There are two varieties of Welsh Corgi, the Cardigan and the Pembroke. The Cardigan is one of the earliest known breeds of dog and is believed to have been brought to Cardiganshire, South Wales by Europeans in ancient times. The Pembroke is thought to have been brought to Pembrokeshire, Wales by Flemish weavers in the 1100s. Both types of the breed were used to herd cattle, ponies, and sheep. They were excellent for this job because their small stature kept them from getting kicked. The Welsh Corgi is thought to be named for the Celtic word meaning tiny dog and is related to the Dachshund, Swedish Vallhund, and other hounds. The Pembroke became especially popular when British royalty took a liking to the breed. Both Queen Elizabeth II and King George VI had dogs of this breed. The two varieties were considered one breed until 1934 when they were separated by the American Kennel Club (AKC). It continues to be a working dog but is also very popular as a watchdog and family pet. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is the 18th most popular breed in America while the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the 69th most popular. The Miniature Pinscher originated in the 17th century in Germany. The word pinscher is the German word for terrier. Contrary to its name, the Miniature Pinscher is not related to the Doberman Pinscher. This breed is thought to be a mix of the Italian Greyhound, Dachshund, and the German Pinscher. In the 1800s, the breeders focused on making the breed smaller and ended up causing deformities, although this was fixed by the 1900s. They became popular in America in the 1920s and was registered with the AKC in 1925. Today, it is the 68th most popular breed in the United States.