Dogo Canario

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83-110 lbs
22-24"
Canary Islands
Perro de Presa Canario, Canary Mastiff, Canary Dog, Presa Canario

The Dogo Canario requires an experienced dog owner. He can become a dangerous dog if not properly trained and handled. The Dogo, as he is affectionately called, is not good with small children. There have been reports where Dogo Canarios have killed people when they have not been properly trained. He is large, headstrong and very powerful. But he is not a horrible dog; when properly trained and handled, the Dogo Canario can be docile, obedient and loving. He requires socialization early and training to begin no later than 8 weeks of age. The Dogo Canario should never be allowed to walk off-leash and when leashed, he should never be allowed to walk in front of his owner. 

Purpose
Working Livestock
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
Bardino Majero, English Mastiff

Dogo Canario Health

Average Size
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 110-130 lbs
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 83-110 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Panosteitis
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
Minor Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Demodectic Mange
  • Epilepsy
  • Bloat
  • Hypothyroidism
  • ACL Tears
Occasional Tests
  • Elbow
  • Hip & Eye
  • Skeletal
  • Skin Scraping
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Dogo Canario Breed History

It is speculated that the Dogo Canario originated from the Bardino Majero and the English Mastiff. The Bardino Majero is not extinct but was native to the Canary Islands. The first documentation of the Dogo Canario dates back to the 1800s while he was used as a farm utility dog. Archivists claim that the Dogo Canario actually dates all the way back to the 15th or 16th century and were brought to the Canary Islands by Spanish conquistadores. The Dogo Canario was used as a catch dog. He was given the job of catching unruly cattle and killing wild boars. He became the livestock guardian dog for many farmers. He even protected livestock from rustlers. With the Dogo Canario’s powerful build and aggressive nature, he was also used as entertainment in dog fights. When dog fighting became outlawed in the 1940s and other dogs such as the American Pit Bull Terrier became more popular, the Dogo Canario’s popularity waned. Breed enthusiasts began working towards preserving the breed in the 1970s. In 1982, the Dogo Canario had his first breed club on the Canary Islands. The United Kennel Club officially recognized the Dogo Canario in 2003. The International All Breed Canine Association also recognized the Dogo Canario in 2003 as a rare breed. The American Kennel Club allowed the Dogo Canario to become part of its Foundation Stock Service in 1996. There are not enough Dogo Canario dogs registered within the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service to become an officially recognized AKC breed.

Dogo Canario Breed Appearance

The Dogo Canario has a square shaped head that looks powerful and imposing. His head should be nearly as wide as it is long with a broad muzzle. His chest needs to be deep and broad. The Dogo Canario usually has short, cropped ears that stand upright. He has a single coat that is short and flat with a harsh texture. His coat is very short and fine on his ears and head. It is only slightly longer on the rest of his body. The Dogo Canario can be black, fawn, brindle, silver fawn, red fawn or red brindle. His face has to have a black or very dark brown mask. However, his mask cannot extend over his eyes. There can be a white blaze or patch on the head. He can also have small white markings on his chest, throat or toes. White markings that cover more than 20 percent of his body is extremely undesirable. 

Dogo Canario Breed Maintenance

The Dogo Canario can be a high maintenance dog simply because of the amount time and energy needed to train and exercise him. He needs long walks daily that includes training while you walk. He should never be allowed to walk in front of his handler. The Dogo Canario should never be given the opportunity to take over the pack leader’s position. Even though he has a short, single coat, the Dogo Canario will shed. His coat is easy to groom and he should be groomed at least once a week using a firm bristle brush. After brushing he can be sprayed with a finishing spray and wiped down using a towel to make his coat shine. He does not need to be bathed often and many times can just be bathed with a dry shampoo. Ears should be cleaned regularly as well as nails being trimmed. His teeth should also be cleaned regularly to avoid any dental disease.

Dogo Canario Temperament

The Dogo Canario requires an experienced dog owner who is willing to be the pack leader. The Dogo Canario can become a dangerous dog if not trained or handled properly. He is distrustful of strangers and is always alert. He is not a child’s dog and homes with young children are not ideal for the Dogo Canario. He does require extensive exercise and training that is continuous through his lifetime. The Dogo Canario should never be given the opportunity to become pack leader and if part of a family, he should hold the lowest part of the pecking order. He is an excellent guard dog but can easily become aggressive if left to defend his territory on his own. The Dogo Canario can also be dog aggressive and is not recommended to be part of a multi-dog home unless he is kept separate from others. Early socialization is required for the Dogo Canario to become a loving companion. He is strong-willed and can be destructive and aggressive without proper training. A secure, tall fence is required to contain him in his yard. 

Dogo Canario Owner Experiences