Crested Schnauzer

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10-15 lbs
11-14"
Unknown
Crested Mini Schnauzer

The Crested Schnauzer is a hybrid dog, a combination between two very different ratting dogs, one, the Miniature Schnauzer, employed on farms throughout Germany in the late 1800s and the other, the Chinese Crested, on ships as early as the 1500s. These two breeds have quite different appearances, both in structure and in coat coverage and texture, and their offspring can vary a great deal from dog to dog, even within the same litter, although they will always be small. These dogs are high-spirited, intelligent, and playful, but they can also be reserved or nervous with strangers if not properly socialized.

Purpose
Companion
Date of Origin
Unknown
Ancestry
Chinese Crested, Miniature Schnauzer

Crested Schnauzer Health

Average Size
Height: 11-14 inches Weight: 10-15 lbs
Height: 11-14 inches Weight: 10-15 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Urolithiasis
  • Eye Problems
  • Sick Sinus Syndrome
Minor Concerns
  • Allergies
  • Skin Problems
  • Diabetes
  • Sunburn
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Heart
  • Skin Scraping
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Crested Schnauzer Breed History

The Crested Schnauzer is an intentional crossbreed known as a designer dog, in this case, a cross between a dog used to eliminate parasite carrying vermin from ships, the Chinese Crested, and a highly efficient German ratting Terrier called the Miniature Schnauzer. The Chinese Crested dog is a very old breed, and despite its name, it was not actually developed in China. At some point in the 1500’s, Chinese traders obtained these small dogs from distant ports and began using them to sell and barter with, often trading them to be vermin hunters on ships. We can only speculate as to which ports they were originally obtained from because they were popular with sailors from many nations and were quickly distributed at ports throughout the known world. They were popularized in America in the 1900’s and were eligible to compete in the miscellaneous class of the American Kennel Club in 1955, but dropped from eligibility just ten years later. It took twenty years for the Chinese Crested breed to regain that status and another six to be further recognized in 1991 as a breed in the toy group. Although they have not yet managed a Best in Show win at the prestigious Westminster Dog Show held in New York each year, Chinese Crested dogs, both purebred and mixed, have taken the top place in ten of the World’s Ugliest Dog competitions since it started in 2000. The Miniature Schnauzer as we know it today is a slightly newer breed, although the original Schnauzer that it is derived from dates back to the middle ages in one form or another. The distinctive wiry coat and coloration began appearing after German dog fanciers crossed it with the Poodle from Germany and the gray Wolfspitz, better known as the Keeshond, sometime in the mid-1800s. Towards the end of the 1800s, the Miniature Schnauzer was developed not only by breeding the smallest of the Schnauzers together, but also by breeding them with other small Terrier and Pinscher type dogs. Possible contributors to the breed most likely include Wire Fox Terriers and Affenpinscher breeds, and it wasn’t until 1888 that the first Miniature Schnauzer was recorded in a German stud book. North American breeders began working with and breeding Miniature Schnauzers as early as 1924 and they were accepted as a distinct breed by the AKC in 1926. Although this crossbreed may still have some of the instinct and drive to hunt down rats or mice, most will most likely enjoy the life of a companion animal. 

Crested Schnauzer Breed Appearance

The Crested Schnauzer is a small dog, and will typically be well proportioned; somewhere between the thin and elegant shape of the Chinese Crested and the nearly square, sturdy conformation of the Miniature Schnauzer. They may inherit the elegant and fragile structure of the Chinese Crested’s head or the sturdy rectangular head shape of the Schnauzer and will typically have dark brown eyes in an oval or almond shape, although lighter colored dogs may have lighter brown eyes. Their triangular or V-shaped ears sit high on this hybrid’s head and may either stand erect or flop forwards or to the side. Although this hybrid can come in almost any color, they are most frequently seen in the black, gray, and silver combinations that are characteristic of the Miniature Schnauzer. The texture of the outer coat may be either the silky texture of the Chinese Crested, or more likely, the hard, wiry coat of the Schnauzer. 

Crested Schnauzer Breed Maintenance

The maintenance for this dog will vary somewhat depending on which kind of coat they inherited. Crested Schnauzer dogs that are mostly hairless will require more frequent baths, though brushing takes just a very short amount of time, whereas the full coated variety typically requires fewer baths, with combing and brushing required several times a week in order to prevent tangles and mats from forming. The skin of the Chinese Crested dog is prone to irritation, particularly in the hairless variety, and the Crested Schnauzer may inherit this trait as well. This means that getting a good, non-irritating dog shampoo is essential for this canine’s health, as is checking for any problems like rashes, acne, or swelling whenever you bathe your pet. If the outer coat resembles that of the Schnauzer, regular clipping or hand stripping may also be required to keep this wiry fur clean and healthy. 

Crested Schnauzer Temperament

The Crested Schnauzer is a spunky and high-spirited animal, more affectionate than the typical Schnauzer but less prone to separation anxiety caused by the sometimes needy temperament of the Chinese Crested dog. This crossbreed will be happiest and most manageable with they are fully integrated into family activities, and as both parent breeds are inquisitive animals, mental stimulation will be needed throughout the day to keep them from finding trouble. They are intelligent, making them fairly easy to train and prone to trying to train you. Training sessions should remain consistent with this breed throughout their lives in order to engage their mind and curb manipulative behaviors. Although they will do quite well with well-behaved older children, the Crested Schnauzer may not be an appropriate companion for very small children or rowdy children. There a risk of jealous behavior from the Chinese Crested genetics, and the Miniature Schnauzer can have a variable temperament, and while some are excellent with children, others can be snappy and defensive. There is also a risk of injury to the dog due to unintentionally rough or clumsy handling by the child. 

Crested Schnauzer Activity Requirements

The activity requirements for the Crested Schnauzer are relatively undemanding and they are typically satisfied with forty to sixty minutes of vigorous activity a day although breaking these sessions up into several smaller chunks of time may be more beneficial. These little canines are well suited to living in smaller spaces with several short walks or energetic indoor play sessions a day, however, some individuals will be prone to excessive barking or even howling, making them noisy neighbors. They are curious and active animals and mental stimulation of some sort will be needed in order to prevent destructive or manipulative behaviors from starting due to boredom. It is important not to leave this mixed breed outside on their own, even in a fenced yard; the Chinese Crested is a notorious climber of fences and the Schnauzer is a terrier and it will attempt to dig under those fences this dog can’t get over.

Crested Schnauzer Owner Experiences