German Spaniel

40-55 lbs
Deutscher Wachtelhund

The German Spaniel is a well-muscled, medium sized dog that is used as a gun dog and as a family companion. He is a rare breed outside of his native Germany but is fairly popular with German hunters and gamekeepers. Overall, he is a friendly dog that does well with everyone, although he can be overwhelming to small children. He can be somewhat stubborn and does require a strong leader. Training should never be mundane but should keep him guessing what will happen next. The German Spaniel does need a fenced yard to keep him from hunting throughout the neighborhood. 

purpose Purpose
Versatile Gundog
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
Spaniel, Stober Dog

German Spaniel Health

Average Size
Male German Spaniel size stats
Height: 19-21 inches Weight: 40-55 lbs
Female German Spaniel size stats
Height: 18-20 inches Weight: 40-55 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Skin Allergies
Occasional Diagnoses
  • None Known
Occasional Tests
  • OFA
  • Skin Scraping
  • Complete Physical Examination
  • Allergy Testing

German Spaniel Breed History

The German Spaniel is thought to have originated from the Stober Dog. The Stober Dog is documented back to the 1600s before the start of the German Revolution. The Stober Dog was created by aristocrats to be used as a pointer. He was also found to be excellent at flushing game. Once the German Revolution was over, commoners were able to own Stober Dogs. But they soon found that they needed a more versatile hunting dog because they could not afford to have multiple hunting dogs. The German Spaniel was developed. The German Spaniel is an interesting breed that was developed as a versatile gundog and used to flush game out of the underbrush. He is an ideal bird dog as well, since he can easily be trained to kill small game without mutilating it. In 1900, the German Kennel Club asked specialized breed clubs to establish performance tests and standards for the German Spaniel. These breed clubs were also given the task of setting up and maintaining breed specific pedigrees and performance results for the German Spaniel. The official breed club, Verein fur Deutscher Wachtelhund, was established in 1903. In 1908, performance tests were approved and implemented and the official breed standard was accepted by the official breed club in 1910. There were initially eleven officially recognized and registered German Spaniels and all German Spaniels that are registered can trace their lineage to these dogs. There were seven females and four males first registered. Almost all German Spaniels in Germany are owned by professional hunters and foresters and the general population knows almost nothing about the breed. He is not typically kept as just a family companion in Germany. It is a long process for owners to get their German Spaniel officially registered into the German Spaniel Association’s breeding book. Only dogs that have achieved this registration status can be bred and their offspring potentially registered. Owners of the German Spaniel must have them performance tested to ensure they are capable of performing the job in which they were bred. All German Spaniels in Germany must have successfully concluded their juvenile hunt tests before they are 18 months old. After he passes the juvenile hunt tests, he must then pass three more levels of performance tests before he is subjected to the final German versatile hunt test. Once the dog passes all performance tests to the specifications of the breed club, he can be officially registered into the German Spaniel Association’s breeding book. 

German Spaniel Breed Appearance

The German Spaniel is a well-muscled, medium sized dog with thick, wavy hair. He is strong boned and built solid; this gives him the ability to retrieve heavier game such as mature foxes or hares. He has ears that are medium long and reach halfway to the tip of his nose. His body should be twice as long as his height and is larger than many of the spaniel breeds. His nose is either black or brown, depending on his coat color. His eyes are a very dark brown and are always alert. His coat is fine and short on the head and then long on the rest of his body. He has a thick, wavy coat that is somewhat coarse to the touch and he does have a moderate undercoat that protects him when in the brush. His ears, legs and underbelly are well feathered. The German Spaniel can be found in several colors including fawn, liver, white, red, brown, or grey. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown German Spaniel eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black German Spaniel nose
brown German Spaniel nose
Coat Color Possibilities
fawn German Spaniel coat
white German Spaniel coat
gray German Spaniel coat
red German Spaniel coat
brown German Spaniel coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
German Spaniel wavy coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

German Spaniel Breed Maintenance

The German Spaniel is not a hypoallergenic breed and does require weekly brushing to keep his coat in good condition. He should be brushed with a pin brush and a metal comb. Tangles should be worked through carefully and a de-tangling spray can also be used. The hair between his toes will need to be trimmed often to keep dirt and debris from getting caught and causing lameness. His ears will need to be checked each week and cleaned as needed to keep infections from occurring. Trim his nails as needed, usually every two to three weeks. He should be bathed every three months or so using a mild shampoo. He can develop a strong doggy smell and can have a bath using dry shampoo in between full baths. Since he can have skin problems, speak with your veterinarian regarding which shampoo is best for your German Spaniel. Set up a routine dental plan for him to ensure he has healthy teeth and gums. 

Brushes for German Spaniel
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
German Spaniel requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

German Spaniel Temperament

The German Spaniel is an excellent gundog but people are beginning to see him as a valued companion. He loves playing games and spending time outdoors with his family. Generally, he does well with children he is raised with but will be a bit hesitant with children he does not know. Once he warms up, though, he can be a handful and at times overwhelming to small children. He can be a stubborn dog and does require a strong leader. His training should be continual and should never be mundane. Mix up his training with play time and exercises that are still teaching him how to behave. Be sure to keep him contained within a strong fence when you cannot be with him outside. He is a scent hound and will take off after a trail if not properly contained. The German Spaniel can develop undesirable habits if he is not trained or if he is left alone for long periods of time. 

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes
activity minutes

German Spaniel Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$34.00 - $45.00
food bag monthly cost

German Spaniel Height & Weight

6 Months
Male German Spaniel size stats at six months
Height: 17.0 inches Weight: 21.5 lbs
Female German Spaniel size stats at six months
Height: 16.0 inches Weight: 21.5 lbs
12 Months
Male German Spaniel size stats at 12 months
Height: 18.5 inches Weight: 37.5 lbs
Female German Spaniel size stats at 12 months
Height: 17.5 inches Weight: 37.5 lbs
18 Months
Male German Spaniel size stats at 18 months
Height: 20.0 inches Weight: 47.5 lbs
Female German Spaniel size stats at 18 months
Height: 19.0 inches Weight: 47.5 lbs

German Spaniel Owner Experiences

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