45-65 lbs
English Pointer

The Pointer, also known as the English Pointer, is named as such due to their ability to “point” and aim their muzzle at small game. They are one of the earliest Sporting breeds, dating to as far back as the 17th century. This sleek canine weighs an average of 45 to 75 pounds and grows as tall as 23 to 28 inches high. They have origins in the country of England in the 1600s with an early purpose of pointing at the hunted prey. It is said that this striking canine originated from a combination of other breeds such as the Italian Pointer, Spanish Pointer, Foxhound, Bloodhound, Greyhound, Newfoundland, Setter, and Bulldog. Described as an even-tempered, fun-loving and loyal breed, they are an excellent hunter and will accompany you when retrieving small game. Maintaining this dog is relatively simple due to their short and thin coat. Weekly brushing is recommended to minimize the shedding. An active dog, they fare best in a home with a large enclosed area in order to exercise and work out their energy.

purpose Purpose
Hunting, Pointing, Retrieving
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
Pointer, Hound, Newfoundland Dog, Setter, Bulldog

Pointer Health

Sketch of Pointer
Average Size
Male Pointer size stats
Height: 25-28 inches Weight: 55-75 lbs
Female Pointer size stats
Height: 23-26 inches Weight: 45-65 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Bloat
  • Congenital Heart Defect
  • Eye Conditions
Occasional Tests
  • Cardiac
  • Hip
  • Heart
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Pointer Breed History

Early records of this attractive canine indicate that the breed may have been around since the 1600s in Spain. The current Pointer originated in England and was named after their ability to be able to “point” their muzzle at small game. There is some speculation as to which breeds this retrieving dog was developed from. Considerations are the Italian and Spanish Pointers, Foxhound, Greyhound, Bloodhound, Setter, and Bulldog. While the exact ancestry is not well-documented, these breeds are commonly accepted as part of the ancestry. Early versions of the dog were described as less than friendly and vicious creatures bred just to hunt and kill game. One of their original ancestors, the Spanish Pointer, was effective at catching game, but was slow-moving. When self-loading guns rose in popularity, hunters needed a quick companion in order to be able to catch up to prey. This dog's original purpose was to point out rabbits and eventually moved on to the ability to spot birds. In 1884, they were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club. In the 19th century, there were efforts to breed them to make them easier to train as well to format a friendlier disposition. Before the Civil War, they were imported to the United States where they gained popularity for hunting quail. Since then, their appearance has been modified. This determined breed was preferred when it came to hunting due to their ability to remain motionless until the prey was shot down. The breed is considered to have an excellent tracking reputation with effective pointing abilities. 

Pointer Breed Appearance

The Pointer's appearance is described as a muscular body with a proud stance. This canine is athletic and remains alert with every sound heard. Endless stamina is used to take advantage of their skill in the field. There head is always pointed upward when out in the field and their tail is usually moving back and forth. This breed has a full-length straight tail that is posed upward when in a natural stance. Pendant ears move from side to side when tracking prey. Their coat is described as a short, smooth coat with shine. Official colors designated by the American Kennel Club are as follows: black, black and white, lemon, lemon and white, liver, liver and white, orange, orange and white with black, liver, self-colored, or ticked points. The skull is of medium width with a slight furrow between the eyes. 

Appearance of Pointer
Eye Color Possibilities
hazel Pointer eyes
brown Pointer eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Pointer nose
brown Pointer nose
isabella Pointer nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Pointer coat
brown Pointer coat
white Pointer coat
isabella Pointer coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Pointer straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Pointer Breed Maintenance

The Pointer's short, dense coat requires minimal grooming. Weekly brushing will allow shedding to be maintained. It is recommended to bathe this pup when absolutely necessary. Bathing under 6 weeks is usually not needed since it can stimulate oils in the skin, causing overproduction of oils. Nails should be trimmed every 2 to 3 weeks to prevent overgrowth. This breed does not have any specific or strong odors. A high energy breed, they require intense and vigorous exercise in order to maintain a high quality of life. This breed would not be appropriate in an apartment setting due to their needs out in the field. They will fare best in a large home with a sufficient yard in order to run around. If not provided with vigorous exercise and activity, this energetic dog is likely to engage in destructive behavior. They are most comfortable in an average climate because of their short coat. They do not have a particular diet but it is recommended to follow an optimum dietary guideline. 

