Brussels Griffon

6-12 lbs
Belgian Griffon, Petit Brabancon, Griffon Belge, Griffon Bruxellois

This spunky and playful breed came from humble beginnings, being bred initially for the specific purpose of hunting vermin in the stables of Belgium.  The breed later was crossed with the Pug and became quite a comical little creature companion for cab drivers, though it isn’t certain if the customers were more attracted to the Griff or the cab drivers!  Bearing the expressive face of the Pug and either a smooth or wire-haired coat, this breed , also called “velcro dog”, is extremely loyal, loving, playful, curious and protective and really doesn’t like being left alone. The Brussels Griffon breed can sometimes be plagued with cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, a bony malformation at the base of the back of the skull called Chiari-like malformation (CM) or syringomyelia (SM), corneal dystrophy and hip dysplasia.

purpose Purpose
small vermin hunting, companion
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
griffons d’ecurie, affenpinscher, pug, english toy spaniel

Brussels Griffon Health

Sketch of Brussels Griffon
Average Size
Male Brussels Griffon size stats
Height: 7-8 inches Weight: 6-12 lbs
Female Brussels Griffon size stats
Height: 7-8 inches Weight: 6-12 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Bone And Joint Problems
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Heart Problems
Minor Concerns
  • Allergies
  • Difficulty In Breeding
  • Kidney Problems
Occasional Tests
  • Heart
  • Hips
  • Blood And Urine Protein Screens
  • X-Rays

Brussels Griffon Breed History

The Brussels Griffon breed began over 200 years ago in Belgium, the city of Brussels specifically being the area of its birth.  The breed began when the Griffon d’Ecurie, a wire-haired stable dog became the companion of choice by cab drivers, farmers and peasants as both a theft deterrent and a discourager of vermin.  In the 1800’s, this determined little ratter was bred with the Pug and was blessed with its crowning glory -- the magnificent head piece which defies the human face for expressive purposes.  As time went on, the Brussels Griffon was bred with the Affenpinscher, the English Toy Spaniel and possibly the Yorkshire Terrier to get the sturdy and compactly built toy breed we see today. Of course, the “ratting” abilities have basically been bred out of the Brussels Griffon but not the fearless, courageous and adventurous part of him.  He is still a loyal, loving, spunky, playful and protective “velcro” dog who will never be more than 3 feet from those he loves, even in sleep.  Whether he wears a rough or smooth coat, whether that coat is red, black, black and tan or beige, he will still have the high level of intelligence and adaptable personality to couple with a loving nature to be your ultimate companion.  Today, the breed is still considered relatively rare and isn’t as popular as other toy breeds.  The breed has three varieties: Brussels Griffon, Belgium Griffon and Petit Brabancon, though the American Kennel Club only recognizes the Brussels Griffon in both the smooth and rough coated varieties.  The breed has gained some increase in popularity after it was introduced in several movies, though it is still not as popular as a companion dog as other small breeds.  The Brussels Griffon is recognized by many associations including the AKC, ANKC, APRI, CKC, FCI, NAPR, and UKC.

Brussels Griffon Breed Appearance

The Brussels Griffon is a compact with a squarely proportioned toy breed who has medium length muscular front legs with strong thighs which are well-muscled. The feet of this spunky little urchin are small and round, featuring black pads and arched toes.  The most memorable features of this breed are the extremely large eyes which are set well apart with long black lashes.  It is these impressive eyes which give the Griffon a look which is almost human and just as expressive. The Brussels Griffon has small ears which are set high and may be left natural or cropped. The head of the breed is large and round, having a dome-like forehead. Their noses are short and black with large nostrils.  Generally, the jaw is undershot. The breed sports a gracefully arching neck of medium length which connects to a short, level back. The tailset is high and is generally cropped to about one-third of its natural length. Those muscular legs carry the Brussels along at a purposeful trot. The coat of the Brussels can be either rough or smooth, with the rough being wiry and dense and the head being covered with the wiry hair causes the face to be fringed with wiry hair, adding to the breed’s distinctive look. The smooth coat has no wiry hair but rather is straight with a glossy sheen. You can get your Brussels in a variety of colors: red (actually more like a reddish-brown with a few black whiskers at the chin), beige (consists of a black and reddish-brown mixture with a black mask), black and tan (usually black all over with uniform reddish-brown markings which are generally on the head and legs) and solid black.

