Bufo Toad Toxicity Average Cost

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Average Cost


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What is Bufo Toad Toxicity?

This species of toads known as bufo marinus or Rhinella marina are found along the gulf coast and are one of the leading causes of toxicity in dogs. When your dog comes into contact with one of these toads, the toad secretes toxins through their skin as a defense mechanism. Depending on how much contact and how much toxin is transferred to your dog will better determine how severe his toxicity will be. 

The contact is typically oral, meaning your dog will lick, mouth, grab the toad and the result will be toxicity potentially. This contact can be life threatening to your dog and unfortunately, due to their jumping and large size, they tend to attract your dog’s attention easily. Due to this being a specific type of toxicity, it may resemble other toxicities your dog can get in to such as chemicals, pesticides, cleaners, and bug sprays and may be somewhat difficult to diagnosis if you do not see direct ingestion or contact with the toad.

Envenomation is the process of your dog being injected or ingesting a toxin from another animal. Bufo toad toxicity happens when your dog comes into contact with the giant, marine, or cane toad.

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Symptoms of Bufo Toad Toxicity in Dogs

The symptoms your dog will experience may vary between generalized and more specific to toad toxicity. Below the symptoms will be highlighted. 

  • Hyper salivating 
  • Hypermetric (spasms of the limbs)
  • Disorientation
  • Tachycardia (rapid heart beat)
  • Seizures
  • Hallucinations
  • Tremors
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Hypothermia
  • Depression
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Cardiac problems
  • Neurological problems
  • Oral irritation
  • Unresponsive pupils
  • Pawing at the mouth
  • Anxiety
  • Respiratory difficulties

Causes of Bufo Toad Toxicity in Dogs

The cause is simply related to your dog coming into contact with the toad. This may be done by his: 

  • Licking the toad
  • Picking the toad up in his mouth
  • Chasing and playing with the toad
  • Biting the toad
  • Ingesting (eating) the toad
  • Ingestion of tadpoles, toad eggs or dried out toads

Due to the small amount needed to create toxicity in your dog, there is a large concern anytime he comes into contact with a toad. There is a higher risk of him coming into contact with this toad if you live in the following areas and during warm/mild weather:

  • Texas (Rio Grande Valley, Southern tip)
  • Florida (Southern tip)
  • Hawaii
  • Australia (Northeastern half )
  • Europe
  • Northern Africa
  • North Western Asia

Diagnosis of Bufo Toad Toxicity in Dogs

If you have noticed that your dog consumed a toad of any kind, especially if you live along the Gulf Coast – a trip to your veterinarian will be in order. When preparing for that visit, it will be important to tell your veterinarian if you think he came into contact with a toad and if possible, present evidence via pictures or a sample. 

If you are not sure what he got in to, but you see he is experiencing the symptoms above, be prepared to share with your doctor where he was, what he was doing and when you began to notice the symptoms. 

Signs and symptoms typically present within minutes of exposure to the toad and the event should be treated as an emergency. Your veterinarian will most likely want to do a physical exam and check for obvious signs of distress with his breathing, heart rate increase or decrease, temperature and more. As there is no test specific to bufo toad toxicity, your veterinarian will diagnose by eliminating other options and possible causes.

Treatment of Bufo Toad Toxicity in Dogs

Unfortunately, there is no cure for bufo toad toxicity; it is about symptoms management and reducing the contact with the toxin in your dog. If you know for a fact your dog came into contact with a toad immediately rinse his mouth out carefully – head lower than body. It will be beneficial for you to protect your hands as well due to the toxin being dangerous for human skin also. Once you have rinsed your dog’s mouth, get him to the veterinarian immediately.

Your veterinarian will treat your dog’s symptoms by possibly putting him on fluids if he presents as dehydrated. He may also be given medications to calm any seizures, tremors, regulate heart rate and breathing. Inducing vomiting to rid your dog of the toxins in his body may be done via charcoal as well. Your dog may receive oxygen if his breathing is not able to be controlled via medications.

Recovery of Bufo Toad Toxicity in Dogs

Typical recovery will be within 12 hours if treatment is started early enough without any long term effects. However, if your dog ingests a large amount there is a high probability of death due to the toxicity. Depending on your dog’s symptoms, your veterinarian may want to see him a few days after his initial appointment for a checkup.

Prevention is key due to there being no cure or antidote at this time to this toxin. If you know you live in an area that has these toads, try to keep your dog from wandering without you, if his water dish or food dish are outside don’t allow him to eat out of it if it has been out without supervision (toads have been known to eat and drink out of them leaving toxins behind), You can also keep an eye out at night as the toads are nocturnal.

