nasal adenocarcinoma and mast cell tumors. 

Infections

Bacterial, viral, parasitic or protozoal infections within the body can cause destruction of blood platelets. The destruction of these platelets can cause immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.

Autoimmune Diseases

Other autoimmune diseases in dogs can trigger immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. Systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia are some of the more common autoimmune diseases that can cause immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.

Drug Therapies

It has been found that any drug can cause immune-mediated thrombocytopenia but there are certain drugs that have a higher incidence of causing it. These drugs include cefazedone, auranofin and trimethoprim-sulfonamide combinations.

Diagnosis of Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

Diagnosing immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is a process of elimination and determining the cause of the symptoms. Your veterinarian may refer you to a specialist for a definitive diagnosis and specialized treatment plan.

Clinical Symptoms

Your veterinarian will evaluate your dog’s symptoms and try to rule out other diseases. Most of the time, a dog is presented to them with signs other than severe bleeding, therefore, trying to determine the cause of the symptoms can be frustrating.

Physical Exam and Medical History

Your veterinarian will do a thorough physical examination of your dog. An evaluation of your dog’s medical history will help determine if there are any recent changes such as new medications or vaccinations. Try to give your veterinarian as much information as possible, including daily routines, recent traveling and changes in activities. 

Diagnostic Testing

A CBC, or complete blood count, will be ordered to determine the amount of blood platelets being produced by the body. Other tests that may be performed include a blood smear, serum chemistry profile, heartworm antigen testing, and coagulation profile. Blood samples will be collected by atraumatic venipuncture to prevent the activation of clotting factors or minimize platelet clumping. Confirmation based on a CBC test and blood smear examination can be done if the immune-mediated thrombocytopenia has progressed to the point of rapid platelet depletion. 

Urinalysis

A urinalysis is conducted to rule out fungal disorders or rickettsial. Urine must be collected by free catch.

Imaging

To determine if the underlying cause is a neoplasia a thoracic and abdominal radiograph and an abdominal ultrasonography will be ordered. 

Bone marrow aspiration

Bone marrow aspiration is only needed if concurrent leukopenia, with or without anemia, is not present. If performed, it may show an underlying cause that is not apparent through a clinical examination.

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Treatment of Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

Your veterinarian will create an individualized treatment plan for your dog. These treatment plans are often aggressive and require continual care, therefore, hospitalization is usually required.

Immunosuppressive drugs such as steroids, cyclosporine and azathioprine have been effective in treatments. Immunosuppressive drugs will help control your dog’s immune system response to the depletion of blood platelets.

Supportive care may be necessary depending on how ill your dog has become. Oxygen support and IV fluids will be given. Blood transfusions may be required if your dog has become anemic.

In the case of secondary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, the underlying cause must be treated as well as the thrombocytopenia. Your dog may need to remain on supportive care while the underlying cause is being addressed.

Recovery of Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

Immunosuppressive drugs may need to be continued for several months. Your dog can be weaned from the medications upon conclusion of the entire treatment plan. Drug therapy may be required for the rest of your dog’s life to ensure that your dog’s blood platelets are not decreasing. Most dogs, when treated aggressively and diagnosed in time, can live normally following treatments. 

Any vaccines or medications that were found to be the cause of immune-mediated thrombocytopenia in your dog should be avoided for the rest of his life. All immune system stimulants, such as vaccinations, should be avoided also.

Be sure to listen carefully to your veterinarian and follow all treatments set for your dog to ensure recovery from immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. All medications should always be used as prescribed and any concerns should be directed to your veterinarian.