Appearance of Brussels Griffon
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Brussels Griffon eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Brussels Griffon nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Brussels Griffon coat
brown Brussels Griffon coat
fawn Brussels Griffon coat
red Brussels Griffon coat
cream Brussels Griffon coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Brussels Griffon wiry coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Brussels Griffon Breed Maintenance

The Brussels Griffon requires some grooming based on the type of coat they have.  The rough coat requires brushing several times per week with coat stripping every three months to maintain the hard wiry coat.  The smooth coat needs to be brushed about once a week.  Bathing and shampooing are required as needed.  Neither the rough or smooth coat shed very much hair at all but they are not hypoallergenic.  This is a small dog breed and many of small dog breeds are prone to periodontal disease.  Accordingly, teeth cleaning on a regular basis will be needed to maintain good oral health and fresh breath.  They are a pretty clean breed, having minimal smell issues.  The activity level of the Brussels is active but not necessarily hyper.  They are generally active and busy in the house and love to go on daily walks.  The Brussels can function well in an apartment or a house with a small yard as long as they are taken on their daily walks.  The Brussels Griffon breed is extremely loyal and loving.  They have the dubious honor of having the nickname “velcro” dog because they are always very near those they love.  When it comes to housing, they are suited to living in any size house or apartment with any size yard or not.  They don’t flourish when they are separated from their human families so they’re not outside dogs. They can live in urban or rural areas and, since they aren’t outside dogs, climate really isn’t an issue.  Their dietary regimens are best when offered a well-balanced commercially prepared or home prepared diet, though they will gladly take any scraps offered from the table. 

Brushes for Brussels Griffon
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Brussels Griffon requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Brussels Griffon Temperament

The Brussels Griffon is a very loving dog and is loyal and devoted to his human family, being extremely protective when necessary.  They aren’t as loyal and loving to children as he desires to be the center of attention. When there are children, it is best to raise them together for the best results.  Your Brussels Griffon will be reasonably friendly with strangers, once he knows they are welcome.  He will get along well with other animals, though he doesn’t know his size when interacting with animals many times larger.  When it comes to training your Brussels Griffon, it is best done with positive reinforcement, though he may be a little more difficult.  He is intelligent but easily bored. His energy levels and his antics will entertain you for many years.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes
activity minutes

Brussels Griffon Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1.5 cups
cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$30.00 - $40.00
food bag monthly cost

Brussels Griffon Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Brussels Griffon at six months
Male Brussels Griffon size stats at six months
Height: 6.0 inches Weight: 5.0 lbs
Female Brussels Griffon size stats at six months
Height: 6.0 inches Weight: 5.0 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Brussels Griffon at 12 months
Male Brussels Griffon size stats at 12 months
Height: 6.5 inches Weight: 6.5 lbs
Female Brussels Griffon size stats at 12 months
Height: 6.5 inches Weight: 6.5 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Brussels Griffon at 18 months
Male Brussels Griffon size stats at 18 months
Height: 7.5 inches Weight: 11.0 lbs
Female Brussels Griffon size stats at 18 months
Height: 7.5 inches Weight: 11.0 lbs

Top Brussels Griffon Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Brussels Griffon breeders of 2021.
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Parisfield Brussels Griffons
Parisfield Brussels Griffons
Dade City, Florida
Top Brussels Griffon breeder FancyWood Farms
FancyWood Farms
Rogers, Arkansas
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Pups2love raised with love
Pups2love raised with love
Mansfield, Texas
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Hawk Pond Brussels Griffon
Hawk Pond Brussels Griffon
Elkland, Missouri
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Lakewood Brussels Griffons
Lakewood Brussels Griffons
Dallas, Texas
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Featherwood Brussels Griffons
Featherwood Brussels Griffons
Saint Clairsville, Ohio
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Precious Paws Brussels Griffons
Precious Paws Brussels Griffons
Arroyo Grande, California
Top Brussels Griffon breeder Ardenada Brussels Griffons
Ardenada Brussels Griffons
Easley, South Carolina

Brussels Griffon Owner Experiences

5 Years
Brussels are funny little dogs! Lots of attitude. I've walked one a few times. He wasn't too interested in other dogs or people, just wanted to sniff and move along. Food driven!
3 years, 11 months ago
6 Months
The Brussels Griffon I walked and played with was only about 3 pounds; he was super adorable! He was just a puppy, so he loved to run around and try to chase balls I threw and chew on things like the corner of the table and my fingers. He has short hair that sheds, so he only needs the occasional bath.
3 years, 11 months ago
10 Years
The Brussels I’ve walked have been energetic little goofballs. They’re so adorable and friendly. When walking, they don’t really care about other people or dogs. They’re super focused on the walk and sniffing/marking everything in sight. It’s not a super common breed but the few I have met have been very positive experiences.
3 years, 11 months ago
8 Years
Smooth coat Brussels are often mistaken for Pugs! But an easy reply is they’re just the pug’s Irish cousin! This breed is extremely trainable as they are obedient and smart. Faithful and full of love for their human companion, if they know their human is waitin at home they will bolt back to them when given the chance! They’re also full of energy when they want to be, but don’t mind being a lazy couch bum on cold winter days. I’m my experience, they’re never aggressive towards any living creature, but might Bork loudly at a weird looking rock. Excellent pet for a family or a city dweller!
3 years, 11 months ago
Pixie Dust
2 Years
2 People
House & Yard
My Brussels Griffon lives up to her reputation of being a velcro dog. She's a great watch dog - she barks at all the sounds she hears. She barks at people - I think to try to get their attention because she likes them so much, but they don't always understand it that way. She's not been good for house-training, but she's smart and will learn commands. She snuggles at all times and loves to be carried vertically with her front paws around your neck. She's also about twice the size of the breed specific because she just kept growing!
3 years, 10 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd