Home > Dog Breeds > Collie
50-65 lbs
Scotland, England Highlands
Collis, Colley, Coally

This dog breed was originally found in the Scotland Highland regions, Scottish Lowlands and areas of Northern England. Although today they are usually used as a pampered family friendly pet, these canines were originally used as herding dogs. Collies are known to be extremely intelligent and sensitive, and are said to possess an undying loyalty and the ability to know what it’s owner needs. Due to these wonderful personality traits, there exist many true stories about Collies coming to the rescue of people or animals who are in danger. There are two looks that can help you distinguish a Collie, which are a short coat, which is also called the smooth variety, and a full coat, which is called the rough variety. As long as your pet gets their required amount of exercise, they can adapt to any environment, finding happiness in both relaxing in their home and playing outside. Your Collie will still possess strong herding instincts and you may find them chasing or barking at cars and herding children or small animals, but always being calm and protective. These pets excel at many sports, including agility, lure coursing, herding trials and obedience. These beautiful dogs are usually quiet unless given a reason not to be, or if they are left alone for long periods of time. They are stunning dogs that can be white, tan, blue merle or tricolored.

Sheep herding
Date of Origin
Collie, Sheepdog

Collie Health

Average Size
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 60-75 lbs
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 50-65 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Collie Eye Anomaly
Minor Concerns
  • Allergies
  • Skin Problems
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Nasal Solar Dermatitis
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Blood Test
  • (Dna Test For Pra)
  • Physical Examination
  • Allergy Tests

Collie Breed History

These stunning dogs were first found in the Highland Regions of Scotland. They used to vary greatly in looks, as their herding ability was more important than their appearance. Averaging around the size of today’s Border Collies, Collies were predominately black. Today, however, Collies have been bred and are now known for their signature coat and face structure. Collies were brought to Southern England by nomads in the stone age, which is where they became the tough and intelligent dogs that were used for herding sheep, pigs, goats and cattle. It is thought that two thousand years ago, the ancestors of Collies were introduced to the British Isles by Roman conquerors. These dogs were doomed for obscurity but were saved by Queen Victoria in 1860 when she brought some to England after she first saw them while visiting in Scotland. The first time that Collies were displayed at a dog show in the “Scotch Sheep-dogs” category was 1860 in Birmingham, England. The first of this breed was imported to the United States in 1879, and on August 26 of 1886, one of the oldest canine specialty clubs, the Collie Club of America, was created. Collies became particularly famous after one was featured in Lassie, a 1950s television series.

Collie Breed Appearance

There are two varieties of Collies; the Rough variety, which features a beautiful dog with a long coat that is shorter around the head and legs, making a mane around the neck and chest, and the Smooth variety, which has shorter fur. The Rough variety has a thick and rough outer coat with a soft undercoat that is extremely thick, so much that it is hard to find their skin when you part their fur. The Smooth variety also has a thick undercoat, but the outer coat is shorter and flat, while still very dense. They have many color types, including sable, tricolor (a black base with white markings and tan shading), white (which can include markings), and blue merle (a black and silvery blue color). They are lean and strong dogs, with arched eyebrows and skulls with flat tops. Their heads are chiseled and wedge-shaped with muzzles that are round, with a black nose and slight stop. They have teeth that meet with a scissor bite, and eyes that are almond shaped and medium sized, brown in color, except for blue merles who may have blue or different colored eyes. Collies have ears that are ¾ erect and have tips that fold forward. They have bodies that are a bit longer than their height, with long necks. They have long legs and a tail that will be held low and straight with a slight curl at the end.

Appearance of collie
Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Collie Breed Maintenance

These dogs are known for their thick and beautiful coats. The Rough variety of Collies will require more grooming and maintenance due to their longer coat, but Smooth Collies will benefit from regular brushing as well. Rough Collies will need to be brushed twice a week, and Smooth Collies will be fine with getting groomed once a week. Baths should be given when they are needed, which will be basically once every six to eight weeks. You should check their ears for dirt, odor or redness once a week and trim their nails every month. Collies should have their teeth brushed at least two or three times per week to prevent bad odor and to get rid of bacteria and buildup. This breed is not hypoallergenic and will shed moderately. They are typically not droolers and should not be smelly. It will be wise to perform a quick at home checkup each week to look for any swelling, tenderness, redness or other abnormalities. This will help you catch any illnesses or injuries before they can become a problem.

Brushes for Collie
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Collie Temperament

Collies are said to be extraordinarily protective and loyal towards their family, especially children. They can be playful but kind, sweet and gentle, and therefore are great with younger kids and smaller pets. Although they are calm, Collies can sometimes become suspicious of strangers, even more so if they approach any young children of their family. They perform well as watch dogs, as they will bark at any strangers but will not become aggressive. These smart pets are known to be good assistance and therapy dogs. Because of their high intelligence levels, Collies are easy to train and quick to learn. They are also talented at dog sports like agility, lure coursing, herding trials and obedience. These dogs can adapt to most home environments as long as they can get enough exercise. A daily walk and some play time in the yard will be enough to keep them happy. They are very family oriented, and will want to be around their people. This means that they can’t be left outside alone in the backyard all day. Temperament is defined by the dog’s inheritance, socialization and training. To ensure that your Collie grows into a calm, kind and well-rounded dog, expose them to various people and scenarios when they are young. It is important to keep your Collie occupied and to challenge them mentally, as they tend to bark excessively if bored or frustrated. Letting them participate in family activities and sports will keep them quiet and content.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

Collie Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3.2 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $1.9
Monthly Cost
$39 - $52

Collie Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 37 lbs
Height: 15 inches Weight: 30 lbs
12 Months
Height: 20 inches Weight: 52 lbs
Height: 19 inches Weight: 45 lbs
18 Months
Height: 25 inches Weight: 67 lbs
Height: 23 inches Weight: 57 lbs

Top Collie Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Collie breeders of 2017.
Sunway Presentation
Sophia, North Carolina
Avalon Collies and Training Center
New Providence, Pennsylvania
SnoValley Collies
Issaquah, Washington
Overland Collies
Chagrin Falls, Ohio
Rimba Collies
Hillsboro, Oregon
Clearvu Kennels
Coxsackie, New York
Showboat Collies
Bush, Louisiana
Lakewinds Bulldogs & Collies
Newtown, Connecticut
Jem's Collies
Star, North Carolina
Glenelg Collies
Nine Mile Falls, Washington

Collie Owner Experiences

2 Years
5 People
House & Yard
Running, walking, relaxing
My family loves our Collie. He's smart, active, house trained and very obedient. He loves his family. A great prorector.
3 weeks ago
Book me a walkiee?