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Any horse can become affected by sarcoids but American Quarter Horses seem to be predisposed for them. Standardbred horses have the lowest occurrence of sarcoids.
Equine sarcoids can present as a single or multiple lesions and can be in several different forms from small lesions to large, ulcerated growths. Sarcoids are seldom life threatening but they can cause issues with function, depending on the location. Lesions can present anywhere on your horse’s body with the most commonly affected areas being the paragenital region, abdomen, head, and ventral thorax. Lesions will most likely present where there was a previous injury and scarring.
Each type of equine sarcoid has its own symptoms. If you notice any changes on your horse’s skin, have your veterinarian do a full assessment to make sure that proper treatment is given for the illness.
There are six distinct types of equine sarcoids. Each type is easy to identify as they have very different properties.
No actual cause has been identified for equine sarcoids. Some researchers have found evidence that the bovine papillomavirus, both types, is a possible contributor. How the disease is transmitted is still a mystery as well.
They will many times develop at or near the site of a previous trauma or injury. While equine sarcoids can develop on any horse at any age, a large number of documented cases occur in horses under 4 years of age.
As soon as you notice any change on your horse’s skin, you should contact your veterinarian for an assessment. Your veterinarian will do a thorough physical examination and do a visual assessment of the affected area.
In some instances, your veterinarian will be able to diagnose the disease based on the appearance and location of the lesions or tumors. A positive diagnosis will be made by performing a biopsy of the area.
There is no set treatment for equine sarcoids and your veterinarian may suggest several different therapies to treat your horse.
After removing the sarcoids, recurrence is very common. Your veterinarian may opt to not remove the sarcoid and try different treatments for your horse. In some instances, no treatment is needed at all if the sarcoid is not painful or inflamed.
Your horse will never be completely cured and recurrence is very common. But your horse can live a normal life by treating the sarcoids by controlling the disease. Once your veterinarian has determined which equine sarcoid your horse is afflicted with and responses to treatment have been documented, the long-term outlook will then be determined. Speak with your veterinarian about long-term management of equine sarcoids.
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Sarcoids Average Cost
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