French Bulldog

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16-28 lbs
11-12"
France
Bouledogue Francais, Frenchie

The French Bulldog, nicknamed the Frenchie, is a small breed of Bulldog originally developed in the 1800s as a companion dog despite that its progenitors were developed to help with bull-baiting and pit fighting.  The French Bulldog was developed in Normandy, France as a companion and persists today in the same role.  Unfortunately, the French Bulldog is plagued by many potential health concerns and requires a loving home to look out for her.  Despite common health concerns, the French Bulldog is very easy to keep and does not require much exercise.  However, this breed being developed for companionship, requires a lot of human interaction. Otherwise, the French Bulldog may develop destructive habits.

Purpose
companion
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
mastiff, molossian

French Bulldog Health

Average Size
Height: 11-12 inches Weight: 17-28 lbs
Height: 11-12 inches Weight: 16-28 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Hemivertebrae
  • Brachycephalic Syndrome
Minor Concerns
  • Distichiasis
  • Cataracts
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Atopic Dermatitis
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Entropion
  • Demodicosis
Occasional Tests
  • Cardiac
  • Eye
  • Spine
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

French Bulldog Breed History

The French Bulldog is a descendent of the ancient Molossians, which gave rise to the Mastiffs and later the Bulldogs.  The Frenchie's Bulldog ancestor was originally bred for bull-baiting and then later for blood sport.  However, as England and the rest of Europe made blood sports illegal, the English Bulldog soon found himself without a job.  The English Bulldog was later outcrossed with small Terriers to reduce the Bulldog's size; thus giving rise to the line that would become the French Bulldog. The crossed English Bulldogs considered too small for English tastes were exported to France where they became in vogue as society companions to both high and low brow people.  French Bulldogs soon made their way west to the United States and by 1989, the French Bulldog was accepted as a companion breed by the American Kennel Club.  This companion breed continued to rise in popularity in Western Europe and the United States equally, and was considered a social status symbol.  At the turn of the 20th century, some French Bulldogs sold for as much as $3,000, which is equivalent to $35,000 today. Today, the French Bulldog still enjoys massive popularity and is set to top the Labrador in the UK as the most desirable dog.  The Lab has held his number one position for 27 years.  In the U.S., the Frenchie is in the top six of most desired dog breeds.  This increased popularity and demand for French Bulldogs has led to an illegal puppy trade and puppy mills that have less-than-safe practices.  The French Bulldog has the potential to have more congenital and developed health issues than many other small breeds, not to mention more than 81% of all French Bulldog litters must be delivered by cesarean (C-section).

French Bulldog Breed Appearance

The coat of a French Bulldog is smooth, short, and fine. Though many French Bulldogs are born with black coats with markings and no brindle, these color combinations disqualify a Standard Frenchie. The French Bulldog is heavy boned with a curious, alert look on their face.  The head is large and square with dark eyes, moderate-sized round eyes set far apart. Lighter eyes may be present in lighter coated dogs. The Frenchie’s ears are called “bat ears” because they are broad based, long, and end with rounded tips. The ears are carried erect and face forward, and the skull is flat between the ears. The muzzle is broad and laid back with a black nose. The upper lip is thick and hangs over the lower jaw at the sides. The underjaw is deep, square-shaped, and undershot. The French Bulldog’s forelegs are short and muscular and set wide apart. The feet and toes are compact and well split up. The hindquarters are slightly longer than the forelegs and strong, setting the loins above the shoulder at a downward angle. Like the forefeet and toes, the hind feet and toes are compact and split up. The tail is short but can be screwed, but never curly, and hung low with a thick root and fine tip.

Eye Color Possibilities
Blue
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
White
Black
Cream
Fawn
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

French Bulldog Breed Maintenance

The French Bulldog's coat is easy to maintain with minimal brushing.  Brushing your Frenchie once a week is sufficient to keep her clean and well groomed.  Bathing and shampooing should be avoided, if possible, due to this breed's increased chance of developing dermatitis.  Excessive bathing will strip the French Bulldog of much-needed oils that keep her skin healthy.  The Frenchie can have loose and wrinkled skin, especially on its face, and should be checked for dirt and debris to prevent infections. Unfortunately, French Bulldogs are more prone to tooth and mouth disease, so it is recommended that you brush your Frenchie's teeth at least three times a week and annual dental hygiene visits are highly recommended.  You should only use approved tools and cleaning agents recommended by your veterinarian or canine dental hygienist and consult with them to learn the best method of cleaning your dog's teeth. The French Bulldog is docile and well suited for apartment and urban living.  This breed is quiet and not very active.  The Frenchie doesn't tolerate too hot or too cold of climates and allergies can be a problem for this breed, so indoor living is preferred. The French Bulldog is a small dog that requires 1 to 1.5 cups of food divided into two meals, daily.  How much you feed your dog will depend on your Frenchie's age and metabolism.  This breed is not very active and is small, so overfeeding can easily occur.

Brushes for French Bulldog
Comb
Deshedder
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

French Bulldog Temperament

Like many other dogs bred for companionship, the French Bulldog requires a lot of interaction and close contact with its owner or this breed may develop separation anxiety.  Destructive behaviors may develop if a French Bulldog is ignored for too long.  This breed is very affectionate with children, and female French Bulldogs tend to be protective of children.  When introduced to dogs at a young age, this breed is exceptionally friendly towards other dogs as well as friendly towards strangers. The French Bulldog is not known to bark unless they are looking for attention and this breed requires minimal exercise due to its low energy level.  Strenuous physical activity is not recommended due to this breed’s brachycephalic complex and related difficulties with its respiratory functions. Training, as with other breeds, requires patience.  The French Bulldog is intelligent but not known to be overly smart or driven.  They enjoy a much slower pace but have a great love for their owners.  The French Bulldog’s potential to wander off is low but you should always keep your dog on a lead and close by you. 

French Bulldog Activity Requirements

A young French Bulldog will be most content with a daily trip to the dog park as well as a twice-a-day promenade to view the happenings in the neighborhood. As this breed matures, their needs will change as their activity level decreases. A walk once a day in addition to their bathroom breaks will be sufficient to keep them happy. Their love for attention will not decrease however, so be sure to spend time with your Frenchie in the yard as this breed loves to run and explore like all dogs do. If you and your dog are apartment dwellers,  outdoor diversions are still a must; a quick visit to the local dog run will go a long way. Because the French Bulldog can be prone to back issues like intervertebral disc disease, care should be taken to limit stairs and jumping. Their tolerance to heat is less than that of other breeds owing to their short face and smaller nose; humidity is a factor, too in how much exercise or walk time your Frenchie can take on a given day. Shade and plenty of water to drink are essential for this canine. Take note, however, that the French Bulldog is not a good swimmer. Never leave him unattended around the pool or pond.
Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes

French Bulldog Popularity

Popularity ranking
#6
Popular Hybrids
French Buillon
French Bulldog
Papillon
French Buillon
French Bull Dane
French Bulldog
Great Dane
French Bull Dane
French Bull Jack
French Bulldog
Jack Russell Terrier
French Bull Jack
French Bull Rat Terrier
French Bulldog
American Rat Terrier
French Bull Rat Terrier

French Bulldog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1.8 cups
Daily Cost
$1 - $2
Monthly Cost
$25 - $30

French Bulldog Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 6 inches Weight: 13 lbs
Height: 6 inches Weight: 13 lbs
12 Months
Height: 9 inches Weight: 17 lbs
Height: 9 inches Weight: 17 lbs
18 Months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 26 lbs
Height: 11 inches Weight: 25 lbs

Top French Bulldog Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable French Bulldog breeders of 2017.
Premier French Bulldogs
Chandler, Oklahoma
Rolling Hills Frenchies
West Plains, Missouri
Little Frenchie Kisses
Pinon Hills, California
Pin Oak Kennels
Purdy, Missouri
Allusion French Bulldogs
Murrieta, California
Jolie French Bulldogs
Santa Monica, California
Copen's French Bulldogs
Alameda, California
Kami Bulldogs
Camarillo, California
Carob French Bulldogs
Fallbrook, California
Starlette Frenchies
Peyton, Colorado

French Bulldog Owner Experiences