Most Munsterlander breed dogs are still employed as hunting dogs, although there are a few filling the role of either a companion animal or therapy dogs. Dogs are not just born as hunting dogs, and while instinct is helpful, a good hunting dog requires training in order to effectively track the correct prey, to know when to point or flush, and how to retrieve the quarry. Many of the techniques that are used to train hunting spaniels have to wait until the dog has reached a certain level of mental maturity, but some common training techniques can even be started when your gun dog is a young pup.
While humans have just six million olfactory receptors in their nasal passages, the average dog has around a hundred million olfactory receptors, and the portion of their brains that are dedicated to interpreting those scents is at least forty times larger than most humans. Dogs bred to hunt were prized for their ability to locate prey by scent giving them even greater acuity than the average dog and Munsterlanders, both large and small, are no exception. This makes this breed well-suited to both practical scent work, as you would see in both hunting trials and search and rescue operations, as well as competitive scent work.