Brushes for Pointer
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Pointer requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Pointer Temperament

Known for their mischievous temperament out in the field, they enjoy being able to point and track birds. This breed is highly responsive and independent but also loves to spend time with their family. They have a big heart and are constantly searching for attention from human companionship. The Pointer loves to be surrounded by the family and enjoys being able to spend time with children. Older children may be most suited to this active and physical breed and when treated with respect, this furry playmate will maintain affection for them. This animal family member is flexible and capable of adjusting to many different situations. They are known to be hesitant towards strangers and may initially bark at them since they are unfamiliar with them. It is not recommended to use this breed to serve as an effective watchdog as they will become easily distracted by birds. Alert to everything, they may chase after other small animals so it is recommended to train them early on. They will alert the family to any incoming visitors as well as anything unusual. This intelligent canine is capable of being trained but be forewarned – it may be difficult. They are smart and may become stubborn during training sessions. It is recommended to introduce firm commands and reward for proper behavior.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes
activity minutes

Pointer Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.5 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$34.00 - $45.00
food bag monthly cost

Pointer Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Pointer at six months
Male Pointer size stats at six months
Height: 10.5 inches Weight: 25.0 lbs
Female Pointer size stats at six months
Height: 9.0 inches Weight: 17.5 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Pointer at 12 months
Male Pointer size stats at 12 months
Height: 16.0 inches Weight: 37.5 lbs
Female Pointer size stats at 12 months
Height: 15.0 inches Weight: 27.5 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Pointer at 18 months
Male Pointer size stats at 18 months
Height: 23.0 inches Weight: 60.0 lbs
Female Pointer size stats at 18 months
Height: 22.0 inches Weight: 50.0 lbs

Top Pointer Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Pointer breeders of 2024.
Top Pointer breeder Carter Brittany Kennels
Carter Brittany Kennels
Ambrose, Georgia
Top Pointer breeder Outback Kennels
Outback Kennels
Kensington, Kansas
Top Pointer breeder Shady Meadows Gundogs
Shady Meadows Gundogs
Merriam, Kansas
Top Pointer breeder Rockin' G Kennel
Rockin' G Kennel
Newalla, Oklahoma

Pointer Owner Experiences

3 Years
Absolutely love to Walk and Walk and Walk and Walk plays with toys high-energy very well behaved very well trained had a blast
6 years, 2 months ago
2 Years
When I arrived, he was extremely excited! He was jumping and knew I was there to take him out. These dogs are extremely high energy and are bred for hunting so therefore they are really curious. They want to sniff everything and anything and are very hard to pull away. That being said, they are also very energetic. It takes a lot to tire them out but they don’t get tired easily so a long walk won’t be a problem for them. It is very easy to get them to play, fetch or run. Animals are something you should watch out for. If you see a squirrel or rabbit, expect the dog to pull and be ready to counter that. Don’t be surprised if they go after an animal or attempt to run at one, just be ready for it and don’t lose hold of the dog. My experience with pointers’ temperaments is that they are friendly with other dogs but it can vary based on age and gender. Pointers are very athletic and usually have a muscular build and a short coat.
6 years, 2 months ago
4 Years
other dogs
The pointers I've walked have been uniformly excellent! I grew up with hunting dogs, so I've got a lot of experience with them. They tend to be extremely friendly, if a little jumpy with people. They are usually pretty good with other dogs, but they can be a bit of a handful if the other dog is on the street and they decide to jump around or try running with each other. At the dog park they tend to be great, as the other dogs will chase them around to their hearts content.
6 years, 2 months ago
2 Years
The Pointer I've walked a few times is a great dog with tons of energy. He's very friendly and will usually jump up on you a bit when you first arrive. I usually hold him on a short leash in crowded areas to make sure he doesn't jump up on anyone we pass on the street. He is a very fast walker and would defintiely prefer to run! He's pretty strong and can be hard to hold back once he gets excited about something. Squirrels are the main thing that will get him over-excited and occasionally he will lung for one even though he's on the leash and might drag you with him unless you're ready! They definitely need to get all their energy out through playing and running but they are also super affectionate and fun dogs.
6 years, 1 month ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd