Jump to section
Glanders is a zoonotic disease, which means the bacteria can also infect humans through body fluids of an infected horse. The bacteria can also gain access through cuts, abrasions in the skin, via the eyes, or by the inhalation of the organism. If the bacteria is inhaled, clinical signs will be seen 10-14 days after exposure.
Glanders is a serious disease that is considered a bioterrorist threat, by the CDC. During World War I, World War II, and in the war in Afghanistan, the organism Burkholderia mallei was used as a weapon against civilians, soldiers, and their military horses.
If you suspect that your horse has been infected by Glanders it is imperative that you immediate quarantine him, take safety precautions, and call a veterinarian immediately.
Glanders, also called Farcy, is a very contagious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei. Glanders, which is usually fatal, was once found worldwide. Fortunately, it has been eradicated in most countries. Glanders is now uncommon, the last reported case in the USA was in 2000.
Glanders is caused organism Burkholderia mallei which is transmitted by:
The veterinarian will go over the medical history of the horse. The veterinarian will need to know what symptoms have you noticed, and when did they start. He will need to know if your horse has been in contact with other animals. The veterinarian will then perform a full physical examination. The horse’s physical exam may include:
Diagnostic tests may include:
Complete blood count - Checks the count of platelets, red and white blood cells and helps determine if there is a bacterial infection
Once Glanders is confirmed the horse must be quarantined. The bacteria can stay alive, with the right conditions, for up to one month. Stalls, water troughs, grooming tools, and saddles must be thoroughly disinfected and cleaned.
Antibiotics will be prescribed to the horse. The disease may be resistant to particular antibiotics, so the use of several different medications may be required. Skin lesions and sores will need to be cleaned with an antiseptic. Medicated ointment will need to be administered to the sores. It is important for the person caring for the horse to use gloves, mask, and eye covering.
If the horse was around other animals, they too should be tested for Glanders. The organism Burkholderia mallei primarily infects horses, donkeys and mules. It is not as common, but Glanders can also be transmitted to goats, cows, dogs and cats.
The disease is usually fatal in donkeys and mules but horses have a better prognosis. Antibiotic treatment is essential for the horse’s recovery. A follow-up visit will be needed to check on the horse’s progress. Diagnostic tests will need to be retaken. Unfortunately, some horses that do survive Glanders become carriers of the disease. This means that they can infect other animals and humans.
In cases where the horse is diagnosed a carrier to the disease, he will need to live the rest of his life in quarantine. Anyone handling the horse will need to take safety precautions, such as gloves, mask or face shield. Horses are very social animals and living under quarantine will make the horse very depressed. The veterinarian may suggest euthanasia. Currently there is no vaccine against Glanders.
*Wag! may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!.
Glanders (Farcy) Average Cost
From 226 quotes ranging from $6,000 - $12,500
Protect yourself and your pet. Compare top pet insurance plans.
1 found helpful
Hi, I have 2 horses that have recently been diagnosed with glanders. Both of them have the exact same symtoms as mentioned on your website. I have quarantined them, and we are using various antibiotics but I am a bit bothered about what's going to happened after they surivive. Will I really have to stay away from them or wear gloves and all when going near them, or is that something that happens rarely? And will they always be a threat to other horses, even after complete recovery? Both of them are polo ponies and in the game there is a lot of contact between the horses. I will provide a list of medicines which we are using, please tell me if I need to be using anything else, along with the dosage. Thank you so much.
Nov. 18, 2017
If your horses have Glanders and it is confirmed by a Veterinarian, the Veterinary Authorities in your country need to be notified as Glanders is a notifiable disease under the OIE (see first link below). Glanders is an infectious disease primarily in horses, donkeys and mules which is fatal in many cases; any horses which do not die from infection are persistent carriers and can infection other horses, animals and people. It is important to keep strict biosecurity controls when handling your horses and going near them which may include gloves, disinfection and separation. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2017/ www.msdvetmanual.com/generalized-conditions/glanders/overview-of-glanders www.gov.uk/guidance/glanders-and-farcy
Nov. 18, 2017
Was this experience helpful?
© 2021 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved.
Download the Wag! app
Download the Wag! app