Canadian Eskimo

55-70 lbs
Qimmiq, Canadian Inuit Dog, Esquimaux Dog, Esquimaux Husky

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a very old pure breed that, as stated in the name, originates from Canada. These dogs were a big part of the life of the Eskimo and Inuit people, who took advantage of their strength and abilities as sled dogs. The Canadian Eskimo Dogs were cared for by the women, and were, therefore, experienced and gentle around children. This trait remains today with proper socialization and care. Although this breed is well behaved around other dogs in their pack, they can be aggressive towards dogs that they do not know. As they were bred for pulling heavy sleds across large areas, this breed is very active and will need lots of exercise. Keep in mind that these dogs are suited for the cold climate of the Arctic, and do not do very well in the heat.

purpose Purpose
Working, Hunting
history Date of Origin
Ancient Times
ancestry Ancestry
Spitz-type Dogs

Canadian Eskimo Health

Average Size
Male Canadian Eskimo size stats
Height: 28-38 inches Weight: 70-90 lbs
Female Canadian Eskimo size stats
Height: 22-28 inches Weight: 55-70 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Addison's Disease
  • Gastric Dilation Volvulus
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
  • Allergies
  • Hepatitis
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Cryptorchidism
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Allergy Tests
  • Blood Analysis
  • Complete Physical Examination

Canadian Eskimo Breed History

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a breed that has an unclear origin although it is thought to be first descendant of spitz-type canines and is also thought to be related to the Greenland Dog. Most commonly found in the Arctic, the breed dates back as far as 4000 years ago among the Eskimo people of Greenland and Alaska. They are a popular choice for Arctic explorers in both the North and South poles and can also be found among the Inuit people, who call these dogs Qimmiq. Years ago, the Inuits would use the frozen urine of the Canadian Eskimo Dog as an ingredient in medicine, and their fur was also very valuable. During famines, they would sometimes use the dogs as food. They were skilled sled dogs who were capable of pulling sleds with a heavy weight from one point to another over lengthy distance. The Canadian Eskimo Dog was also used for hunting. The need for these dogs decreased as snowmobiles became more popular, and the numbers also decreased from 1950 through 1970 when the Royal Canadian Mounted Police would kill the sled dogs. Reasons for these actions are debated, with an investigation saying it was for health reasons and the Inuits claiming it was a way to intimidate them. However, the breed was saved from extinction with a breeding program established in the late 1980s between the Canadian Eskimo Dog Research Foundation, the Canadian Kennel Club, and the Canadian Government.  In the 2000s, when the Inuit people in Greenland found a renewed interest in their heritage and culture, the dogs became more known, although they are still considered to be a rare breed. 

Canadian Eskimo Breed Appearance

Overall, the Canadian Eskimo Dog has an appearance which is similar to the Malamute or the Husky. Males are large and powerful, and the females are built a bit finer and have shorter coats. This purebred breed has a naturally thick and dense coat and stiff hairs that helps them to brave the harsh cold. The Canadian Eskimo Dog also has a mane of fur around the neck which is more prominent in males than females. They are powerful dogs with thick necks and deep chests, with wedge shaped heads and small ears that are pricked and naturally upright. The eyes are almond shaped and either a dark brown or amber.  Their legs are medium in size. These dogs have tails which curl over their backs like a typical Husky. The Canadian Eskimo Dog can be found in a variety of colors, including white, red, grey, sable, silver, black and liver.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Canadian Eskimo eyes
amber Canadian Eskimo eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Canadian Eskimo nose
brown Canadian Eskimo nose
Coat Color Possibilities
white Canadian Eskimo coat
red Canadian Eskimo coat
gray Canadian Eskimo coat
sable Canadian Eskimo coat
black Canadian Eskimo coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Canadian Eskimo straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Canadian Eskimo Breed Maintenance

Canadian Eskimo Dogs will usually be fine with regular brushing, although you may want to increase the frequency as the weather warms up and they begin shedding. Brushing is always necessary in order to remove mats and tangles. These dogs will also need to have their teeth brushed every day, or at least two or three times per week. This will ensure that their teeth and gums stay in good health and also that their breath remains nice and fresh. They will also need to have their nails clipped most likely once or twice per month, although the exact frequency depends on how active the dog is. If you can hear your dog clicking on the floor when they walk, it is an indication that their nails are overdue to be trimmed. All dogs will also need to have their ears gently wiped clean every week. This will help to prevent ear infections or to catch them early if they are developing.

Brushes for Canadian Eskimo
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Canadian Eskimo requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Canadian Eskimo Temperament

These dogs have long been associated with humans and are therefore very affectionate and gentle pets. They are responsive dogs who will love to please their owners but can be noisy and vocal at times. This breed is alert and makes a good watchdog, as they are also brave and loyal. Their high intelligence level also makes them easy to train. They are playful and energetic around children and well suited to a home with kids. They are also very pack oriented and get along well with other dogs that respect their place in the pack. This dog can be aggressive towards other dogs who are not part of their pack, and may get into fights. Other pets should be kept away as well, since these dogs will consider smaller animals as prey. They can also be a destructive breed which may lead to chewing and other unwanted behaviors. It is very important that these big dogs are given plenty of daily exercise.

Canadian Eskimo Activity Requirements

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a breed which is suited to the cold and harsh climates of the Arctic. Because of this, these dogs are suited to sub-zero temperatures and are not very adaptable. With their thick coats, they could easily overheat in warm weather and should not be exercised very much during the summer. These dogs were bred to pull heavy sleds across the land, and therefore have lots of energy. This breed is usually too large and active to be comfortable living in an apartment, although it can be done as long as they are exercised enough. They are active inside as well as out, and should ideally live in a home with a large fenced in yard. They need to be taken on daily walks and need 40 minutes of exercise minimum per day.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes
activity minutes

Canadian Eskimo Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $1.90
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$39.00 - $52.00
food bag monthly cost

Canadian Eskimo Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Canadian Eskimo size stats at six months
Height: 18.0 inches Weight: 55.0 lbs
Female Canadian Eskimo size stats at six months
Height: 12.0 inches Weight: 40.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Canadian Eskimo size stats at 12 months
Height: 25.0 inches Weight: 68.0 lbs
Female Canadian Eskimo size stats at 12 months
Height: 20.0 inches Weight: 45.0 lbs
18 Months
Male Canadian Eskimo size stats at 18 months
Height: 35.0 inches Weight: 80.0 lbs
Female Canadian Eskimo size stats at 18 months
Height: 22.0 inches Weight: 47.0 lbs

Canadian Eskimo Owner Experiences

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