Basset Hound

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45-60 lbs
Basset, Hush Puppy

The Basset Hound is recognizable due to its short legs, droopy eyes, and lengthy ears. The word “basset” is derived from the French word “bas” meaning “low thing”. The Basset Hound is also known as a Basset for short or a hush puppy. The Basset Hound’s personality consists of a gentle, non-confrontational demeanor, remaining a favorite among dog lovers. This breed is known for chasing its nose and having a strong hunting instinct. The Basset Hound has an engaging personality with a lot to offer. Its original purpose was to hunt rabbits and hare. The Basset Hound has been described as a multi-purpose breed that is able to excel in obedience, tracking, and conformation. His gentle nature allows him to hunt in packs or alone. The Basset Hound has a short, fine coat which is versatile in all weather. The Basset Hound would be happy with his family or alone chasing small animals.

trailing rabbits and hare
Date of Origin
basset d’artois, basset normand

Basset Hound Health

Average Size
Height: 12-15 inches Weight: 50-65 lbs
Height: 11-14 inches Weight: 45-60 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Gastric Torsion
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Thrombopathia
Minor Concerns
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease
  • Glaucoma
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Blood
  • Skeletal
  • X-Rays
  • Physical Examination

Basset Hound Breed History

The Basset Hound’s name is derived from the French word “bas”, meaning “low thing”. The Basset Hound is said to have originated around the 1500s in France. The Basset Hound’s ancestors consisted of the Basset d’Artois and the Basset Normand, in addition to other hounds with short legs. Its original purpose was to hunt small animals, especially rabbits and hares. There was little documentation as to the Basset Hound’s development in the 1500s. The Friars of the French Abbey of St. Hubert are often credited as developing the Basset Hound we know and love today. They were aiming to develop a slow-moving breed that could be followed on hunts. The Basset Hound was known to accompany commoners on foot at that time and was useful due to their scenting skills. It is believed that in both the late 1800s and in 1930, the Basset Hound was bred with the Bloodhound to increase the size. The Basset Hound has made countless appearances in pop culture. From a character named Flash in “The Dukes of Hazzard” to Elvis Presley singing “Hound Dog” to a Basset Hound by the name of Sherlock, there are numerous appearances made by this breed on TV. The Basset Hound made an appearance at the Paris Dog Show in 1863. In 1866, it made an appearance in England and was shown in 1875. In 1884, the Basset Hound was presented at the Westminster Kennel Club. In 1935, the Basset Hound of America was created in the United States and the breed was officially recognized by the AKC.

Basset Hound Breed Appearance

The Basset Hound would be difficult to overlook due to its distinctive features: heavy body, big paws, droopy eyes, and long, floppy ears. The Basset Hound is a short-legged breed with a heavy body that compares to that of larger breeds. This canine is able to endure all types of endeavors in the field. The Basset Hound has a short, smooth coat with a density enough to withstand all weather and a head that is well-proportioned and large, falling under the medium width. Its chest is deep with a prominent sternum placed directly in front of the legs. The breed’s shoulders and elbows are close against the sides of the chest, and the shoulders are at a powerful stance. The Basset Hound’s paws are massive and have tough pads. The tail is not docked but contains a slight curve. The skin is loose and elastic yet the Basset Hound stands firmly on its hind legs. The ears are low-set, long flowing, and drawn forward. The doleful eyes of this breed are a dark brown. 

Basset Hound Breed Maintenance

The Basset Hound needs some maintenance to ensure he is kept hygienic and clean. The Basset Hound has a short, hard coat which requires weekly brushing with either a firm, bristle brush or a rubber curry brush. The face should be washed or wiped regularly, especially around the mouth due to the excessive drooling. The Basset Hound should be bathed at least every 4 to 6 weeks, and more often if necessary. The Basset Hound is not hypoallergenic and is known to be a heavy shedder. Due to his numerous wrinkles and body, he is known to be a bit of a drooler and will require being cleaned regularly. The Basset Hound has a musky odor that may be difficult to eliminate. This odor is a result of his oily skin. His ears should be cleaned weekly as they have a tendency to trap bacteria due to their size. His nails should be trimmed every 3 to 4 weeks to prevent breakage and overgrowth. It is important to provide the Basset Hound with daily exercise to avoid the gaining of weight. The Basset Hound likes to be able to work for their food. The Basset Hound would fare best in a living arrangement where he is free to roam and exercise. An apartment would be acceptable as long as he is provided with daily walks and play activities. The Basset Hound’s coat allows him to be able to live in a variety of climates. 

Basset Hound Breed Activity Requirements

Top Basset Hound Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Basset Hound breeders of 2017.
Bassets of Hood Canal
Union, Washington
Rucker Bassets
Branford, Florida
Beemac Bassets
Riverside, California
Becky's Bassets
Manton, Michigan
Corkey Basset Hounds
Roanoke, Virginia
Brame Puppies
Moyers, Oklahoma
Arkoma Basset Hounds
Siloam Springs, Arkansas
Morse's Basset Hounds
Russellville, Kentucky
Okie Dokie Bassets
Carney, Oklahoma
Brentleys Bassets
Flat Rock, North Carolina