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What are Jack Russell Terrier Allergies?

Jack Russell Terrier allergies are due to a greater chance of contracting atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis has been studied in a variety of experimental procedures and laboratory testing and this condition has been shown to occur more frequently in specific breeds, including the Jack Russell Terrier.

This particular breed lends itself to a higher risk of allergies, and the types of allergies range from a variety of inhalants to food allergies. The reactions usually are revealed on the skin as their immune systems are overreacting to the particular allergens. Although Jack Russell Terriers may not all be allergic to the same triggers that cause reactions, treatment of atopic dermatitis is the same. The only difference is the specific offending allergen that needs to be removed from the dog’s environment; this is the one definitive method of treatment.

Not every Jack Russell Terrier will have allergies, and if they do get allergies it will be between one and five years of life. Every dog is different, and every dog reacts to specific triggers in a different way.

Jack Russell Terriers are susceptible to a variety of allergies. These allergies usually consist of a form of dermatitis known as atopic dermatitis. Jack Russell Terrier allergies may also be due to a specific food allergy.

Jack Russell Terrier Allergies Average Cost

From 512 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,500

Average Cost

$1,200

Symptoms of Jack Russell Terrier Allergies in Dogs

An allergic Jack Russell Terrier will show a variety of symptoms. The severity of symptoms will depend on the particular dog in the specific type of allergy. Symptoms of Jack Russell Terrier allergies include:

  • Redness of the skin
  • Hotspots
  • Excessive licking and chewing skin and feet
  • Skin infections
  • Ear infections
  • Loss of hair
  • Over pigmentation

Types

Atopic dermatitis can occur for a variety of reasons. Types of allergens that can trigger a Jack Russell Terrier’s atopic dermatitis include:

  • Food Allergens
  • Pollen
  • Mold
  • Insect Bites
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Causes of Jack Russell Terrier Allergies in Dogs

Causes of atopic dermatitis in Jack Russell Terriers are very similar to the causes of many allergies. Specific causes for the reaction to the allergen include:

  • An overactive or hypersensitive immune system
  • Immune system being oversensitive to a specific allergen
  • Immune system responds to non-threatening substance as a threat
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Diagnosis of Jack Russell Terrier Allergies in Dogs

If your Jack Russell Terrier is exhibiting the above symptoms, make an appointment with your veterinarian. Your veterinarian will do a complete physical examination which may include bloodwork, urinalysis, and biochemistry profile. The reason for these initial tests is to check for any other conditions which your dog may have. The veterinarian may also examine your dog’s ears to check for any infection. He may also opt to do a skin test, which is a procedure that can possibly determine the cause of the skin irritation. A very small piece of the inflamed skin may be sent off to the laboratory to be tested to let the veterinarian, and you, have more of an understanding of the offending allergens.

The skin test may take a few days to come back from the laboratory.  If your dog does not have an underlying condition or illness then your veterinarian will ask you many questions pertaining to your dog’s lifestyle. The medical professional will gather information about your dog’s diet, daily routines, whether he is mostly inside or mostly outside, the plants in which you have growing within your home as well as on your property, how long he has been suffering from the allergies, and if they just flare-up on occasion or if he has had the skin condition or other symptoms for some time. All this information will help the veterinarian begin to decipher what may be causing the atopic dermatitis.

Oftentimes, the veterinarian chooses to rule out specific food allergies using an elimination trial. Your veterinarian will give you specific instructions on how to perform this elimination trial; this is usually accomplished by only feeding your dog specific ingredients and halting all bones, treats, table food, or any flavored medication. Your veterinarian will also suggest the type of dog food to feed him for 12 weeks. After this time, you will introduce one food at a time and check for a reaction.

Usually after the elimination diet, and after a specific food is ruled out, the veterinarian will perform allergy testing. However, the veterinarian may have previously performed the skin test during the initial visit. The decisions made by your veterinarian will vary from dog to dog and symptom to symptom. Atopic dermatitis can be effectively diagnosed; however, it does take time and patience to determine precisely what your Jack Russell Terrier is allergic to.