Bufo Toad Toxicity Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Labrador Retriever
14 Months
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

We live in a rural area in the Republic of Panama.

Our introduction to Bufo Frogs was Two years ago when we had a large Labrador attack a Bufo Frog. She showed mental incapacity, salivating, difficulty walking, and then unable to walk. She died at five o'clock in the morning after we had sat with her all night. It was devastating! Later, we learned about frogs.

Now, we have two large (90 pound) Labradors. We keep them on our elevated porch from dusk to dawn which is when frogs are active. We leave no dog food or water at ground level. We diligently hunt for Bufo Frogs on our property several times per month. We hunt for them shortly after dusk killing on average 4-5 per month. We try to train our dogs not to touch frogs.

This morning one of our Labradors found a Bufo under our house. We immediately rinsed his mouth thoroughly with a water hose on low pressure, and I injected him with 7cc antihistamine and put him in his porch kennel for observation. One hour later he is showing no signs of toxic poisoning. In a few minutes, I am going to send the Bufo my dog had found under the house to frog heaven, and, late today we are going to hunt for some of his friends to accompany him.

I am not a veterinarian, but my advice is to know your dog's enemy! AND, Be prepared!

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Golden Retriever
8 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Foaming mouth

We live in South Fl and have many Bufo Toads around our outdoor pond. Nylah went outside when we found her she was foaming at the mouth, and we are almost positive she came in contact with a Bufo Toad.

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Boykin Spaniel
2 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Foaming At The Mouth

Sky bit a bufo on the nose “picked it up REALLY quick” put it down as quick as she picked it up and IMMEDIATELY started foaming at the mouth BUT not the FIRST other symptom other than foaming at the mouth. After my husband threw her n the shower and rinsed her mouth out she went and got her tennis ball brought it to us and was begging us to go throw play ball with her....so we’re REALLY confused but yet worried too! We haven’t seemed vet but it’s 5:00am and we haven’t slept any all night. We’re scared to go to sleep. She’s a Boykin Spaniel

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3 Years
Critical condition
1 found helpful
Critical condition

Has Symptoms

respiratory distress
Severe tremors
Foaming profusely at the mouth

We live in SW Louisiana. My son's dog, Belle, swallowed a Gulf Coast toad. We didn't know about it until she threw it up and was already experiencing severe symptoms of toxicity.

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American Staffordshire Terrier
9 Months
Fair condition
3 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

No symptoms

My dog came in contact with a toad this morning and I think the toad did secrete something. My dog drank water soon after.He does not have any symptoms. But we have noticed bumps on his body (he had played around with toads recently) and we thought it was from the the grass area we bring him, they just sprayed the lawn with chemicals and he had rolled around the grass so we thought it was a reaction to what they sprayed. Could coming into contact with the toads cause bumps on his skin?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3320 Recommendations

The most important step to take when you see Jasper playing with a dog is to wash the mouth out as soon as possible to be on the safe side. Symptoms of poison toad licking usually consists of drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea, tremors, seizures, cardiac issues, lethargy and pawing at the mouth; skin rashes are not a symptom. It may be that Jasper is having an allergic reaction from contact with toads or from the environment; to be on the safe side wash out his mouth, bathe his whole body and give Benadryl at a dose of 1mg/lb twice per day to see if there is any improvement. If you don’t see any improvement or the symptoms worsen, visit your Veterinarian immediately. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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American Bulldog
1 Year
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms


Live in South Florida and let me 110lb American Bulldog our back. He saw a baby toad (believe bufo) and put his nose to it. Is a baby toad just as poisonious as the adult one? And should I be worried? He is always drooling so I can’t tell if it’s more than normal. He ate his dinner afterwards but seems a bit lazy. Not sure if he’s just tired (picked him up from 3 days in boarding today) or if he’s having a reaction. No vomit after he ate.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1611 Recommendations
I would imagine that baby toads are equally poisonous, and I'm not sure how long it has been since Groot may have licked the toad, but signs of toxicity include GI and neurologic signs. If he starts vomiting, doesn't want to eat, is tremoring or having seizures, then he should be seen right away for supportive care by a veterinarian.

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2 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms


I found Diego with a toad of some sort, and due to my region I am unsure of whether it was a Bufo Toad or not but I am terrified. I rinsed his mouth the best I could, and the only symptom as of now is panting, which could be totally unrelated. Please help.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1611 Recommendations
If you think there is a possibility that Diego came into contact with a Bufo toad, it would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian right away, as they will want to start treatment to prevent any oral irritation. It would be better to be safe than sorry, especially with his small size. I hope that all goes well for him.

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