The Bouvier des Flandres originated in Flanders and was bred to be a herding and farm dog. The Bouvier des Flandres means, "Cow Herder of Flanders" in French. The Bouvier des Flandres is believed to have been the outcome of breeding Irish Wolfhounds and Scottish Deerhounds with local farm dogs. The breed not only herded and guarded the flocks, they also were strong enough to pull cargo carts. The Bouvier des Flandres almost became extinct during World War I and World War II. It was not until 1965 that the breed standards were agreed upon by several kennel clubs. Today, the breed can be found working as guide dogs, police and military dogs. The Bouvier des Flandres compete in dog agility trials, carting, obedience, dog showmanship and herding events. The Doberman Pinscher originated in the town of Apolda, Germany around 1890. A tax collector by the name of Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, is believed to have selectively bred a line of dogs, which became the Doberman. Mr. Dobermann also ran the Apolda dog pound, which allowed him access to many dog breeds. His goal was to create a breed that would protect and guard him while he was tax collecting in the city. It is believed that the Doberman Pinscher is a combination of the Rottweiler, German Pinscher, German Shepherd, Beauceron and Weimaraner. The Doberman was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908. During World War II, the United States Marine Corps adopted the Doberman Pinscher as its official War Dog. In the United States, the American Kennel Club ranked the Doberman Pinscher as the 15th most popular dog breed in 2017.