Beauceron

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65-85 lbs
24-26"
France
Berger de Beauce, Bas-Rouge

The Beauceron is smart, assertive, independent and often stubborn. Dogs of the breed have the size and skill to defend their home and family if necessary. It will be important that a Beauceron receives the appropriate training and socialization; he will mature slowly, acting like a puppy until he is around three years old. If raised with cats, a dog of the breed may be able to get along well with them, though as he will have a strong prey drive, he may be apt to chase them. It is very difficult, if not impossible, to wear out a Beauceron. Those considering a dog of this breed should be high energy and enjoy active exercise on a daily basis where a dog could participate. When a Beauceron is bored, he will be destructive.

Purpose
herding
Date of Origin
1500s
Ancestry
briard

Beauceron Health

Average Size
Height: 25-27 inches Weight: 65-85 lbs
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 65-85 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Gastric Torsion
  • Allergies
  • Hip Dysplasia
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Dermatomyositis
Occasional Tests
  • Hip
  • X-Rays
  • Physical Examination

Beauceron Breed History

The earliest document that mentions the Beauceron, known as the largest of the French sheepdogs, is a Renaissance manuscript from 1578; the large herding dog was typically used by farmers to drive and protect sheep and cattle as well as guard the family. The breed’s name comes from the area that surrounds Paris that is known as La Beauce. It is thought that the Beauceron may be found in the Doberman’s ancestry. In 1863 two types of sheepdogs from France were separated into two breeds; the Briard, which has a long coat, and the Beauceron, which has a short coat. The breed was first registered with the Societe Centrale Canine in 1893 with the first breed club established in 1922. The breed was popular in France, however, not known in the rest of the world. The Beauceron was used as a messenger dog by the French army in World War I and II, taking advantage of its abilities to follow directions, detect mines and follow trails. Even today, the Beauceron is used in police and military work, as well as to protect the home and family. Beginning in the 1960’s, the Beauceron’s popularity grew in France as well as outside the country, with the Beauceron Club of America forming in 1980 and the breed becoming a part of the Miscellaneous Class by the AKC in 2001.

Beauceron Breed Appearance

The Beauceron has been described as a solid, balanced dog. The breed has front legs and hindquarters that include powerful muscles, ensuring the dog can be active for long periods of time without tiring. Their feet are round and strong with black nails and firm pads. The muzzle is not narrow or pointed and dogs of the breed have full jaws with powerful teeth meeting in a scissor bite. Those of the Beauceron breed have large, somewhat oval eyes that are dark brown and display confidence. Their thick ears are set high and can be kept natural or cropped; when cropped they will stand upright. The neck of the Beauceron is muscled, holding the head of the dog upright, adding to the appearance of self-assurance the breed exhibits. The tail is naturally carried down and should not be docked; when a Beauceron is moving, the tail is raised. Dogs of this breed have an effortless and fluid gait, causing it to appear as if the dog is gliding.

Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
Red
Black
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Beauceron Breed Maintenance

Despite the double-coat of the breed, grooming of the Beauceron is relatively minimal. You will want to brush your dog one or two times each week (more brushing may be required during periods of increased shedding). It is important that a Beauceron be able to participate in mentally and physically stimulating activities, without which he can become bored and destructive. As the Beauceron loves being a part of his family, he should not be left in a kennel, but able to spend time with his family while engaging in outdoor activity and exercise (particularly off leash). It is recommended that a Beauceron have access to a large, fenced-in yard.

Brushes for Beauceron
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Comb
Deshedder
Scissors
Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Beauceron Temperament

The Beauceron is an intelligent dog who is both courageous and calm. This clever canine learns well, is known for being loyal, and wants to please and protect its family. A protective breed, Beaucerons make great guard dogs. Beaucerons may be wary of strangers and in most cases, do not get along with strange dogs. Dogs of the breed can usually adapt to other pets in the home if introduced when young. Should a family include young children, the Beauceron may attempt to herd them, making them a less than ideal choice for households with little ones in the mix. It is important that a Beauceron get proper training so that it does not take on the role of the “boss”. Early training will help make the most of the breed’s intelligence, ability to learn quickly, and drive. Praise, play, and food rewards are helpful. A Beauceron will push back when asked to do something in an effort to test you as to whether you mean what you say.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
30 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Beauceron Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.5 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $1.9
Monthly Cost
$39 - $52

Beauceron Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 12 inches Weight: 37 lbs
Height: 12 inches Weight: 37 lbs
12 Months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 67 lbs
Height: 15 inches Weight: 67 lbs
18 Months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 77 lbs
Height: 21 inches Weight: 77 lbs

Top Beauceron Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Beauceron breeders of 2017.
Joie De Vie Beaucerons
Henderson, Nevada
ARC Beaucerons
Sarasota, Florida
Mes Yeux Vigilants
Independence, Missouri
Le Boulanger Beaucerons
Westminster, California
Beaucerons du Chateau Rocher
Woodlake, California
L’Amour de ma Vie (The Love of my Life)
Brooksville, Florida

Beauceron Owner Experiences