Neonatal Ophthalmia Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $200 - 350

Average Cost

$220

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What is Neonatal Ophthalmia?

Eye infection with inflammation of the conjunctiva (also called pink eye or red eye) is a common condition in dogs. Newborn puppies are especially prone to developing conjunctivitis at about two weeks of age, shortly before or shortly after their eyes first open. Bacteria acquired from the mother during the birth process spread to the eye which is unable to properly flush itself at that age. As the bacteria reproduce and grow in numbers, the eye becomes infected and swollen, often exuding a thick purulent discharge. Most conditions are treatable if caught early, but delayed treatment can result in complications and vision loss.

Newborn dogs sometimes develop an eye infection during the first few weeks of life, before their eyes are fully open. Bacteria multiply behind the eyelid causing infection, swollen eyelids, and discharge of pus. In veterinary terms, this is called Neonatal Conjunctivitis or Neonatal Ophthalmia.

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Symptoms of Neonatal Ophthalmia in Dogs

It’s crucial to treat neonatal conjunctivitis early, so take your puppy to see a veterinarian immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  • Eyes are swollen or bulging before they open
  • Discharge of mucus or pus as the eyes start to open
  • Eyelids crusted over with discharge
  • Eyelids glued together by discharge
  • Red or watery eyes
  • Generally poor health and failure to thrive
Types

Conjunctivitis in dogs is divided into several types. Most neonatal conjunctivitis falls into the category of purulent conjunctivitis. Occasionally other conditions can sometimes be mistaken for conjunctivitis.

  • Serious conjunctivitis - characterized by redness, itching or clear discharge; often caused by an allergic reaction or an infection from a foreign body.
  • Follicular (mucoid) conjunctivitis - characterized by rough patches on the eye and discharge of mucus; caused by inflammation of the mucosal follicles in response to an infection or a foreign body.
  • Purulent conjunctivitis - characterized by the discharge of pus, crusted eyelids and inflamed conjunctiva; usually related to a bacterial infection; common strains include streptococcus or staphylococcus. This type of conjunctivitis should always be treated by a veterinarian.
  • Chronic conjunctivitis - recurring conjunctivitis that does not respond to treatment.
  • Dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) - a serious condition in which the tear glands fail to produce sufficiently. Since it causes either dry or watery eyes, it can sometimes be confused with conjunctivitis.

Causes of Neonatal Ophthalmia in Dogs

The vast majority of eye infections in newborn dogs are caused by bacteria from the mother with is acquired during the birth process. Since a puppy’s eyes normally take 10-14 days to open, the bacteria will not be immediately be flushed out of the eye and has ample opportunity to proliferate.

  • Ankyloblepharon, a condition in which the eyelids are partially fused together, can increase the likelihood of neonatal infection.
  • Puppies born in the same litter often develop similar infections.
  • More serious systemic bacterial infections or sepsis can sometimes cause or contribute to neonatal conjunctivitis.
  • Congenital eye conditions can occasionally lead to similar symptoms

Diagnosis of Neonatal Ophthalmia in Dogs

Neonatal conjunctivitis can usually be diagnosed based on the symptoms and the time of onset. Describe the puppy’s symptoms to your veterinarian and arrange an office visit at the earliest possible time. The veterinarian will be able to analyze the condition by observing the symptoms and most likely prescribe treatment. If the condition is not responsive to treatment, a bacterial culture test may be required for further analysis.

Any obvious symptoms like eye swelling and discharge are crucial to making an accurate diagnosis. Additional factors like the age or the puppy, the degree to which its eyes are opened, and the health of other members of the litter can also be important. The overall health and demeanor of the puppy can also help to indicate if there is a problem.

Treatment of Neonatal Ophthalmia in Dogs

The most important and immediate treatment will be to fully open the puppy’s eyelids and flush out the bacteria. With puppies at least a week old, the eyelids may be able to be gently pried apart. If the puppy is still very young, or if there is a genetic abnormality and the lids are partially fused, the veterinarian will need to use a surgical instrument to separate them.

Once the eyelids are open, the veterinarian will clean out the accumulated discharge and prescribe antibiotic drops or ointment. Most likely this medication will need to be applied daily. Young puppies do not produce adequate tears, so artificial tears may also need to be prescribed to prevent the cornea from drying out and causing further complications. Any medication containing corticosteroids is absolutely contraindicated as it will inhibit the eye’s natural ability to flush.

If the discharge continues and the eyelids become stuck together again, they will need to be re-separated and cleaned. Most infections will clear up with antibiotic treatment. If the infection fails to respond to treatment, another office visit, and further analyzation will be required.

Recovery of Neonatal Ophthalmia in Dogs

Most puppies with neonatal eye infection make a complete recovery with no reoccurrence or complications. If treatment is delayed, however, or the condition is left untreated, it can damage the cornea and cause vision impairment or blindness and these conditions will need to be managed.

The overall health of the puppy can also be a contributing factor in recovery, so it’s important to maintain adequate feeding and nutrition. This may include hand feeding if the mother is absent, or ensuring that the puppy isn’t pushed aside by stronger siblings at feeding time. It’s also important to ensure that other siblings are treated if they exhibit any symptoms to prevent cross-infection.

Neonatal Ophthalmia Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

puppy
Dachshund
7 Days
Moderate condition
1 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Swollen eye
Pain

I have a 7 day old dachshund with both swollen eyes. Eyes have not started to open yet. There is no discharge coming from the eyes but if touched, the puppy cries and seems to be in pain.I keep the blankets very clean. Is there anything I can do to reduce swelling and pain?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
If the eyes are swollen and it feels that there is some fluid behind the eyelids you should pry the eyes open carefully and flush them gently with sterile saline solution. If there is pus or other discharge present, you should speak with your Veterinarian about an ophthalmic ointment for the puppy. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

i have 4day old puppy with swollen eyes and has fluid coming out. i tried to gently open and clean with eye solution but it will not open completely. what will i do?

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Azur
Goldendoodle
7 Days
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Swollen eye
pus

I have a 7 day old goldendoodle and he has pus draining from his drainage angle of his right eye. And his eye is swollen. And when I press on it some pus leaks out. His eyes have not started to open. I am a breeder and try to keep everything as clean as possible. Is there a way for me to prevent this in the future?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
This sometimes just occurs due to the eyelids being closed and the accumulation of pus; you can try to gently open the eyes and to flush them out with sterile saline but be very careful. You should also speak with your Veterinarian about an antimicrobial ointment to place on the eyes as well. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

i have 4day old puppy with swollen eyes and has fluid coming out. i tried to gently open and clean with eye solution but it will not open completely. what will i do?

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Cinn
American bully
6 Days
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

I have 5day old American Bully pup who I noticed eye was swollen. 30 min later I noticed yellowish dischargecoming out. After cleaning with a warm towel, I called the vet in the town I’m working in. Well needless to say they only have one doctor and they wouldn’t be able to see till next Thursday. The next closest vet is 2hrs out of our way. The eye looks normal now but I still want to flush it out with an eye solution. Please help what are my options?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1076 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. If you aren't able to get Cinn in for a week to be seen, you can gently clean the eye with warm water and a soft cloth, multiple times daily if needed, to keep the discharge from building up and sealing her eye shut. As long as the eye is clear, not cloudy, and you are able to keep the discharge from building up, you should be okay to wait to be seen. If the eye becomes cloudy, or the lids are sealed and puffy again, she needs to be seen earlier, and you may need to go and wait until they can see you as an emergency. I hope that all goes well with Cinn.

Eye my newborn came out with a red thing on her head and her eye was open, red, and swollen. She's been alive throughout the whole night and she is currently alive but she wasnt eating throughout the night nor the morning. I've been holding her to the nipped to eat and she's been eating. Do you know what I should do? And do you know what is on her head & why her eyeball is like that?

