Home > Dog Breeds > Jack-A-Ranian
6-14 lbs
United States
Jack Russell Terrier
Jack Pom, Jackaranian, Pom-A-Jack, Pom Jack, Pap-I-Jack

Your Jack-A-Ranian hybrid will provide hours of love and entertainment with its playful and frisky antics.  The Jack-A-Ranian hybrid comes from the breeding of a Jack Russell Terrier with a Pomeranian.  While the Jack-A-Ranian hybrid originated in the United States, the parent breeds of Jack Russell Terrier originated in the United Kingdom and the Pomeranian in Germany and Poland.  The Jack Russell was bred for hunting and tracking activities while the Pomeranian was bred for companionship.  The Pomeranian was originally a canine breed which weighed in around 30 pounds but was later bred to be smaller, weighing in at under 10 pounds today.  Your Jack-A-Ranian hybrid will likely have a compact body with a thick, smooth or broken coat and will weigh in between 6 and 14 pounds when fully matured.  Jack-A-Ranian hybrids are known to be alert, gentle, friendly, intelligent, lively, loving, playful, social and protective.  They are also known to be frequent barkers and will need some training to control this trait.  Your furry family member will require moderate maintenance, specifically brushing several times a week to control the moderate shedding and to keep the coat clean and free of debris.

Companion, family pet
Date of Origin
Jack Russell Terrier, Pomeranian

Jack-A-Ranian Health

Average Size
Male Jack-A-Ranian size stats
Height: 6-10 inches Weight: 6-14 lbs
Female Jack-A-Ranian size stats
Height: 6-10 inches Weight: 6-14 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Deafness
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Collapsed Trachea
Minor Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
  • Eye Problems
  • Dental Problems
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Allergies
Occasional Tests
  • Eye Examinations
  • Dental Examinations
  • Ultrasonography
  • X-rays of various parts of the skeletal system
  • Various Blood Tests

Jack-A-Ranian Breed History

Your Jack-A-Ranian is the result of the breeding of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pomeranian.  This hybrid itself originated in the United States, probably in the late 1990’s, for the purpose of what seems to be mostly companionship.  Since it is a fairly new hybrid, there isn’t a great deal of information available on it and the historical questions of when, where and why can’t accurately be answered at this time.  The parent breeds, the Jack Russell Terrier and the Pomeranian, on the other hand, are well documented in history, dates and places of origination and the purposes for which they were bred.  The Jack Russell Terrier originated in the United Kingdom in the early 1800’s and was utilized for hunting and tracking.  The breed was large enough to keep up with the foxhounds of England but small enough to “go to ground” and rout a fox from its den.  It’s nose continues to work today but is primary purpose now seems to be that of family or individual companion with hunting only as a secondary function.  The Pomeranian is a breed that originated in Germany and Poland some time before 1870, when it became better known and was recognized by The Kennel Club (England).  Originally, the Pomeranian was a larger dog, weighing in at around 30 pounds, and it was a favorite of English Queen Victoria who fell in love with the a Pom named Marco in 1888 during a trip to France.  Today, the breed has been downsized to a weight of under 10 pounds and a height of 8 to 11 inches.  They are currently utilized for companionship and are truly a treasure and a delight to their human families. The Jack-A-Ranian is recognized by the following organizations: American Canine Hybrid Club, Designer Dogs Kennel Club, Dog Registry of America, Inc. and the International Designer Canine Registry.

Jack-A-Ranian Breed Appearance

Your Jack-A-Ranian hybrid is the product of the breeding of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pomeranian and, as such, can take on the appearance characteristics of either or both parent breeds.  Generally, the hybrid is described as having a compact body, a head that is well-balanced, a skull that is flat, with eyes that are almond-shaped, a black nose, prick ears and a tail that is high set.  Depending upon which breed parent is dominant in the gene pool, your hybrid will likely have a scissors bite, an alert and intelligent facial expression and round feet with thick pads.  His coat will likely be thick, smooth/broken and could be found in the following colors: brown and black, brindle, black and white, black, brown, cream, chocolate, brown and white, grey, golden, orange, silver, spotted and speckled.
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Jack-A-Ranian eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Jack-A-Ranian nose
Coat Color Possibilities
brown Jack-A-Ranian coat
black Jack-A-Ranian coat
brindle Jack-A-Ranian coat
white Jack-A-Ranian coat
cream Jack-A-Ranian coat
gray Jack-A-Ranian coat
silver Jack-A-Ranian coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Jack-A-Ranian straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Jack-A-Ranian Breed Maintenance

