Thought to be a cross of the Mastiff and the Pug, the English Bulldog breed was developed in England during the 19th century. The first English Bulldogs were larger than they are today; they weighed about 80 pounds. He was bred to be aggressive, courageous and determined. The original purpose of the breed was bull-baiting. Bull baiting was officially outlawed in England by the Humane Act of 1835. When bull-baiting was outlawed, dog fighting became more popular. Dog fighting required a smaller area than a bull-baiting roped-off ring. So, even though dog fighting was also illegal it was easier to conceal from the authorities. Eventually bred to be a gentler companion, the breed was allowed to lead a happier life. The English Bulldog was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886. The English Bulldog is the official mascot for many high schools, universities, sport teams and the United States Marines. Celebrities such as: Pink, Adam Sandler, Olivia Wilde, John Legend, Reese Witherspoon and Willow Smith are proud owners of the English Bulldog. The Jack Russell Terrier was developed in England in the 1800’s. In 1819, a student by the name of John Russell purchased a small white and tan Terrier from a local milkman. He named the adorable dog Trump. The dog had the appearance of a Wire Fox Terrier but had smaller legs. Mr. Russell was an avid hunter and started breeding Trump. His goal was to develop a Terrier with high stamina and courage who would eagerly chase out a fox from his den. By the 1850’s Trump’s offspring were recognized as a breed. The Fox Terrier and the Jack Russell of today are descendants of Trump. The Fox Terrier Club was formed in 1875 and Mr. Russell was one of the founding members. In 1982, a Jack Russell named Bothy was part of the Transglobe Expedition. He became the first dog to travel to both the North and South poles with his owner Ranulph Fiennes and Charles Burton.