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Treatment of Jack Russell Terrier Allergies in Dogs

When it comes to treating atopic dermatitis in your Jack Russell Terrier, there are a few methods that can be used to treat flare-ups. Treatment methods include:

Medications

Anti-inflammatory tablets, topical ointments, specific type of shampoos that are medicated, and sprays can be used to help the dog feel better. These treatments, however, are only temporary. Unfortunately, they do not “cure” your dog’s allergies.

Injections

Desensitization injections not only mask the symptoms, but they do help your dog develop a bit of a resistance to the allergen. This is a pricier option, but it can help for a longer period of time. Choosing desensitization injections depends on your dog and how much he tends to flare-up, the severity of the skin irritation, and his age and overall health.

Removing the Trigger

The only action you can take to rid your dog completely of the allergy or allergies is to remove it from your dog’s environment. Whether it is food, pollen, specific plants, or anything else, this will be determined after testing is complete. It may take some time before you realize what is affecting your dog, but once you do, removing it from his life will be the one thing you can do to put an end to the allergic reactions.

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Recovery of Jack Russell Terrier Allergies in Dogs

Once you figure out what your Jack Russell Terrier is allergic to, he will recover nicely after the allergen is removed from his environment. In terms of managing his allergies, a bath once a week may help relieve the itching and irritation of the skin and will further remove any allergens from the environment from his skin and fur. Your veterinarian will give you suggestions on shampoos or mild cleansing agents to keep your dog fresh and clean and allergy-free. Once the allergen is removed from your dog’s environment, consult your veterinarian if any other flare-ups occur. Never give your dog any medications, especially antihistamines, without consulting your veterinarian.

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Jack Russell Terrier Allergies Average Cost

From 512 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,500

Average Cost

$1,200

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Jack Russell Terrier Allergies Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Jack Russell

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Nine Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Scratching

Hi, my jack russel has been scratching constantly. He has been to the vet 3 times each time some strange reason. He has been on a month of antibiotics, then cortisone, then apoquel and special shampoo. Nothing seems to help. He is up to date with deworming, flea meds and vacinations. Any help will be appreciates. We have also changed his food to a sensitive formula for about a week.

July 8, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello, Some dogs do have food allergies. You can try to switch your dog to a limited ingredient. YOu vet can even test your dog to see what they are allergic too. I hope that your dog starts to feel better soon. I know that allergies are very difficult and frustrating to deal with.

July 8, 2020

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Cookiedough

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Jack Russell chihuahua

dog-age-icon

2 Years

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Sneezing
Runny Nose,

My 2yo JackChi keeps sneezing and has a watery nose. We just rescues him a week ago and he's been fine up until 1 or 2 days ago. I noticed at night is when it flares up most. We do soft foods mixed with dry. Any ideas?

Sept. 14, 2018

Cookiedough's Owner

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Jasper

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Jack Chi

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4 Years

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Moderate severity

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3 found helpful

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Itching And Licking And Biting

My jack Russel cross Chihuahua has been itching butting and licking himself constantly and is making himself sore and is getting really red and sore and has started to get scabs on his back near his tail

Aug. 11, 2018

Jasper's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

Jasper may have an allergy, or a bacterial or fungal infection, or parasites. Since I can't see him, it would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian who can examine him and determine the cause of his problem and get treatment for him.

Aug. 11, 2018

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Allie

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Jack Russell Terrier

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8 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Itching
Scabs

I have a jack russell terrier who is 8 years old. She will scratch a patch of skin right by her tail ( on her back) to the point she loses fur and it will scab over. Previously we had gotten medication for fleas and it worked but I've never seen fleas on her.

June 21, 2018

Allie's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

If the flea medication worked in the past, it may be worth trying again; if Allie has a sensitivity to flea bites it would only take one bite to cause a reaction. Ideally you should be using a topical flea & tick spot on treatment each month (or as directed on packaging) to control ectoparasites. If there is no improvement after flea treatment, visit your Veterinarian for an examination. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

June 22, 2018

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Frank

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Jug

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8 Months

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Mild severity

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7 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Itching,
Itching, Licking, Redness, Rash

My 8 month old jack Russell / pug has developed red rashes on his skin. He is always licking his paws and parts. He has not changed food or treats. We have tried lots of different shampoos for sensitive skin. He was on tablets at a young age because the vet thought he was allergic to house mites but it didn’t do anything. We are seeing a vet this week but just wondered if there was anything I could do from home to keep it at bay and clam the itching?