Your Jack-A-Ranian can be hypoallergenic if he inherits the Jack Russell Terrier coat.  He is considered to be a moderate shedder, so you should expect to vacuum regularly and more often during seasonal shedding periods. He will require brushing once or twice a week to remove dirt, debris and dead hair.  Occasional bathing as needed will help reduce parasitic development.  As with most canine breeds, attention should be given regularly to teeth brushing and dental checkups to avoid periodontal disease which can result in tooth loss over time.  Attention to his ears, checking for debris, parasites and excessive wax buildup, and the appropriate cleaning, can help to reduce the potential for ear infections.
Brushes for Jack-A-Ranian
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Jack-A-Ranian requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Jack-A-Ranian Temperament

Your Jack-A-Ranian hybrid, being a product of the breeding of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pomeranian, can have the personality traits of either or both of the parent breeds.  The Jack-A-Ranian hybrid has been described as alert, friendly, gentle, intelligent, lively, loving, playful, protective and social.  He is an extremely active little dog who loves to be with his human family and prefers this to being left alone and to himself.  He is usually great with kids and other family pets but early appropriate socialization will help his adjustment in these areas.  He is wary of strangers due to his terrier heritage and may be suspicious and aggressive.  He is described as being usually patient with children but he doesn’t like being abused or handled in a rough manner.  Because the Jack-A-Ranian is stubborn by nature, he is not easily trained and can be a challenge even for experienced handlers.  Calmness and assertiveness is recommended while training.  He is capable of high levels of energy and will need to be exercised daily to work it out -- this will help toward the avoidance of the inconvenience of destructive behavior that comes from pent up energy.

Jack-A-Ranian Activity Requirements

Your Jack-A-Ranian hybrid is an energetic product of the breeding of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Pomeranian.  The Jack Russell parent contributes high amounts of energy, coupled with the ability to jump quite high, straight up, from a standing position and the Pom parent is said to contribute similar amounts of energy to the bio mix.  Both parent breeds are quite intelligent and require mental challenge as well as physical to be happy and well adjusted.  Daily walks in the park, long periods of fetch or frisbee games, obedience training practice and various other types of training will help to keep him challenged.  If mental challenges are not provided, he will likely develop the habit of getting into mischief, sometimes wreaking havoc throughout the house.  He will require at least an hour daily of good physical activity and exercise to utilize the vast stores of energy potential he has inherited.  Because he is small, he is well suited to apartment and condo living, provided the owners are willing and committed to providing appropriate exercise opportunities for him.  He can live in the urban as well as the rural setting and will really love to run untethered in a fenced-in yard.  He has a moderate tolerance to heat and a good to very good tolerance to cold.
Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
9 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Jack-A-Ranian Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$25 - $30

Jack-A-Ranian Owner Experiences

14 Months
2 People
House & Yard
lovely temperament just cannot house train him now matter how hard we try he still does his business in the house wont even tell us he wants to go out
1 day, 12 hours ago
4 Years
1 People
Eating Snacks
Playing with teddys
I rescued my jackaranian at age 2. She is now 4. She is absolutely brilliant dog. Very easily trained her, very loyal and playful. Downsides to me is shedding and fussy. Shes is very alert, great watchdog and high energy
4 days, 1 hour ago
2 Years
9+ People
very energetic and loving. loves learing new things and interacting with everyone he meets.
1 week, 2 days ago
2 Years
4 People
House & Yard
Best dog in the world couldn't ask for a better companion.
1 week, 3 days ago
2 Months
4 People
House & Yard
Walking, playing
Not much. We just had him 2 days ago
1 month, 3 weeks ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd