English King

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10-16 lbs
11-12"
United States, United Kingdom
English Cocker Spaniel
Australian Shepherd
English Cavalier King

The English King is a toy breed mix between the closely related English Spaniel and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. English Kings are known for being “merry” and affectionate family pets. In fact, this breed is so people-oriented that it is susceptible to separation anxiety. Thus, human companionship is a must for English Kings! They have an average lifespan for toys breeds at 9 to 14 years. They typically weigh between 10 and 16 pounds and grow to be a height of 11 to 12 inches tall. Their ample coat comes in many colors common to both parent breed and requires weekly brushing. Though this hybrid is believed to have existed for a while, it is not fully stable in appearance and temperament. As such, English Kings are not currently recognized by the American Kennel Club.  

Purpose
Companion
Date of Origin
Unknown
Ancestry
English Toy Spaniel, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

English King Health

Average Size
Height: 11-12 inches Weight: 10-16 lbs
Height: 11-12 inches Weight: 10-16 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia (Chd)
  • Mitral Valve Disease
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Cataracts
  • Retinal Dysplasia
Occasional Diagnoses
  • None
Occasional Tests
  • Internal Imaging (x-ray, CT scan, MRI, etc.)
  • Ophthalmic Examination
  • Orthopedic Exam
  • Electrocardiograph (ECG - measures rate and rhythm)
  • Holter monitoring (24-hour ECG)
  • Echocardiography (ultrasound)
  • Blood Pressure Evaluation

English King Breed History

The English King’s name is a combination of its two parent breeds: the English Toy Spaniel and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. These two parent breeds have intertwined histories. They originated from the same ancestors in Asia – likely ancient Japan or China. Early versions of Spaniel mixes popped up in Europe around the 17th century. During that time, there were four color combinations that were classed as separate breeds: King Charles (black and tan), Prince Charles (white, tan, and black), Blenheim (red and white), and Ruby (red). The King Charles Spaniel was named after its biggest fan of the era, King Charles II. Over the centuries, King Charles Spaniels were bred haphazardly and varied widely in appearance. This changed when American financier, Roswell Eldridge, traveled to England to buy two Spaniels in the 1920s. He restored breed stability by offering prizes to breeders for King Charles Spaniels that most resembled the dogs depicted alongside King Charles II in artwork and literary accounts. Also around this time, the prefix “Cavalier” was added to the breed’s name. In 1952, the first Cavalier King Charles Spaniels were brought to the United States, and they were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1996. Spaniel mixes that were not siphoned into the “Cavalier” offshoot were grouped together as one breed in 1904. They are now known generally as English Toy Spaniels. This breed is smaller and has a flatter nose than the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel due to breeding with Pugs in the early 1900s. Because the two parent breeds are very similar, this hybrid is relatively common, widely recognized, and popular in the United States and United Kingdom. Nonetheless, English Kings are not recognized by the American Kennel Club and breeders mating the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and English Toy Spaniels should be thoroughly researched if you are considering purchasing a puppy from them.

English King Breed Appearance

The English King has a bouncy gait and square, compact build. It has an average weight of 10 to 16 pounds and height of 11 to 12 inches. Its coat is medium length, slightly wavy, and has a silky texture. English Kings come in multicolor combinations of black, tan, white, ruby, red, with tan and white markings. They have ample feathering around the ears, chest, and legs. This breed’s medium-length tail is also feathered, generously coated, and relatively high-set on its hindquarters. English Kings have laid-back shoulders and compact, well-cushioned paws – presumably evolved for outdoor sporting activities. This breed has a gentle expression with large, dark and round eyes, low-set floppy ears, as well as a short muzzle with an undershot bite.

Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
Black
White
Red
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

English King Breed Maintenance

English Kings shed moderately and need frequent grooming for their flowing and silky coats. Weekly brushing with a comb and pin brush is recommended to reduce matting and tangles, as well as control shedding. Note that owners should be particularly diligent about combing the heavily feathered areas of the coat. Some owners opt for professional grooming if their English King’s coat is particularly long. English Kings should be bathed monthly, and owners should pay careful attention to cleaning their pendulous ears to avoid wax build up and infection. English Kings should also have their teeth brushed daily and nails clipped once or twice a month.

Brushes for English King
Pin Brush
Comb
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

English King Temperament

These affectionate and gentle animals are friendly to everyone and make wonderful family pets that demand constant human companionship. English Kings are playful and love engaging with children of all ages, as well as socializing with other dogs. They tend to be very sensitive to their surroundings and do better in stable environments with a structured daily schedule. Since English Kings are eager to please their owners, they are a breeze to train. Additionally, their small size makes them very convenient for urban or apartment living. Note, however, that this breed has a lot of energy and needs daily exercise regardless of what type of household it lives in. If English Kings become restless or upset, they will let you know by barking or whining. This breed does not have strong tendencies to hunt or wander, so you can count on English Kings to stick by their owners at all times.

English King Activity Requirements

The English King is an agile and playful breed that requires daily exercise and lots of attention to stay happy and healthy. English Kings love daily walks and trips to the dog park, as well as playing indoors with their owners. They will eagerly engage in games like fetch and tug-of-war. English Kings will also be happy to relax indoors with their owners. As such, it is important to incorporate an equal balance of play and rest in your English King’s schedule. Note that this breed is well suited for all types of climates; however, they should not be exposed to very hot or cold temperature since small dogs are susceptible to dangerous changes in body temperature in extreme conditions.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
7 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

English King Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$20 - $30

English King Owner Experiences

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