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Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia Average Cost

From 250 quotes ranging from $2,000 - $15,000

Average Cost

$7,500

Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

dog-name-icon

Oso

dog-breed-icon

Chihuahua

dog-age-icon

3 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious condition

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Lethargy
Severe Lethargy
Low Wbc, Low Platelets, Normal Rbc,

tldr: What's up with the normal RBC, low WBC, low platelets??? Dog is in the hospital being treated, but vets are stumped. Oso was totally active and (seemingly) healthy a couple days ago. Started being a bit lethargic late Friday, pretty down on Saturday, so I took him to a vet on Sunday (not ours but one that was open on a Sunday - he was way too sick to wait until Monday). 105 fever at the vet and they ran a rapid blood test, which showed normal RBC, low WBC and low platelets. That vet suspected their machine was clumping because of the low platelets, and said they'd rerun it. But based on how sick he was, she recommended taking him to the emergency hospital to get him going on fluids and whatever else (we have a fabulous 24-hr. facility here). At the hospital, they reran the test; also did an x-ray and urinalysis. The WBC and platelets came back low again. Nothing on the x-ray or in the urinalysis. The vet last night diagnosed him with IMT and they started a steroid, an antibiotic and fluids. His fever came down as we waited to be admitted. Overnight, not much improvement in terms of his lethargy and overall state (mind you the ONLY things they can show as being wrong are the WBC and platelets; he has no fever, no pain, virtually no other symptoms besides being severely lethargic, almost to the point that he looks drugged). At 4 p.m. today, they will rerun labs to see where platelets are at to see if the steroid has made a difference. If it has, we continue on with this treatment. If it hasn't, they are recommending an ultrasound on his abdomen and sending the CBC out again to another pathologist. The vet even suggested they may consult with an internal specialist. All of the vets at the hospital are stumped, mainly because of the strange combination of low platelets and low WBC. His RBC is normal and is showing no signs of bleeding or anemia. The last vet I spoke with cannot give me answers and started to describe this "path" we would go on to find out what's wrong... cancer, lukemia (she said was rare in dogs), etc. He was tested for tick and worm-borne things. I cannot think of anything he would have gotten into in terms of poisons or plants (other than what's been in our yard for the past 3 years). I'm sad, of course; he's totally limp. I just spent an hour in the hospital crying room (that's what I named it) holding him and weeping. So sad and frustrating because we just don't know. How does one decide where the "path" ends? Is it financial? It could be when our tab gets to a certain point. If he's dying, I just wish I knew that so we could help him one way or the other. Of course, I want to know how to solve this, but the poor dog. How can you lose your dog so quickly?

Aug. 20, 2018

Oso's Owner


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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

I think it is worth seeing if the steroids helped Oso when they recheck his labwork. You have ruled out a number of diseases, and IMT is not an uncommon disease. He may respond to medications. If not, then yes, the path to finding out what is going on does get harder, and more expensive, and decisions sometimes need to be made. It sounds like you have a great veterinarian paying attention to all of the details, and I think waiting to see what the recheck lab results show is the next best step. I hope that all goes well for him.

Aug. 21, 2018

How is Oso doing. My dog was diagnosed five days ago and it is looking pretty dire. I am trying to not lose hope. Very similar situation to what you are describing. Did Oso recover and how did he progress further. I am devastated, my dog is 3.5 year old.

Sept. 9, 2018

Roxanne M.


How is Oso? My dog is going through the same thing and we are devastated. He is on prednisone and another immunosuppressant but does not seem to be improving. My dog is only 3.5 years old. How did this progress for you sweet boy. What an evil disease.

Sept. 9, 2018

Roxanne M.


Afternoon results were bad. Platelets are lower and RBC is now starting to drop. They suspect bleeding and will do an X-ray. I’m gutted.

Aug. 21, 2018

Oso's Owner

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Toby

dog-breed-icon

Boxer

dog-age-icon

4 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Panting
Thirsty

My 4 year old boxer/lab was diagnosed with IMT in April 2018. He responded well to the prednisone treatment and we have almost weaned him off. However, my local vet says the only next course of action is to put him on cyclosporine (atopica) twice a day. I've been doing some research and have found that cyclosporine isn't the only route and may not be used as often as other immunosuppressants in long term treatment of IMT. I'm concerned about what long-term consequences of this drug may have on him, and if other treatments may be better. Can you provide information on what the most common long-term treatments for IMT are. As well as what factors are taken into consideration when determining which is best to use?

