Clumber Spaniel

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55-70 lbs
17-19"
England
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Consider to be the oldest and stockiest of the spaniel breeds, the Clumber spaniel dates back to the 1700s. While the precise origin of this dog is not known, some say that its ancestors include the Alpine spaniel, the basset hound, and the St. Bernard.
Purpose
bird flushing and retrieving
Date of Origin
1700s
Ancestry
gundog, spaniel

Clumber Spaniel Health

Average Size
Height: 19-20 inches Weight: 70-85 lbs
Height: 17-19 inches Weight: 55-70 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Entropion
  • CHD
Minor Concerns
  • Ectropion
  • Intervertebral Disc Problems
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Hip

Clumber Spaniel Breed History

It is believed that the name for this breed originated during the French Revolution when the Duc de Noailles of France decided to move his spaniel kennels to Clumber Park, the English estate of the Duke of Newcastle. The breed caught the attention of British nobility, and several monarchs were known to have kept this type of dog, including Prince Albert, King Edward, and King George V. The Clumber was not generally available to common people, because the upper class discouraged its popularity except within their social circles. It is said that the nobility appreciated the dog’s keen sense of smell and its abilities as a retriever. The Clumber spaniel was among the first breeds shown in England, and the breed came to America in the late 1800s. However, it is not a well-known dog in the United States.

Clumber Spaniel Breed Appearance

Rectangular in shape and heavy in bone, the Clumber spaniel is a long dog that is low to the ground. The short front legs are straight and heavy with bone. The large yet compact front feet are round and feature thick pads which act as shock absorbers. The thighs are well muscled, and the back feet are smaller and less round but still compact with thick pads. The Clumber spaniel has a massive head with a heavy brow and a slight furrow runs between the eyes. The dark amber eyes are large and offer a soft expression. The triangular-shaped ears are broad at the top, have a rounded lower edge, and are set low on the skull – approximately at eye level. The broad, deep muzzle allows the dog to retrieve many species of game. The large, square nose is usually found in shades of brown, including beige, rose, and cherry. The jaw features teeth that meet in a scissors bite. A long, muscular neck flows smoothly into the shoulders, leading to a level, firm back. The tail can be docked or left natural, and it is generally well feathered. The g ait of the Clumber spaniel can be described as free and easy. The coat of the Clumber is described as dense, straight, and flat. It has a weather-resistant texture and is soft to the touch. The ears feature slight feathering, and more feathering can be found on the legs and stomach. This breed also has a frill on the neck. The coat is primarily with lemon color or orange color markings. Markings can usually be found on the ears and the face.

Clumber Spaniel Breed Maintenance

Regular grooming is important in order to keep the coat of the Clumber spaniel in good condition. It should be brushed two or three times a week, and occasional trimming is recommended. Pay special attention to the ears and eyes by cleaning and inspecting them on a regular basis. This breed has a tendency to develop an irritation of the ear. The Clumber is considered to be a heavy shedder. Exercise, while important for the Clumber spaniel, is easy to provide by long walks on a leash or running in a field. This breed is generally inactive indoors, so a small yard is recommended. The Clumber also loves to swim. It will be fine living in an apartment as long as sufficient exercise and play is provided. This breed is quite active as a puppy, and it slows down considerably as it ages. It can easily gain weight. Some Clumber spaniels will drool and snore.

Clumber Spaniel Breed Activity Requirements

While a hunter at heart, the Clumber spaniel is considered to be one of the most easygoing of sporting breeds. It is a quiet and gentle dog that gets along well with children and other pets, and it tends to be devoted to one person. This dog is very affectionate and playful, but it can have a tendency to be stubborn. It is usually reserved with strangers and not particularly outgoing with people that are not family members. Training is usually quite easy, as this breed has a good memory and a desire to please its owner. Gentle training is recommended, as the Clumber does not respond well to sharp discipline. Overall, this breed is very well behaved. As an adult, it is not terribly active. It does enjoy chewing and fetching, so be sure to provide these types of outlets.