If you pay attention to your little dog, he tries his best to keep his coat neat and tidy. He works hard with tongue and claws to keep himself groomed, but this only goes so far. Even though he's small, he needs a hand--when his best efforts come to an end is where yours get started. Your pup's tongue may be great at spreading his natural oils through his coat, but it's not the best tool to remove tangles, mats, burrs, and parasites. This is where you, along with a bucket full of combs, brushes, and shears come in.
Your dog's main concern is keeping his coat clean and the oils spread through it. As far as he is concerned, doing this is all that grooming involves. Chances are, he really doesn't care how he looks nearly as much as you do. Brushing his coat regularly will keep it free of mats, dirt, debris, fleas, and other parasites. It's also a great time to bond with him.
Not only is brushing your small dog's coat your job, it is a great way for the two of you to spend time bonding with each other. This is a great time to check him over for fleas, ticks, parasites, dirt, and debris. Long-haired dogs should be brushed daily, but no less than once a week. Shorter haired dogs should still be brushed weekly for optimum coat health.