Jack Highland Terrier 

13-21 lbs
United Kingdom, Scotland
Jack Russell Terrier
West Highland White Terrier
The Jack Highland Terrier is a hybrid which results from the breeding of a Jack Russell Terrier and a West Highland White Terrier.  The two parent breeds share personality traits of affection, alertness, cheerfulness, courageousness, friendliness and independence with the Jack Russell parent adding gentleness, intelligence, energy and loyalty to the bio mix.  The appearance of the hybrid can take on the characteristics of both parent breeds with a body that is generally described as compact or athletic, and dark eyes with an intelligent and alert expression. Colors of white, white with black markings, white with tan markings, and tricolor (black, white, tan) may be seen on the Jack Highland Terrier.  Moderate grooming maintenance is likely to be required, with bathing only as needed and brushing several times a week.
Date of Origin
Jack Russell Terrier, West Highland White Terrier

Jack Highland Terrier  Health

Average Size
Male Jack Highland Terrier  size stats
Height: 11-14 inches Weight: 13-21 lbs
Female Jack Highland Terrier  size stats
Height: 10-13 inches Weight: 13-21 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Seborrhea
  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry Eye)
  • Craniomandibular Osteopathy (Lion Jaw)
Minor Concerns
  • Deafness
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Cataracts
  • Urolithiasis
  • Lens Luxation
  • Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Ichthyosis
  • Shaker Dog Syndrome
  • Persistent Pupillary Membranes (PPM)
  • Cerebellar Abiotrophy (Ataxia)
  • Leukodystrophies
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Atrophy
  • Chronic Hepatitis
  • Epidermodysplasia
  • Mellitus
  • Pyruvate Kinase (PK) Deficiency
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Follicular Dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Selective IG A Deficiency
  • Addison’s Disease
  • Bleeding Disorders
  • Malassezia Dermatitis/Otitis
  • Retinal Dysplasia
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Ear Examination
  • Eye Examinations
  • Other Radiographic Imaging
  • Variety of Blood Testing Modules
  • Dental Examinations

Jack Highland Terrier  Breed History

Your Jack Highland Terrier is the result of breeding a Jack Russell Terrier with a West Highland White Terrier and is a newer hybrid.  There is little to no information available on the hybrid itself but there is an abundance of information available on the parent breeds.  The information provided in this segment will reflect this combined parent breed information.  As a hybrid canine, the Jack Highland Terrier can take on the appearance, personality and behavioral characteristics of either or both parent breeds.  Both of the parent breeds, the Jack Russell Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier, were bred for hunting activities in their respective countries and in their respective decades/centuries.  The Jack Russell Terrier was developed in the United Kingdom in the 1800’s and utilized for hunting and tracking purposes.  The Jack Russell was large enough to keep up the pace of the foxhounds but small enough to “go to ground” and rout out foxes from their dens, a task not as well performed by the larger foxhounds.  The West Highland White Terrier was developed in Scotland sometime prior to 1904 when it was first shown under its modern name in the Scottish Kennel Club dog show which took place in Edinburgh.  The breed was later recognized by The Kennel Club (England) in 1906, brought to the United States in 1905 and recognized by the American Kennel club in 1908 as Roseneath Terrier, a name that was changed in 1909 to its modern name of West Highland White Terrier.  This parent breed was also bred for hunting tasks, specifically targeting rats, rabbits, badger and fox. The Jack Russell Terrier is not recognized by the American Kennel (but the Parson Jack Russell Terrier is), but this parent breed is recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council, American Rare Breed Association, American Russell Terrier Club, Irish Kennel Club and the FCI.  The West Highland White Terrier was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908.

Jack Highland Terrier  Breed Appearance

The Jack Highland Terrier can be white, white with markings of black or tan or it can be tricolor (black, white, tan).  The coat will likely be dense and double and could be smooth or broken and of short or longer length, requiring at least weekly brushing and bathing only when needed.  Your hybrid can attain a height of 10 to 14 inches and weigh in from 13 to 21 pounds depending on gender and which parent breed has dominance in bio mix. Your dog will likely have a compact, muscular body with strong hindquarters which enable the jumping and springy gait contributed by the Jack Russell parent.  The hybrid will have large eyes which do not protrude and an ear set which is wide with ears that either stand erect or are v-shaped and curled or folded over. The teeth will meet in a scissors bite and may appear larger in proportion to the size of the dog’s head.  The feet of your hybrid will likely be round, compact and thickly padded. The muzzle may resemble that of the Jack Russell or slightly smaller like the West Highland White Terrier.  The tail can be variable in length and may be carried high or slightly curled over the back.
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Jack Highland Terrier  eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Jack Highland Terrier  nose
Coat Color Possibilities
white Jack Highland Terrier  coat
black Jack Highland Terrier  coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Jack Highland Terrier  straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Jack Highland Terrier  Breed Maintenance

