When the plantation system took control of the economy in the South, the massive estates were worked mostly by slaves. Wild pigs and cattle would feed on these crops causing massive losses for the plantation owners. Owners and workers risked injury when they tried to chase these beasts out. So the Bulldog was the solution and was employed in the American Southern States during the 1600's. The Altamaha River became the leader of the rice-producing colonies, although after the Civil War, the plantations suffered and other industries such as timber took over. This reduced the need for the Bulldogs, and they all but disappeared from the Altamaha, with only a few kept by locals for hog hunting and protection. By the 20th Century, the Southern Bulldogs such as were found on the Altamaha River were all but gone. Extinction loomed for this breed after the end of World War ll. Numerous attempts were made to restore the breed, but it wasn't until Cole Maxwell became interested in the breed that the larger Bulldog that could scent a hog was developed. He worked with Animal Research Foundation to produce a dog that could withstand the heat of Georgia and had the physical capacity to work long hard hours. This new breed they named the Antebellum Bulldog. Many breed crosses were necessary to achieve the large, white Bulldog with the longer nose. The breed today remains rare although its popularity is increasing slowly. There are approximately 100 or so of the Antebellum in numbers, and the future of this amazing dog remains insecure. For now, it is the Maxwell family involvement that keeps the progress ticking over for this new breed.