July 30, 2018

Toby's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

Treatment for immune mediated thrombocytopenia is down to your Veterinarian’s discretion; prednisone is the most common treatment given which may be combined with other medications like azathioprine. Cyclosporine (among others) is normally considered when patients have adverse reactions or side effects to prednisone other other treatments. You need to remember that treatment for condition like immune mediated thrombocytopenia isn’t always straightforward and your Veterinarian may need to change and adjust treatment based on Toby’s response (platelet count). Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM http://veterinarycalendar.dvm360.com/diagnosis-and-treatment-immune-mediated-thrombocytopenia-proceedings?pageID=2

July 31, 2018

dog-name-icon

Payton

dog-breed-icon

Maltipoo

dog-age-icon

8 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Bleeding From Nose
Bleeding From Nose Labored Breathin

My Payton was diagnosed with imt a week ago. She had rapid congested sounding breathing’s and started bleeding from the nose. She stayed a night in the vet and they started her on prednisone ,atopica, doxycycline,famatodine. Hervolatelets were up from 15000 and she cake home but now is just laying around. She is not eating much and out of it a little bit. Should she have more energy ? She has a CBC done again in a few days

July 9, 2018

Payton's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

There are various reasons why Payton may be a little groggy, side effects of medication and the whole process she’s been through may be contributing to the symptoms. You should keep an eye on her for the time being and monitor for improvement; if you have any concerns you should check in with your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

July 9, 2018

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Jasper

dog-breed-icon

Cocker Spaniel

dog-age-icon

6 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Shaking
Loss Of Appetite
Bloody Urine
Bleeding From The Mouth

My 6 year old dog Jasper is being treated for IMT. He has not been fully diagnosed. He has been acting weird such as shaking and not having his usual appetite. This morning we noticed he had blood on him and later realized he was peeing what looked like complete blood and bleeding from the mouth. We got a trip to the vet and at first they thought it was rat poison (got tested but will not have the results for 24 hours) and then saw his platelets were at 0. They prescribed Prednisone, Vitamin K in case of poisoning and an antibiotic in case of tick related issue. He has never had these issues before. I am just concerned with his platelets being at 0, and that IMT is such a complex thing and my vet sent us home with him and promised to call the next day with results. I don't know if he needs to be in an emergency hospital for treatment. I have read a lot of dogs need to be in the hospital for treatment and that was not even mentioned by the vet. I just need some advice. What do we do, I really do not want to lose him. Should we take him to an emergency vet just in case? Wait for the vet to call the next day? They said he would continue bleeding for about 12 hours and it's been about 11 hours and he is still bleeding. He is having accidents in his sleep where he wakes up and there is blood underneath him. He keeps trying to pee but is just releasing blood. I am so lost at this point.

May 23, 2018

Jasper's Owner


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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

Jasper sounds like he may be better off in an emergency facility being treated for his condition, as he may need a blood transfusion. I' not sure what the rest of his lab work showed, but with that degree of bleeding, further diagnostics might be needed, or more intensive treatments. I hope that he is okay.

May 23, 2018

Thank you.. This morning he was doing well and seemed to be turning around almost but then this afternoon he started going downhill and was hiding. We took him back to the vet where there was nothing else we could do so we chose to euthanize him to stop the suffering.

May 24, 2018

Jasper's Owner

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Fozzie Bear

dog-breed-icon

Aussie

dog-age-icon

4 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical condition

Has Symptoms

Lethargy
Bloody Diareha

Hi, My four-year-old Aussie mix had a pretty aggressive bout with IMT about a year ago; she spent a week in the ER, two blood transfusions, chemotherapy, and a couple months of ulcer meds and prednisone. My question is about flea and tick and heartworm meds. Should we look out for anything with her? I know the vet said she will likely never receive vaccines again, but I do not want to trigger another critical IMT episode. It was $5000 last time and my husband will not want to dig that deep again to treat her.

March 28, 2018

Fozzie Bear's Owner

answer-icon

recommendation-ribbon

3320 Recommendations

Vaccines cause an immune system reaction whereas topical flea products don’t; but you should discuss anything with your Veterinarian before you think about doing anything, a simple phone call to the office is sufficient. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

March 28, 2018

dog-name-icon

Zombie

dog-breed-icon

Australian Shepherd

dog-age-icon

7 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical condition

Has Symptoms

"Bruising On Belly, Bleeding Eyes

My mini Aussie was diagnosed with primary immune mediated thrombocytopenia in late March. I initially saw splotches on his belly but thought it was a rash or other skin irritation. I kept an eye on it for 3 days until one morning I noticed his eyes were filled with blood. The whites of his eyes were fine, but his pupils where his eye color normally is, was now blood filled. I took him into the vet immediately and was told he needed to go to emergency care right away, so I drove him to a vet hospital where he was quickly diagnosed with IMT. He spent a total of 7 days at the hospital, had a shot of vincristine to boost his platelets and needed 2 blood transfusions. It was an emotional roller coaster of the doctors being very optimistic, to being cautiously optimistic when he wasn't responding quickly to the treatments. Thankfully by the 5th day his platelets finally started to increase until day 7 when he was discharged from the hospital with a platelet count of 150,000. A few days after his discharge we had his first blood test and his platelets were in the high 300,000's We are now doing 2x weekly blood tests which have shown a consistent platelet level being in the 450,000's and his RBC% being out of anemic range. He is currently on 15mg of prednisone 1x daily, Mycophenolate 1.8ml 2x daily, 3mg melatonin 2x daily, omeprazole 20mg 2x daily, prednisolone eye drops every other day, along with supplementing milk thistle and phoytoplankton to help his immune system. My vet hopes to completely wean him off prednisone since it has harsh side effects for longterm use, but thinks he may need to stay on the Mycophenolate lifelong.

dog-name-icon

Milo

dog-breed-icon

English Springer Spaniel

dog-age-icon

11 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious condition

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Bleeding
Bruising
Bacterial Infection

My 11 y/o Springer Spaniel, Milo, was finally diagnosed with IMT this morning after 8 months of continuous bacterial infections. Jan/19: the first symptom we noticed was sneezing + hair loss around the nose - Vet prescribed an anti-fungal + steroid. A week into the medicine, urine appeared in blood + zero appetite + fever of 106 developed. Vet found super enlarged prostate (Milo is intact) and thick bladder wall and he tested off the charts for bacterial infection. Hospitalized overnight on IV antibiotics and liquids. No change for 24+ hours. Took him home to be comfortable and miraculously started eating and temp came down. Started aggressive round of antibiotics. After completing, labs came back clear. Then, April/19: significant hair loss + crusting around nose/mouth + inflamed nostrils; referred to canine dermatologist who diagnosed with bacterial infection of nasal cavity. Prescribed another round of antibiotics. June/19: Blood in urine + bruising on abdomen. Vet diagnosed with UTI and chalked bruising up to his recent grooming. Prescribed another round of antibiotics. While on antibiotics, experienced nose bleed. Vet did full blood work and reported that results were seemingly normal and didn't see a clotting issue. August/19: Began bleeding from gums with rapid progression over 12 hours. Vet (same practice, different Dr.) initially diagnosed with bacterial infection and wanted to do blood work up just in case. When I informed him that we had just done it a month earlier, he reviewed past results and was alarmed at the shockingly low platelet count. After hearing fully history, immediately zeroed in on IMT. Ran the blood tests again and gave initial injection of immuno-suppressive steroid while waiting on results. Confirmed next that it was indeed IMT and has now prescribed Prednisone. It's been a frustrating 8 months of "band aid fixes" when I always suspected there was a bigger underlying issue. Glad to potentially have an answer for our sweet pup. But still concerned about the cause of the IMT, if one exists. Could it have been the initial bacterial infection in the prostate? Or could IMT have already existed and caused the infection? And are any of these symptoms indicative of a bigger, underlying issue (cancer, etc)?