Since the Jack Russell is not considered hypoallergenic and the West Highland is, whether this hybrid takes on any hypoallergenic traits will be dependent upon the parent breed which has the greater influence in the bio mix.  The same is true of the shedding tendencies as the West Highland is a minimal shedder while the Jack Russell is considered a constant shedder.  The length of the coat will also be largely dependent upon which parent breed has dominance in the bio mix, with the West Highland having the longer coat.  This will mean that brushings may need to be done a couple of times a week instead of once a week, for example.  The bathing issue remains pretty much the same...both breeds requiring bathing only as needed, with recommendations to simply wipe down the coat between shampoos to keep it cleaner.  Of course, as with most canine breeds, regular ear checkups and cleaning along with regular dental checkups and teeth cleaning will help to prevent ear infections and periodontal disease which can cause the loss of teeth over time.  Eye examinations should be done both at home as well as by your veterinary professional.  Eye checkups at home can be a simple as checking for the cleanliness of the area around the eyes and cleaning when necessary.
Brushes for Jack Highland Terrier 
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Jack Highland Terrier  requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Jack Highland Terrier  Temperament

Your Jack Highland Terrier is a hybrid who can take on the temperament characteristics of either of the parent breeds, the Jack Russell Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier.  The personality traits which can be inherited are: alertness, affection, courage, cheerfulness, friendliness, independence, energetic, gentleness, intelligence and loyalty.  He is good with kids and strangers but perhaps not so much with cats and small animals as the parent breeds were both originally bred to hunt small animals.  Early socialization will help to modify some of these traits with kids, strangers and small animals.  He possesses amazing energy levels and will need lots of exercise on a daily basis to expend that energy to avoid problems with the destructive behaviors which generally are known to accompany boredom. This hybrid has the potential to be described, just like his parent breeds, as an energetic, loving and playful family dog who loves to run and play and, since his nose is ever vigilant, investigating interesting scents also is right up his hereditary alley.  He will be inquisitive from morning until night and, if left to his own devices, he will likely get into mischief when left alone for long periods of time.

Jack Highland Terrier  Activity Requirements

Your Jack Highland Terrier hybrid will be an energetic addition to your family.  Both breed parents are contributors of high levels of energy and this energy will need 60 to 80 minutes each and every day of appropriate exercise activity to expend.  Those minutes of exercise can be in the form of several daily walks or periods of play time in the dog park, or high intensity fetch in the backyard or obedience and agility training and practice.  He is an intelligent canine and, if not provided mental challenge as well as physical challenge, will likely let his inquisitive nature and sensitive nose get him into much mischief if left alone for long periods of time.  He is a chewer and a digger, traits which, when combined with his intelligence level, can make him quite the escape artist.  He will need to be on leash when he is being walked outside since he will quite happily follow his nose to investigate interesting and unusual scents as he walks along.  His small size makes him a perfect canine for apartments and condos, provided appropriate exercise opportunities are afforded him. He will be quite happy as well in a family home with or without a fenced yard, provided he gets his appropriate exercising on a daily basis. He can live in rural or urban settings in any climate as long as he is given adequate extra protection for the temperature extremes in those areas in which climate extremes are likely.
Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
7 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
80 minutes

Jack Highland Terrier  Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.75 - $1.00
Monthly Cost
$25.00 - $30.00

Jack Highland Terrier  Owner Experiences

2 Years
1 People
Long walks
Very loyal and very protective and can be very aggressive towards people posing a threat to me. Very loving when she knows you.
3 months ago
14 Years
3 People
House & Yard
Bonnie is a very active dog, and even now she is getting on she is still creating chaos. Her eyesight is going, as is her hearing and she has arthritis in the bottom of her spine, but these developments are purely in the past few years and medication and a few simple adaptions mean that she can still charge around like she owns the place. Very very friendly however quite territorial over her home and her family and so can get into scraps with other dogs as a result. But definitely love this breed!
5 months, 2 weeks ago
15 Years
5 People
House & Yard
She’s very cute and friendly, she loves any attention she can get. She’s okay with other dogs but she does bark occasionally. She’s has seizures but that was years ago, now the only health concerns we have are cataracts which she only has in one eye, and she has random shakes that last a couple minutes occasionally
6 months, 3 weeks ago
9 Years
2 People
House & Yard
Langly is an incredibly strong willed dog and will find a way to communicate exactly how he's feeling.
7 months, 2 weeks ago
Spot aka Boobie Bear
4 Years
3 People
Playing fetch in front yard
People watching on patio
He is very protective. Sleeps with me every night. Great companion. Can't picture my life without him. Never boring. 😊
1 year, 9 months ago
12 Years
3 People
He is my service dog, has learned many tricks,warns us when people arrive. But he is losing his vision which is very sad for a very lively boy.
2 years, 1 month ago
8 Months
2 People
House & Yard
Could not have a better little dog.great character makes me laugh every day ...
2 years, 9 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd