German Pinscher

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50-70 lbs

Shiny, elegant, and strong, the German Pinscher is the definition of nobility. The German Pinscher is a medium-sized breed said to have originated in Germany in the 1600s when he was bred to the Black and Tan Terrier, which led to the creation of the Rattenfanger. The Rattenfanger was an excellent watchdog and ratter who would not stop until he completed his mission. The German Pinscher stands tall, averaging about knee-high length to the average person, with pronounced muscles beneath his shiny coat. His head is wedge-shaped and his eyes remain dark and alert. His expression is that of an eager breed. The German Pinscher makes an effective companion and is always up for a new task. The German Pinscher's original purpose was to catch rodents although now he is most often seen as a guard dog, companion, and working dog.  The German Pinscher prefers to take his time in getting to know you and will often have a guarded disposition. It is said that he fares best in a home without energetic children. This canine is said to be protective of his family and his property. If provided with sufficient training, the German Pinscher is said to have an even temperament towards people. Relatively easy to maintain, this dog is an average shedder and will need to have weekly brushing. He'll be most content in a home where he will have space to roam around. The German Pinscher needs daily exercise to stimulate his mind so he does not grow bored, making him a pet for someone who likes to keep busy.

Date of Origin

German Pinscher Health

Average Size
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 65-90 lbs
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 50-70 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Congenital Heart Defect
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
Occasional Tests
  • Cardiac
  • Eye
  • Hip
  • Dna Test For Vwd
  • Thyroid Tests

German Pinscher Breed History

The German Pinscher's name originates from Germany and refers to a Fox Terrier Breed. It is believed that the word “pinscher” was borrowed from the English word “pinch”, a reference to the cropping of ears. The German Pinscher dates back to the 1600s when his ancestors were bred with the Rattenfanger. The Rattenfanger was a sufficient watchdog and ratter, successful at hunting and catching rodents. The Rattenfanger was originally bred with Black and Tan Terriers in order to create the early German Pinscher. The Rattenfanger began to be used as a working dog around the stables and was an effective breed. In 1884, the first standard for the Pinscher was created but did not become popular due to outbreak of the World Wars. There was a period of time in the early 1900s where the Pinscher was close to becoming extinct due to the lack of breeding. In 1958, four larger Miniature Pinschers became responsible for bringing back the German Pinscher from the brink of extinction. They were registered with the Pinscher-Schnauzer Klub of West Germany. In East Germany, three of the four Miniature Pinschers were bred to a female Pinscher. This helped revive the German Pinscher breed. Opinions differ, but it is thought that the German Pinscher is partly responsible for the development of the Doberman breed. In the late 1970s, the German Pinscher was introduced in the United States. In 2001, the German Pinscher was entered into the Miscellaneous class of the AKC. In 2003, the German Pinscher was officially recognized by the AKC. 

German Pinscher Breed Appearance

The German Pinscher is a medium-sized breed with a short, smooth and fine coat. His stance is elegant as well as his appearance. The German Pinscher has a square build, allowing him to be powerful in endurance and agility. His shoulders are properly sloped and well-muscled. The front legs are straight and appear to be vertical when observed from other angles. His hindquarters feature strong thighs and remain balanced with his forequarters. The German Pinscher's paws are round and compact with dark nails. His paws are arched to look like cat toes. His head is elongated and creates an expression of intelligent and elegance. His ears are symmetrical and are set high on his skull. Cropped ears are erect, if present while natural ears present as “V”-shaped and folded. His muzzle is lengthy and blunt at the end. His neck is strong and thick and the gait of this breed is well-balanced with excellent reach. The German Pinscher's coat is smooth, short, and dense. There are a variety of color combinations such as” black, blue, brown, fawn, and red. The German Pinscher may also have markings on the lips, cheeks, feet, throat, and above the eyes.

Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

German Pinscher Breed Maintenance

The German Pinscher maintains a relatively simple grooming upkeep. The German Pinscher has a smooth, short and shiny coat. He is considered to be an average shedding breed, which calls for weekly brushing with a rubber curry brush. Bathing should be limited to every 4 to 6 weeks and is necessary to help reduce the overproduction of oils in his skin. The German Pinscher is not considered to be a hypoallergenic breed and may pose an allergy risk to people. The German Pinscher does not have a smell. This breed does require much mental and physical stimulation so he does not get bored. Daily walks should be provided if possible. The German Pinscher would fare best in a living arrangement where he would have a fenced-in yard that is spacious enough to allow him to roam far distances with exercise. The German Pinscher is quick on his feet and will chase anything that moves. As long as he is provided with sufficient exercise and play, the German Pinscher will succeed in his home. This dog  does best in a climate that does not become too extreme with weather due to his smooth, fine coat. The German Pinscher does not have a specific diet.

Brushes for German Pinscher
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

German Pinscher Temperament

The German Pinscher is full of energy and can become mischievous if he is not trained. The German Pinscher will only bark when he feels it is needed. He loves to be around familiar people and serve as their companion. Known to be clever and intelligent, this breed needs constant motivation and praise. The German Pinscher can be wary of strangers and will need to be trained to accept them. He is a strong leader who will not back down from another dog's challenges towards him. The German Pinscher thrives best in a living arrangement where there are no energetic children as he may become guarded against them. He would thrive best with older and patient children. The German Pinscher is very protective of his family and would defend them against foes. This breed is known to chase cats and small animals; therefore, it is essential to provide early socialization with such animals to prevent the habit. The German Pinscher needs lot of praise and attention to be successfully trained, but when he is trained, he can provide you with the best of tricks.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes

German Pinscher Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $1.9
Monthly Cost
$39 - $52

German Pinscher Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 40 lbs
Height: 17 inches Weight: 32 lbs
12 Months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 60 lbs
Height: 21 inches Weight: 52 lbs
18 Months
Height: 25 inches Weight: 77 lbs
Height: 23 inches Weight: 60 lbs

Top German Pinscher Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable German Pinscher breeders of 2017.
Regalane German Pinchers
Mount Hood, Oregon
Stone Angel German Pinschers
North Yarmouth, Maine
Y Not Pinschers
Winston, Georgia
Oakwood German Pinschers
Tenino, Washington
USA German Pinschers
Big Bear Lake, California

German Pinscher Owner Experiences