The Pughasa is a hybrid or designer breed that was developed by crossing Lhasa Apso and a Pug. The Lhasa Apso originated in the sacred Tibetan city of Lhasa and was bred as a companion to nobility and monks. Although small, they were known as courageous watch-dogs and their Tibetan name means “Bark Lion Sentinal Dog”. Lhasa Apsos guarded the inside dwellings while Tibetan Mastiffs were responsible for those outside. The breed’s history goes back to 80 BC making them one of the oldest dog breeds. Tibetans believed that the souls of deceased monks entered the bodies of Lhasa Apsos. The Dalai Lama was the only one to could give the dogs as gifts outside of Tibet which is how they landed up in the United Kingdom and the United States. The 13th Dalai Lama gave a pair to world traveler and naturalist Suydam Cutting who brought the dogs to the US in 1933. The American Kennel Club recognized the Lhasa Apso in 1935. Rather than being guard dogs, like the Lhasa Apso, Pugs were themselves guarded by soldiers. These little dogs originated in China where they were prized by emperors. Some say they are related to the Tibetan Mastiff. They were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century, probably by Dutch traders, who named the breed Mopshond. The Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange after one was said to have warned William, Prince of Orange, that Spanish assassins were heading his way. The breed also appeared in artwork in the 1700s by the likes of William Hogarth and Goya. Queen Victoria was a fan of the breed and had many of them in her kennels. Pugs were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.