Jump to section
There are a variety of cysts that can impact your horse’s health. Epidermoid cysts are cysts that can impact his skin and are cylindrical in shape. You may be able to feel and notice the cysts or cysts along your horse’s back, head, or other areas. These cysts may cause pain and discomfort to your horse or may go unnoticed.
Cysts can mimic the many other skin conditions that develop, such as abscesses. Two other types of cysts are cutaneous and dermoid. Dermoid cysts have hair in them versus an epidermoid cyst which does not. Cutaneous cysts tend to have a spot where they come to a head and the discharge in them tends to be like cheese in their texture. These cysts do not tend to cause pain unless they rupture.
A cyst is a pocket of tissue that is shaped like a sac or cylinder and filled with tissue, fluid or air. Cysts of the epidermis in horses are cysts of the top layer of your horse’s skin. These are relatively uncommon in horses. These cysts are typically not life threatening; however, depending on their location, if left untreated can cause ongoing issues.
The symptoms of an epidermoid cyst vary depending on the location of the cyst.
Epidermoid cysts are thought to be congenital and benign in horses.
There are a few possible causes of epidermoid cysts in horses, such as a congenitalcause or the result of a traumatic event to the area.
Diagnosis of epidermoid cysts will need to be done by a veterinarian if you suspect your horse may have them. A physical examination, involving palpation of the areas that may be bothering your horse, will be necessary to feel for any obvious cysts, lumps, or bumps. Once this assessment is complete, your veterinarian may check for a fever as one may be present if your horse has cysts.
Imaging may be necessary to determine the type of cysts your horse is dealing with and these are done while your horse is under general anesthesia. The imaging tools used are MRI, ultrasound and X-ray, all utilized for viewing and evaluating the condition. These tests will be used for differential diagnosis of the cyst and to determine any other damage or side effects resulting from it.
If your horse is diagnosed with epidermoid cysts, treatment options will be be surgical or topical. Your veterinarian may want to start with topical treatment such as creams to reduce the cyst, inflammation, and pain. However, if this treatment option does not work, surgery may be the next option.
Surgery will be used to excise the cysts and remove them if they are causing pain or discomfort, or if they have become infected. This procedure is done while your horse is under general anesthesia, and the cyst tissue may be sent off for further testing. This testing will determine if there are any other concerns such as cancer or infection. When treated topically, cysts have reappeared in horses and may require further treatment via surgery. Your veterinarian will discuss this possibility with you at the time of treatment.
Follow up may be necessary in the event the cysts do not heal with topical treatment. It will be important to monitor any possible changes or reappearance of the cysts once treatment is completed.
Additional appointments will be required for post-operative visits as directed by your veterinarian. If your horse has surgery, there may be restrictions on riding, saddle wearing, and exercise. Recovery after surgery may take a few weeks until your horse is fully healed and his sutures can come out.
*Wag! may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!.
Cysts (Epidermoid) Average Cost
From 544 quotes ranging from $1,000 - $3,000
0 found helpful
My 24 year old Australian Draught Horse "Storm" has had a lump appear on his neck (April 2018) very close to the poll. It was first diagnosed at "Poll Evil". No one seemed to know how to treat it. It gradually over several months got larger and the vet took fluid that was tested to be synovial. I then treated him with herbs for 5 months to no avail, the lump continued to grow. It became quite big and the Vet called again and more fluid taken, this time diagnosed as a cyst. He was in a great deal of pain from the probing of the needle and was given Bute for the pain. Two weeks later I had a house sitter come who does "Bowen" for horses and after several treatments the cyst opened up and has been leaking ever since. The vet says the Cyst is not operable in this position and he is very touchy, its very hard to clean. Vet also said it could fill back up once it has stopped leaking. Its been leaking now for 3 weeks! Would like to upload photos but nowhere to do that!
© 2020 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved.
Download the Wag! app
Download the Wag! app