May 26, 2018

Frank's Owner


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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

Frank may have allergies, or parasites, or a bacterial infection. There isn't really anything that you can do at home other than tepid water baths to help soothe his skin. Your veterinarian will be able to examine him, determine what might be going on, and give him appropriate treatment, whether it is for parasites, antibiotics, or allergy medications.

May 26, 2018

I have had a Jack since 2001 and now have my second Jack, and both suffered RAGWEED allergies. Every year on August 2nd, both Jake and Milo break (broke) out to the point of tearing and bleeding. At first, we used prednisone but it affects the liver so we ceased. Then we tried Apoquel and while it worked, it also gave him the shakes, but no itching. Last year, late in the season, September, we gave him a shot of Cytopoint. Boy, did that work. I could feel the sense of relief on his part and things just got better till the end of the ragweed season. The thing that disturbed us was that had to put him into a "cone of shame" to keep him from tearing his skin off, 1.5 months worth. Bad idea as it made him very lackluster and developed an ear infection. This year we gave him Cytopoint in mid July and it kept him from breaking out, some irritated skin but not a major blow out. He just received his third shot of the season and while it is under control, there is still some discolouration (red) of his skin but very light, no cone of shame necessary. Itching is still happening but not tearing his skin off which is managed by weekly baths with a medicated shampoo and a damp cloth pass after the walk. RAGWEED, very prevalent in Eastern Ontario everywhere except in the deep woods where we walk daily 3 kms. Ragweed in the city is plentiful as many of my neighbours lawns are infected with it, and in the public parks. I had a vet even suggest that more serious dermatological tests should be performed, maybe its the food. Not when the itching starts in August of every year and ends near the first frost of the season, late October, early November. As it turns out, Jacks are susceptible to ragweed allergies but we wouldn't be ok without our Milo, the wonder dog. Milo is a little unusual as he is a TV addict, hates violence, and humans embracing but gets particularly excited by seeing horses, cows and any other animals even if it is an animation. Look up Ragweed and see what it looks like and avoid it like the plague. If you notice that your dog is itching in July, then be aware that worse things are coming. BE prepared.

Sept. 5, 2018

Andy R.

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Snickers

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Jack Russell Terrier

dog-age-icon

6 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Biting, Chewing At Paws

My six yr jack Russell is biting and chewing on his paws they look raw made bare spots his pads look irritated also I have tried allergy medication seems to help a little. Please help my lil guy thanks

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Marley

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Jack Russell Terrier

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1 Year

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

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Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Hair Loss

Marley has recently lost hair on her front elbows and armpits and overall her whole underbelly. She has also developed one small red spot on her chest. The hair loss seems to have started within the past few weeks. I have only recently noticed that hair loss. She has eaten the same food since she was a puppy and hasn't had any allergy issues before.

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Quinn

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Jack Russell

dog-age-icon

5 Years

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Serious severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Red Bumps Around Mouth

Quinn had been developing red splashes around his lower chin under the mouth! Took it to Vet back in July said it was allergies prescribed med but now his redness had comeback looks much redder than before!

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Roxy

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Jack Russell Terrier

dog-age-icon

1 Year

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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3 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Red Itchy Skin

Rox is one years old and suffers with senstitive skin. She is red and sometimes rashy on her under belly and scratches when you touch her. She was doing well in winter and now that the heat is back it has flared up again. We have treated the symptoms with coconut oil, vondis buchu and rooibos, regal skin care remedy and sensitive shampoos. What can we do to find out the cause? She is on a plot and has free roam of the land. Her eyes are also showing some inflammation now and tears are starting.

Jack Russell Terrier Allergies Average Cost

From 512 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,500

Average Cost

$1,200