Russian Toy

3-6 lbs
Russian Toy Terrier, Russkiy Toy, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, Russian Longhaired Toy Terrier, Moscow Longhair Toy Terrier

This toy breed dog is rare, but is quickly gaining popularity in the United States. He is one of the smallest toy breeds, rivaling the Chihuahua in size and personality. He has a big personality and knows no fear. He can do great as a therapy dog or performing in dog sports such as agility or rally. He is energetic and loves to play games. Daily exercise is necessary to keep him calm and happy in his home. The Russian Toy should never be left alone outside because he is small enough to become prey for birds of prey such as hawks and owls. 

purpose Purpose
history Date of Origin
20th Century
ancestry Ancestry
English Toy Terrier, Toy Spaniel

Russian Toy Health

Average Size
Male Russian Toy size stats
Height: 7-10 inches Weight: 3-6 lbs
Female Russian Toy size stats
Height: 7-10 inches Weight: 3-6 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
Minor Concerns
  • Heart Conditions
Occasional Diagnoses
  • None
Occasional Tests
  • OFA
  • Physical Examination
  • Cardiac Test

Russian Toy Breed History

The Russian Toy has an illustrious past. He was once the chosen companion for Russian aristocracy. Many believe he evolved from English Toy Terriers that were gifted to Russian aristocrats by English royalty. These small dogs quickly became favored and most aristocrats had at least one of these little dogs. After the Russian Revolution, the English Toy Terrier was almost completely wiped out in Russia. It took several years of selective breeding the English Toy Terrier with toy spaniels of unknown lineage to develop the Russian Toy. With this selective breeding, the Russian Toy no longer looked like the English Toy Terrier and he also has his own personality traits. The Russian Toy only came in the smooth coated variety until 1958 when a longhaired male puppy was born from two smooth coated parents. This male puppy was named Chiky and was later bred to a female who had hair that was slightly longer than the typical Russian Toy. The puppies from these parents became the foundation for the longhaired variety. These longhaired dogs were called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terriers. In 2006, the Federation Cynologique Internationale officially recognized the Russian Toy as a breed. The FCI recognized both the smooth coat and the longhair as the same breed. In 2008, the United Kennel Club officially recognized the Russian Toy as a breed. The American Kennel Club added the Russian Toy to its Foundation Stock Service in 2010 which allows him to participate in companion dog events sanctioned by the AKC. 

Russian Toy Breed Appearance

The Russian Toy is a very small toy breed. He comes in two coat varieties: smooth coat and longhair. Many people think the smooth coated variety look like little miniature deer. He has long, spindly legs, a long neck and a strong body. He has a small, well defined head with big, doe-like dark brown eyes. His ears are small and triangular shaped that stand up on his head. The longhaired variety looks identical to the smooth coated variety. The only difference is the length of the coat. His coat, instead of being sleek and smooth, has long hair on his ears and the back of his legs. His tail even has feathering. His body has short hair. The Russian Toy comes in a variety of colors in both coat varieties. The most common colors are black and tan, red and sable. Other acceptable colors include solid black, brown, red or blue. Blue and tan and brown and tan are also acceptable colors but are considered extremely rare. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Russian Toy eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Russian Toy nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Russian Toy coat
blue Russian Toy coat
brown Russian Toy coat
red Russian Toy coat
sable Russian Toy coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Russian Toy straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Russian Toy Breed Maintenance

The Russian Toy is an easy keeper and it is simple to keep both varieties groomed. The smooth coated variety needs to be wiped down with a soft cloth or chamois daily. A soft slicker brush can also be used daily to remove any dead hair and promote healthy skin. The long haired variety should also be groomed daily using a comb and soft slicker brush. His ears and feathering should be kept combed to prevent tangles or mats from forming. To keep him clean, the hair around his anus should be trimmed. The hair between his paw pads needs to be trimmed as well. When checking the hair between his paw pads check his nails and trim them as needed as well. The Russian Toy does need to be bathed often, about once every week to every two weeks. A mild shampoo should be used. Since he is a toy breed, set up a routine dental plan to ensure his teeth are kept clean and strong. 

Brushes for Russian Toy
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Russian Toy requires daily brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Russian Toy Temperament

The Russian Toy is a typical toy breed. He is fearless, charming and lively. He does not realize he is a tiny dog and is ready to take on the world at the drop of a hat. His family has a big task in keeping him out of trouble. He does need moderate daily exercise to keep him happy and healthy. Short walks and games in the backyard are excellent ways for him to get his exercise. Do not leave him outside alone, he is small enough that predators will see him as prey; this includes birds of prey. He is an intelligent dog and would be an excellent therapy dog. He is a little too small to be able to be a service dog. He loves being with his family and would be thrilled to perform dog sports with you including agility and rally. Families with toddlers are not ideal for this small dog as he can be fragile and break easily if fallen or stepped on. 

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes
activity minutes

Russian Toy Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
0.5 cups
Daily Cost
$0.75 - $1.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$20.00 - $30.00
food bag monthly cost

Russian Toy Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Russian Toy size stats at six months
Height: 5.0 inches Weight: 2.0 lbs
Female Russian Toy size stats at six months
Height: 5.0 inches Weight: 2.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Russian Toy size stats at 12 months
Height: 7.5 inches Weight: 4.0 lbs
Female Russian Toy size stats at 12 months
Height: 7.5 inches Weight: 4.0 lbs
18 Months
Male Russian Toy size stats at 18 months
Height: 8.5 inches Weight: 4.5 lbs
Female Russian Toy size stats at 18 months
Height: 8.5 inches Weight: 4.5 lbs

Russian Toy Owner Experiences

5 Years
It is as if someone shrunk a large dog into the body of a dog appropriate for a New York apartment. This little guy has an absolutely mammoth personality, energy for days, and a fabulous disposition. His owner gave us a tiny tennis ball to play with could have kept him occupied for days. He was fantastic fetch companion, would wait in eager anticipation for me to toss the ball, he'd fetch it, and drop it directly at my feet. If I didn't pick up the ball fast enough, he'd pick it up and drop it a few steps closer to me. He was such a fun walking companion. While walking on the leash he was absolutely perfect. He'd pull on occasion, but had a self-correcting nature whenever he felt the slightest tug of the leash. Also, he kept up a great pace on his little legs. He's a very smart and incredibly awesome dog. I'd recommend a russian toy to anyone looking for an affectionate and hilarious little companion after walking this little pup.
6 years, 3 months ago
3 Years
1 People
She minds she loves to cuddle and very friendly
3 years, 4 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd