Vizsla

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45-55 lbs
21-23"
Hungary
Hungarian Vizsla, Magyar Vizsla, Hungarian Pointer, Drotszoru Magyar Vizsla

The Vizsla originated in Hungary and was used in falconry. Falconry involves training birds of prey for hunting purposes. The Vizsla hunted with the bird of prey to help capture birds, rabbits and other small mammals. There are writings dating back to the Middle ages which document falconry and the Vizsla. The breed is muscular, medium in size and has a beautiful rust colored coat which is a single coat with a slick-like appearance.  The Vizsla is a high energy breed, enjoying exercise and activities with his owners.  The Vizsla Club of America recommends a minimum of 45 to 60 minutes of vigorous daily exercise. The Vizsla requires very little grooming.  Occasionally, he should be brushed with a bristle brush. The Vizsla should only be bathed when needed.

Purpose
pointing, falconry, trailing
Date of Origin
middle Ages
Ancestry
turkish yellow dog, transylvanian hound, weimaraner

Vizsla Health

Average Size
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 55-60 lbs
Height: 21-23 inches Weight: 45-55 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Epilepsy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Lymphoma
  • Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Allergies
  • Bacterial and Viral Infections
Occasional Tests
  • Blood Test
  • Heart
  • Thyroid Tests
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination
  • Allergy Tests

Vizsla Breed History

 The name Vizsla is Hungarian for pointer.  The Vizsla was the hunting dog of the nomadic Magyar tribe which lived during the 10th century. Ancient writings and primitive stone etchings confirm the Magyar hunted with falcons and the Vizsla. The Vizsla’s ancestors are believed to include the Transylvanian Hound and the Turkish Yellow Dog, which are both extinct breeds. The Vizsla breed was a companion and hunting dog to the nobles and aristocrats of Hungary.  They were not available to the “common” people. When the use of guns became more popular, the Vizsla was used more as a retriever. The breed was almost extinct after World War 11. The Vizsla was associated with the aristocrats and nobles of Hungary.  Therefore, when the Soviet army took control of Hungary, there was the fear that the breed would be all killed. To help save the breed some individuals smuggled the Vizsla out of Hungary into other European countries. The Vizsla came to North America in 1950. The American Kennel Club officially recognized the breed in 1960. A Vizsla named Pete was part of the search-and-rescue teams after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York. Pete received the first Vizsla AKC Award for Canine Excellence for his rescue work. Vizslas are wonderful family pets and they also make excellent therapy dogs, service dogs and search-and-rescue dogs. They have acquired the nickname "Velcro Vizsla" because they are loving and literally attached to their owners.

Vizsla Breed Appearance

The Vizsla has a noble appearance and is a well proportioned dog. His rust colored coat is short, smooth and dense.  The Vizsla has no undercoat and should not be left outside during the winter months. His skin is tight fitting without folds. The breed is lean with defined and strong muscles. They are an athletic medium-sized dog. The head of the Vizsla has a chiseled look. The muzzle is long and square-shaped with a brown nose and strong jaws. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. His lips are tight fitting with no flews (pendulous flaps). The eyes of the Vizsla are brown, alert and very expressive. The ears are large, pendant in shape and hang down on the side of his face. The tail is usually docked to 2/3 length.  Their paws are rounded, thick and webbed. The typical gait of a Vizsla is elegant with a light-footed trot.

Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Brown
Coat Color Possibilities
Fawn
Red
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Vizsla Breed Maintenance

Vizslas are very easy to groom; weekly brushing is sufficient. The Vizsla lacks an undercoat and sheds very little. This makes him a hypoallergenic breed. With no undercoat, he may need to wear a coat on winter walks and should not be left outside. Bathing is only necessary if they get dirty or muddy. The pendant ears should be check weekly for wax build-up, mites or redness.  The ears should also be cleaned regularly with a veterinarian approved ear wash. His teeth should be brushed at least once per week to help prevent tartar buildup and gingivitis. Nails should be clipped monthly. The Vizsla is a very high energy dog and needs daily exercise. Dogs that are active need a high-grade, nutritious dog food. The first ingredient on the label should be a meat, not a grain or byproduct. Many Vizsla breeders recommend a raw diet and instead of one large meal the Vizsla should be fed twice a day. The Vizsla does better in a house which has a yard to run and play in. They thrive being close to people; therefore, he should not be housed outside.

Brushes for Vizsla
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Vizsla Temperament

The Vizsla is called the "Velcro" dog because he literally attaches himself to people. Even though he is medium in size he loves being a lap dog. He is also an athlete that enjoys daily exercise and fun activities such as hiking, runs, swimming, flyball, tracking and hunt tests. Because of their robust energy, they do better with older children. Unfortunately, if the Vizsla does not get daily exercise, behavior problems may occur (biting on furniture, scratching at doors, excessive barking).  Vizslas are affectionate and intelligent but they can also be stubborn and shy.  Puppies should be socialized early with people, children and other dogs. Like all puppies, the Vizsla breed when small, loves to chew on things, so they will need plenty of toys. Vizslas are very vocal, and will whine, grunt, moan and bark to let you know how they are feeling.  Because they have a sensitive temperament they do not do well with harsh commands. They thrive with positive reinforcement training. The Vizsla is a wonderful dog for an active family that enjoys partaking in energetic, fun activities during the day and relaxing with a lap dog in the evenings.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes

Vizsla Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.2 - $1.4
Monthly Cost
$34 - $45

Vizsla Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 27 lbs
Height: 18 inches Weight: 22 lbs
12 Months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 40 lbs
Height: 20 inches Weight: 35 lbs
18 Months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 57 lbs
Height: 22 inches Weight: 50 lbs

Vizsla Owner Experiences