dog-name-icon

Ivy

dog-breed-icon

chihuahua mix

dog-age-icon

4 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

thumbs-up-icon

-1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Low Platelets
Bruising

Our dog was diagnosed with IMT about 2 years ago when she was 2, we noticed she had what looked like bruises all over her stomach, took her to the vet and after ruling out other causes of her extremely low platelet count they diagnosed her. She responded well to the steroids and was fine, 2 years later we noticed bruising on her stomach again, took her in, platelets were extremely low again. This time besides the steroids, which she is almost weaned off of, she will be taking Azathioprine every other day for the rest of her life. The vet doesn't want her to receive any more vaccinations for the rest of her life, and I'm fine with that other than her not receiving a rabies vaccine. I'm very uncomfortable with that. She was actually due for her rabies and I went against the vet's recommendation and had them give it to her. Being she is still on a very low dose of steroids, and taking the Azathioprine, I'm hoping she will not relapse. Does anyone have any experience with the rabies vaccine causing an imt relapse? I hope I didn't make the wrong decision, she will be due for another cbc in a few weeks, and I will be checking her daily for any bruising. Also when she was first diagnosed she had taken a new heartworm preventative about a week before. She has been taking that same heartworm preventative since, the vet seems to believe the heartworm preventative would not cause imt, I'm wondering if maybe it did, and if I should discontinue giving her that.

dog-name-icon

Charlie

dog-breed-icon

Pug

dog-age-icon

7 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical condition

thumbs-up-icon

0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical condition

Has Symptoms

Bleeding Eyes, Bleeding Gums,
Bleeding Eyes Gums Bloody Feces

My pug that was 7 years old all of sudden went from being normal to making the dreadful decision of euthanasia. He started with mucus in his eye that looked like blood then his mouth started bleeding a week after. He lost his appetite and was very lethargic and totally not himself. He saw 2 different vets about 3 days apart. The second vet did a next day emergent teeth cleaning. His teeth bleeding still did not stop and his gums got really pale. Within 3 days he never improved. Both did blood work up and said he looked normal. His last 12 hours he vomited what looked like bile and then pooped black tar looking feces. An hour after that he was just going straight blood as his poop. We rushed to the Animal ER they drew labs again to see if it was rat poisoning and check his clotting. He had very low platelets compared to his first lab results which were 6 days apart. They recommended a blood transfusion and staying in the ER for possible a week. He was diagnosed with possible autoimmune disease and a 50/50 chance of recovery. We had to make the hardest decision of having to euthanize him instead of seeing him suffer and not being able to pay so much money. After reading all this information and people commenting his symptoms sounded more like thrombocytopenia. We are so heartbroken and miss him dearly.

dog-name-icon

Looie 70 lbs.

dog-breed-icon

Standard Poodle

dog-age-icon

4 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious condition

thumbs-up-icon

-1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Low Platlete Count, Growth On Toes

There is hope for these dogs. Looie is our 4th standard poodle, each black, and from the same breeder and this is our first experience with such a difficult disease. Looie also developed cancer and has had one digit amputated and the nail beds of two more toes removed. He was diagnosed 18 months ago and we suspect his problem was triggered by vaccinations. It has been a long, complicated and expensive road for this animal. We have had the help of great vets at the Guelph Veterinary University. Our own vet has worked tirelessly to find solutions, on occasions, not charging for her time. Prednisone was initially prescribed and had a horrible effect. The dog could not get up, was not eating, and could not climb even a couple of stairs. Because the cancer had surfaced on different feet, the surgeries could only be done after the previous toe healed. Due to the autoimmune disease, healing took a long time and there was a fear that this rapidly progressing cancer would spread or result in major amputations. We have unsuccessfully tried to wean him off drugs. Long story, short, we are now giving him only Atopica and Pentoxifylline and occasionally antibacterials. He is back to his old self, lots of energy and the amputations, impossible to detect. He will be on drugs the rest of his life. He is a great animal, a favourite at the vets. We love him dearly and he is worth all the anxiety and expense.

Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia Average Cost

From 250 quotes ranging from $2,000 - $15,000

Average Cost

$7,500

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