Antebellum Bulldog

75-140 lbs
United States
Altamaha Plantation Dog, Altamaha Plantation Bulldog
The Antebellum Bulldog is a newcomer in the breed stakes. They have been developed recently as a re-creation of working Bulldogs that were found on Georgia's Altamaha River rice plantations prior to the Civil War. The Antebellum is described as part working dog, part companion dog, and they willingly accept either role. They are usually white in color, or white with patches and have strong solid bodies and massive heads. They have a loyal nature and although they have a stubborn streak, they can be trained and socialized to become great dogs. While they are loving and very loyal to family members, they may have issues with other pets. They are better in a one dog family to prevent behavioral issues. Training requires an experienced owner to overcome their tendency to try and dominate. Fair and firm handling with consistency is required, and the Antebellum needs to respect their owner if they are to thrive and learn.
purpose Purpose
Working, Companion
history Date of Origin
20th Century
ancestry Ancestry
American Bulldog, Dogo Argentino, Canary Island Presa, Alapaha Blue Blood, Catahoula Bulldog, American Staffordshire Terrier

Antebellum Bulldog Health

Average Size
Male Antebellum Bulldog size stats
Height: 25-30 inches Weight: 80-150 lbs
Female Antebellum Bulldog size stats
Height: 25-28 inches Weight: 75-140 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia (Chd)
Minor Concerns
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Cherry Eye
  • Digestive Problems
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Bloat
Occasional Tests
  • Optical Examination
  • Blood And Urine Analysis
  • Regular Full Physical Examination By Veterinarian
  • Full Blood Profile
  • Eye Examinations (both internal as well as external)
  • X-rays or other radiographic imaging

Antebellum Bulldog Breed History

When the plantation system took control of the economy in the South, the massive estates were worked mostly by slaves. Wild pigs and cattle would feed on these crops causing massive losses for the plantation owners. Owners and workers risked injury when they tried to chase these beasts out. So the Bulldog was the solution and was employed in the American Southern States during the 1600's. The Altamaha River became the leader of the rice-producing colonies, although after the Civil War, the plantations suffered and other industries such as timber took over. This reduced the need for the Bulldogs, and they all but disappeared from the Altamaha, with only a few kept by locals for hog hunting and protection. By the 20th Century, the Southern Bulldogs such as were found on the Altamaha River were all but gone. Extinction loomed for this breed after the end of World War ll. Numerous attempts were made to restore the breed, but it wasn't until Cole Maxwell became interested in the breed that the larger Bulldog that could scent a hog was developed. He worked with Animal Research Foundation to produce a dog that could withstand the heat of Georgia and had the physical capacity to work long hard hours. This new breed they named the Antebellum Bulldog. Many breed crosses were necessary to achieve the large, white Bulldog with the longer nose. The breed today remains rare although its popularity is increasing slowly. There are approximately 100 or so of the Antebellum in numbers, and the future of this amazing dog remains insecure. For now, it is the Maxwell family involvement that keeps the progress ticking over for this new breed. 

Antebellum Bulldog Breed Appearance

The Antebellum Bulldog resembles the American Bulldog in appearance but they are taller, their noses are longer, and they have larger, massive heads. The longer muzzle helps to prevent the breathing problems that Bulldogs often have. The Antebellum is strong and long in the body, with a muscular build and can weigh up to 150 pounds. That is one serious amount of dog! Large well-padded paws, a slightly wrinkled face with a slight jowl, and high set folded ears give them an impressive if not formidable appearance yet they are a gritty, tolerant breed. Their coat is short and soft underneath and is usually white or white with some patches. The Antebellum has small round eyes that miss nothing, and are usually brown but they can have one or both eyes that are blue in color. 

Eye Color Possibilities
blue Antebellum Bulldog eyes
brown Antebellum Bulldog eyes
amber Antebellum Bulldog eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Antebellum Bulldog nose
Coat Color Possibilities
white Antebellum Bulldog coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Antebellum Bulldog straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Antebellum Bulldog Breed Maintenance

Maintenance for the Antebellum Bulldog is very simple, just a weekly brushing and a rub down with a damp soft cloth will keep that short coat gleaming. Although their coat is short, they can be heavy shedders which is why a weekly brushing will help remove those loose hairs. Routine matters such as teeth brushing and nail clipping take a matter of minutes. It is important to check in your dog's ears, as this is one area where infection can get a hold and is hard to shift. Never poke anything inside the ear, just gently wipe out with a damp cloth to remove dirt and wax build up. Apart from this, the Antebellum is low maintenance and a willing subject for some pampering.

Brushes for Antebellum Bulldog
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Antebellum Bulldog requires monthly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Antebellum Bulldog Temperament

Born a working dog, the Antebellum Bulldog has the energy of an athlete but it has been bred to have fewer aggression issues that are often found in this type of breed. They are incredibly devoted to their family, although they tend to bond strongly with one person. This trait doesn't stop them from forming strong bonds with all members though, as they are protective and affectionate to all. They would lay down their lives to protect you without hesitation. Socializing is important right from puppyhood to teach them to be a discriminating protector. The Antebellum may take a while to warm up to a new person but most will eventually be quite accepting. This tough dog is actually quite the cuddle pup and loves nothing more than a snuggle. If you think you can handle a 100 pound plus of pure muscle snuggling up to you then you are well suited for this breed!  They make great family pets when raised correctly, although as a puppy their weight and enthusiasm can bowl over a young toddler. The Antebellum Bulldog tend to have issues with other pets, including cats that they have been raised with. They can be aggressive with the same sex dogs, or over territorial issues. Be aware that this dog will chase other non-canine animals, and will attack and kill them. Training and socialization are essential and can reduce these issues, but some are never entirely trustworthy.

Antebellum Bulldog Activity Requirements

The Antebellum Bulldog is an active breed of dog, who requires a lot of physically challenging exercise each day. They have great stamina and enjoy long walks which are great for socializing and learning good behavior. They need to have an outlet for their energy or destructive behavior; hyperactivity, excessive barking and aggression can arise. The Antebellum loves a large secure yard where they can run around in safety in an enclosed area. An apartment will not have enough space for this dog, but a home with a large yard is fine. This breed tends to have a dominant character and will challenge authority so they need a strong, decisive, consistent leader that they can respect. This trait, combined with a tendency towards stubbornness can make training the Antebellum difficult. An experienced owner who can maintain authority is the best owner for this powerful yet devoted dog.
Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes
activity minutes

Antebellum Bulldog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $1.90
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$39.00 - $52.00
food bag monthly cost

Antebellum Bulldog Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Antebellum Bulldog size stats at six months
Height: 14.5 inches Weight: 32.5 lbs
Female Antebellum Bulldog size stats at six months
Height: 13.5 inches Weight: 29.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Antebellum Bulldog size stats at 12 months
Height: 21.0 inches Weight: 70.0 lbs
Female Antebellum Bulldog size stats at 12 months
Height: 19.5 inches Weight: 67.5 lbs
18 Months
Male Antebellum Bulldog size stats at 18 months
Height: 27.5 inches Weight: 130.0 lbs
Female Antebellum Bulldog size stats at 18 months
Height: 26.0 inches Weight: 120.0 lbs

Antebellum Bulldog Owner Experiences

1 Year
5 People
House & Yard
Dog Parks
Look out the window
Explore the woods
a pretty strong breed.she doesn't get along with other people and dog that much
2 years, 6 months ago
Georgia Belle
8 Years
2 People
House & Yard
Catch treats
Playing in the snow
She's been an amazing dog. She is deaf, so her personality is most likely different than it should have been.
3 years, 3 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd