Cairland Terrier

13-21 lbs
Cairn Terrier

With a weight of 13 to 21 pounds, the Cairland Terrier is a small dog with short legs and a lot of spunk. Social and sensitive, this hybrid does have the tendency to bark. He is eager to please though, and with training may learn to curb the noise. The terrier in your hybrid will love to dig and explore; a home with a fenced in yard where he can play is the best bet. On leash walks are essential as this dog will take off on the chase when given the chance.

purpose Purpose
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
Cairn Terrier and West Highland White Terrier

Cairland Terrier Health

Average Size
Male Cairland Terrier size stats
Height: 9-11 inches Weight: 14-21 lbs
Female Cairland Terrier size stats
Height: 9-10 inches Weight: 13-21 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Cataracts
  • Copper Toxicosis
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Deafness
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • vonWillebrand’s Disease
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Blood Tests
  • Hearing Tests
  • DNA for VWD

Cairland Terrier Breed History

The hybrid called the Cairland Terrier is a new breed of dog that does not have a documented history to date; a look at the parent's history can give an insight into your dog. Once a hunter of the fox and otter, the Cairn Terrier is thought to be one member of a group of short-legged terriers from Scotland’s Isle of Skye. The name of this agile hunter is drawn from his ability to chase prey from the cairns, which were stone mounds used as memorials in the 15th century. Divided into 2 groups, the Cairn Terrier was of the Skye group. The other group was called the Dandie Dinmont Terriers. Toto from Wizard of Oz fame was a Cairn Terrier. The Westie, or West Highland White Terrier, comes from the same group of Terrier breed as the Cairn, designed to hunt fox, badgers and vermin. The breed was originally named after the town of Poltalloch, where they were raised and bred for almost 100 years before first being shown. Originally registered under the name Roseneath (from the Duke of Argyll’s place in Dumbartonshire, Scotland) in 1908 by the American Kennel Club, the breed’s name was changed to West Highland White Terrier in 1909.

Cairland Terrier Breed Appearance

Your Cairland Terrier will be slightly longer than it is tall and his compact body will be  muscled and strong. The legs are well built. The coat may be wiry and shaggy with a dense undercoat. The eyes of the Cairland Terrier are set widely apart, his eyebrows are prominent and his ears are small and pointed. Colors will vary but most often he is seen as a grey and brown mix but can be white or cream. His tail is often short and carried straight.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Cairland Terrier eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Cairland Terrier nose
Coat Color Possibilities
red Cairland Terrier coat
brindle Cairland Terrier coat
white Cairland Terrier coat
gray Cairland Terrier coat
black Cairland Terrier coat
brown Cairland Terrier coat
fawn Cairland Terrier coat
cream Cairland Terrier coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Cairland Terrier straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Cairland Terrier Breed Maintenance

The coat, whether of wiry or soft texture, should be combed or brushed once a week and it is recommended that dead hair be stripped at least twice a year. Depending on how the coat looks after grooming, a clipping or trim with the scissors may be needed. Minimal bathing is required, though the nails require regular maintenance and should be trimmed every two weeks and checked often for breaks and tears. Because your Cairland Terrier is a small dog, his teeth should have adequate care. Brushing is a must - small canines are prone to dental decay.

Brushes for Cairland Terrier
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Cairland Terrier requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Cairland Terrier Temperament

Described as scrappy and spunky, the Cairland Terrier has a strong personality.  He is a sensitive dog when he needs to be and enjoys playing with children. He may be aggressive toward other dogs and chase small animals; his prey instinct can be strong. Without proper training, the Cairland Terrier may bark excessively. However, as this hybrid breed is bright, training is typically easy for this playful dog. Also social, he likes to be in the middle of the activity. At the same time, he can be independent and stubborn. While he can be demanding, he is a friendly, happy dog.

Cairland Terrier Activity Requirements

The Cairland Terrier is a hybrid that needs to be kept busy. Don’t forget, his ancestors worked hard in the field and your Cairland Terrier will want to do the same. Give him the opportunity to explore and dig in a safe space he can call his own within your fenced backyard. Be sure to check his space often though; he may try to dig his way under the fence. A walk twice a day will further satisfy his need for exploration, keep him on the leash though, to ensure he does not dart out into the street in search of a chase.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes
activity minutes

Cairland Terrier Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$0.75 - $1.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$25.00 - $30.00
food bag monthly cost

Cairland Terrier Owner Experiences

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