Sussex Spaniel

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35-45 lbs
13-15"
England

Highly intelligent and calm, the Sussex Spaniel was named after the location of where the breed originated from in Sussex, England. The Sussex Spaniel originated in the 1800s and was one of the first breeds to be recognized and implemented into the Stud Book when the AKC was formed in 1884. The Sussex Spaniel was first tied to a man by the name of Mr. Fuller who was credited with the creation of the breed. The average lifespan of the Sussex Spaniel ranges 13 to 15 years. The breed weighs an average of 35 to 45 pounds with a height average of 13 to 15 inches tall. The Sussex Spaniel is described as having a deep chest and heavy bone. It has wavy-coated ears and large, hazel eyes. The expression is often described as that of a sad puppy gaze. Its color is described as a vivid golden-liver. The original purpose of this smart, eager dog was to track and flush small game but evolved its purpose to include bird flushing and retrieving. The breed is loved for its steady way into the field and its effective ability to flush and retrieve birds. Also known to be an affectionate and loveable family dog, the Sussex Spaniel will bark, making him a sufficient watchdog. Daily brushing is recommended for this breed due to its wavy, flowy locks. The Sussex Spaniel does well with regular exercise but loves to spend time with its family as well.

Purpose
small game tracking and flushing
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
field spaniel

Sussex Spaniel Health

Average Size
Height: 13-15 inches Weight: 35-45 lbs
Height: 13-15 inches Weight: 35-45 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease
  • Hip Dysplasia
Occasional Tests
  • Hip
  • Skeletal
  • X-Rays

Sussex Spaniel Breed History

The Sussex Spaniel was named after Sussex, England – its origination. The breed originated in the 1800s after it was first spotted with a Mr. Fuller. Mr. Fuller is often credited with developing the golden-liver color variation seen in the Sussex Spaniel. While the ancestry documentation is scarce, it is said that the Sussex Spaniel was once bred with a Clumber Spaniel as well as a Field Spaniel in order to increase the gene pool. Phineas Bullock, who developed the Field Spaniel, is also credited with modifying the Sussex Spaniel. Breeders Moses Woolland and Campbell Newington are credited with saving the breed from extinction. The Sussex Spaniel's original purpose included being able to hunt on foot, a large amount of game. The Sussex Spaniel was considered one of the best options for a sporting breed in the 1800s. While the Sussex Spaniel was an effective hunter, its slow speed in the field in addition to its tendency to bark created for hesitant hunters. To date, the Sussex Spaniel is considered to be a rare breed due to its close encounters with breed extinction. The Sussex Spaniel is often loved for the great use of his nose in the field as well as a determined mission to track down game. The Sussex Spaniel was first mentioned in a magazine called Sportsmen's Cabinet in 1803. In 1862, the Sussex Spaniel was exhibited at the Crystal Palace dog show. In 1884, the Sussex Spaniel was one of the first 10 breeds accepted into the newly founded  AKC. 

Sussex Spaniel Breed Appearance

The Sussex Spaniel's body is rectangular in shape and low to the ground. Due to its build, this breed is able to cover dense areas while in the field. This canine’s gait is described as slow but powerful. The Sussex Spaniel has loose skin with a feathered tail and legs, accompanied by a body that is muscular and massive. The eyes are hazel in color, large, with a soft gaze and the expression is that of a somber and frowning one. Its ears are thick, wavy-coated, and set relatively low. The skull of this hunter is described as moderately long with an indentation in the middle. A broad muzzle is squared when in profile angle. A golden-liver colored coat covers a neck that is short but slightly arched and the chest is round, deep, and white. Typically, the tail is docked from 5 to 7 inches and set low. Its shoulders are muscular and laid back and the forelegs are short and heavily boned. Both legs are straight and slightly bowed. 

Eye Color Possibilities
Hazel
Nose Color Possibilities
Brown
Coat Color Possibilities
Brown
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Sussex Spaniel Breed Maintenance

The Sussex Spaniel requires regular grooming in order to maintain its wavy, feathered coat. Daily brushing is needed to reduce the risk of tangles. The Sussex Spaniel is a drool culprit and extra care should be taken with its coat to maintain hygiene. Bathing should be maintained between 6 to 8 weeks if necessary. This breed is not hypoallergenic and is considered an average shedder. The Sussex Spaniel does not have any significant smell but may become odorous if the coat is not kept clean due to drool. The nails of this active canine should be trimmed every 3 to 4 weeks to prevent overgrowth and injury. Ears should be wiped and cleaned weekly to remove debris and as well, teeth should be brushed regularly. The Sussex Spaniel is not considered high energy, but still requires daily exercise to maintain a happy, healthy lifestyle. Walks on a leash and play in the yard would make for an ideal activity. The breed would benefit from a warm environment and a fenced-in yard. 

Brushes for Sussex Spaniel
Pin Brush
Comb
Deshedder
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Sussex Spaniel Temperament

The Sussex Spaniel has a lower energy level than other Spaniels. The breed is considered an easy-going and friendly companion, ideal for families due to a calm demeanor with a cheerful disposition. This breed is skilled at hunting which may be hindered due to its knack for barking. This friendly dog loves people and enjoys children, faring well with other animals too, as long as it is trained at an early stage of development. This loving dog is patient with people in general and gives others a chance. The Sussex Spaniel does make an effective watchdog due to its determination to protect its family and may be hesitant towards other people when it is first introduced to them, but does warm up to them. The Sussex Spaniel is relatively easy to train and will often go along with the training as long as positive reinforcement is used. It is important to be patient and praise your dog when training.

Sussex Spaniel Activity Requirements


Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Sussex Spaniel Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2 cups
Daily Cost
$1.8 - $2
Monthly Cost
$52.5 - $60

Sussex Spaniel Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 30 lbs
Height: 11 inches Weight: 30 lbs
12 Months
Height: 12 inches Weight: 35 lbs
Height: 12 inches Weight: 35 lbs
18 Months
Height: 14 inches Weight: 40 lbs
Height: 14 inches Weight: 40 lbs

Sussex Spaniel Owner Experiences