Why Do Dogs Give Love Bites?

Common
Normal

Introduction

Boogeyman is your dog pal, and he is so loving that he continually offers you and his dog friends love bites. You think it’s cute, and they never hurt, so you snuggle with him as he gently gnaws at your toes. You have noticed that Boogeyman always gives love bites to his doggy friends at the park. You figure he is just a friendly pup with a lot of love inside, but sometimes you wonder if Boogeyman could accidentally hurt one of his doggy pals or you. Just like parents question raising their own child, you want to know if you are handling Boogeyman’s love bite habit correctly.

The Root of the Behavior

You discover that puppies use mouthing as a standard way to explore. Everything is new to them, and nipping objects, people, and other dogs is an instinctual way to become acquainted with a very new world. Usually, the mother teaches her pups how to control their biting, but sometimes puppies are removed and placed in new homes too early, and they fail to learn this powerful lesson. This could lead to the puppy biting when he is older because he may have never learned from his mama how to control this impulse. Dogs also nibble when they crave attention. They have no voice, so they figure a love bite might encourage you to offer them the nurture they desire. Dogs might also gently bite a human because they like the taste of our salty skin. Sometimes the residue or smell of food also gets on an owner, and Boogeyman might playfully lick and bite you to show his interest. 

Love bites are also common when older dogs play. They are a way to show affection, and with a good doggy pal, a love bite is equivalent to slapping your buddy a high five or hugging your girlfriend. Some dogs have a hard time differentiating the strength of even their playful bites, and although unintentional, these love bites could end up hurting other dogs or even you. According to the American Medical Veterinary Association (AMVA), dogs think it's fun to play nibble with humans, but it could become very dangerous. They recommend avoiding wrestling and intense tug-of-war with your pooch, so you do not provoke these “love bites” that could injure you. Some owners also encourage their dog’s playful nibbles by petting them or providing them positive attention during the act of a love bite. In other words, be careful to smile, laugh, and cuddle with Boogeyman when he is nibbling your chin.

Encouraging the Behavior

Many playful bites that Boogeyman gives his doggy friends are fine. For example, it is common for dogs to mouth each other, and it is also okay if they nip at each other's necks if they are in the same pack. But nipping an unfamiliar dog’s neck or at another dog’s legs, can be irritating and cause a conflict. Dogs should also not be encouraged to continue nibbling if their doggy friend seems to be in pain. It’s also important for owners to recognize the demeanor of their dog. A playful dog that is offering another pooch love taps will have relaxed facial muscles, while an aggressive dog will tend to be tense and may even be snarling and gritting his teeth.

With puppies, it's crucial that owners reward playful nips from painful nips. Puppies may take a little time to learn how to play nicely with other dogs, and they should back off if their doggy friend yelps. They are still gaining their own strength, and with positive reinforcement for appropriate play, their playful gnaws should stay in control. For the sake of safety, you should discourage your dog from offering humans love bites because all it takes is one accidental hard bite to leave a mark.

Other Solutions and Considerations

Adult dog love nips are more concerning than puppy’s because adult dogs have sharper teeth and more strength than that of a puppy. Adult dogs are also not as sensitive as young pups, are harder to control, and usually larger, so it is essential that owners tame the adult dog’s love bites when it comes to humans. You can do this by ignoring Boogeyman when he mouths you. Provide no attention, and you can even make a whining sound when he nibbles you. It sounds funny, but it works. Also, make an effort, if you can, to train young dogs not to bite humans. Offer them chew toys and positive reinforcement for not biting and be especially vigilant when your puppy is around children. This will set your pooch up for safe behavior in the future.

Conclusion

It turns out that Boogeyman’s love-biting days with you are over. Well, you let him playfully nibble at his friends but have decided to take a more conservative approach when it comes to you. You realize that although Boogeyman’s nips at your feet and face were loving and cute, he could miscalculate his strength one time and leave you with some tooth marks that you’d rather not have. You bought some snazzy chew toys and ignored him when he nibbled at your feet; after a while, Boogeyman got the memo, and now he prefers to nestle his head on your lap instead of nibbling at your nose, and you apawed his good behavior.