The Saint Berdoodle is
a relatively new hybrid, though the two breeds that make the hybrid have long
histories. It is thought that the Saint Bernard descended from dogs
that were a mix of the heavy Asian Molosser that was brought to Switzerland by
Roman armies during the first two centuries A.D. and the dogs that were native
to the area. Over the following centuries, the dogs were used in farms and
dairies for guarding, herding and drafting. Dogs of the breed worked as guard
dogs of the hospice located in the pass between Switzerland and Italy, where
they joined monks on their trips of mercy. The Monks found that these dogs were
very good at finding paths and scenting. It was their sense of smell that
allowed the breed to find those that were freezing and trapped during storms.
It is believed that before 1830, all dogs of the breed were short haired,
though after two years of severe weather and lower numbers of the breed, the monks decided to cross the breed with long-haired dogs. One of the oldest breeds, of dogs, the Poodle is thought to have
originated in Germany while becoming the breed we know today in France. The
current Poodle is the result of a combination of several European dogs to
include the Russian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Hungarian and French water
dogs, as well as the North African Barbet. It is also believed that the Poodle
may be a descendent of Asian herding dogs, becoming the German Water dog when
arriving with the Ostrogoth and German Got tribes. Statues and drawings of dogs
that look similar to the Poodle have been found in Roman artifacts and Egyptian
tombs dating to the first century B.C. The Standard Poodle was used by the
French for duck hunting; gypsies began training the Poodle to be a circus dog.
In 1888 the American Kennel Club registered its first dog of the breed.