My puppy is 9 days,eyes still closed and there is a drainage from the left eye help!! Don’t know what to treat it with since his eye is closed.

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Daisy
Jack Russell Terrier
7 Weeks
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Puss

I have a 7 week old puppy and she has puss in her eyes since this morning every hour and we have been cleaning it, but it doesn't seem like it is getting better.What should we do?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
This isn’t something which will get better within a day; you should keep the eyes clean and free of puss, flushing the eye with sterile saline will help and applying an antibiotic ophthalmic ointment from your Veterinarian would also be required. It may take a week or so for you to treat this condition depending on the severity. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Faith
Free-Lance Bulldog
7 days
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

I have a 7 day old french female pup her eyes are not open and at 10:45pm today her eye became inflamed so I did put warm compress on it for 10 seconds and tried to open the eye gently it 2oyld mot open however there was enough of an opening like a pimple the light yellow stuff came out of it and then I proceeded to flush what I could with saline the swelling went down it's Sunday so first thing in the morning I will be going to hospital with her I also separated her from other puppies and she ate seperately do u have any advice in the mean time as to what to do

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
It is important to open Faith’s eyes as much as possible so that any discharge can drain, flushing out the eye with sterile saline two or three times per day and wiping with a warm damp cloth will help too. Keep doing what you’re doing and visit your Veterinarian on Monday morning to get some eye drops and any other treatment your Veterinarian deems necessary. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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zoey
German Shepherd Dog
7 Days
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Zoey was born between two already dead pups so mom emded up pushing her away. She is great at feeding and bowel movements but just today noticed her eye is extremely swollen. Not old enough yet to have them open all the way. Nothing comes out when I wipe I with a warm towel. Any other advice without going to a vet immediately? (It is sunday, none are open).

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
If you are noticing any swelling behind the eyelids, you should carefully open the eyes and remove any secretions that may be there using a warm damp towel and flush the eyes carefully with sterile saline solution. You should visit your Veterinarian on Monday morning for an examination and a course of antibiotics if required; if the eye are bad or you notice anything disturbing you should visit an Emergency Veterinarian immediately. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Max
German Shepherd
1 Week
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Swelled eye
pus

We found him with his litter. Should I take him to the vet or just keep it clean and separate him from his litter. His eye was swollen and had like crust so I cleaned it with some water and as I was cleaning it pus was coming out as I very gently pressed it

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
You should separate the eyelids and ensure that the pus is removed by flushing the eye gently with sterile saline; antibiotic drops are best and would need to be prescribed by your Veterinarian. Keep flushing the eye out twice per day and look for improvement but visit your Veterinarian for the eye drops. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Goldo
Chien Francais Blanc et Orange
2 Weeks
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

My Chihuahua My puppy is 2 weeks in half but on eye it have like crest he open it but the same thing very time I clean him.
Read more at: https://wagwalking.com/condition/neonatal-ophthalmia

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
It is possible that Goldo has picked up an infection of the eye during whelping; cleaning the eye by flushing it with sterile saline is the best course of action. Due to Goldo’s age, it would also be best to visit your Veterinarian to look at getting some antibiotics and a general examination. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

I have a 18 day premature pup. Her eyes have not opened. No crusting or leakage could it be eyes are still developing?

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popeye
Pug
3 Weeks
Moderate condition
-1 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Eye Bulging

puppy has brown stuff in his eye

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations

Pug’s are prone to numerous eye problems and the eye bulging may be just a characteristic of his breed. The brown discharge may be due to an eye infection; the best thing to do is to visit your Veterinarian to rule out other causes of brown discharge and to get some drops and instructions on eye flushing. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

and now he is 1 year old

i am from india and i have one saint bernard and since he was puppy he have one problem in his eye it is red and it look like something thick red material sticks on it for down eyelid to half upward it is covered but it is not cherry eye so plzzzzz advice me what to do

hello Dr. I have a 5 day old chihuahua mixed. I habe been having yo bottle feed her because she won't latch on to her mom. I noticed that her eyes are very puffy.

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