Pomeranian

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3-7 lbs
8-11"
Germany
Pom, Pom Pom, Zwergspitz, Zwers, Spitz Enano, Spitz Main, Deustche Spitze, Loulou

The Pomeranian is a small and charming dog with a big heart. Despite their lack of height, you will soon discover that they have no lack in heart or personality. In fact, they can be so feisty and confident that they sometimes forget how small they are and will try to challenge larger dogs. Aside from this quirk, these dogs do well with kids and other pets alike. They make good watch dogs due to their powerful and frequent barking, but will require good training, or else it may never stop. They have a variety of nicknames as well as coat color possibilities, and will surely brighten up your life. In the past, these dogs could grow to be as big as 30 pounds and were used as sheep dogs. Today, however, they are much smaller but are still quite talented in obedience, agility, therapy, flyball and tracking, and, of course, being loving companion pets.

Purpose
companion, sheep dog
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
norwegian elkhound, german spitz, samoyed, american eskimo dog, schipperke

Pomeranian Health

Average Size
Height: 8-11 inches Weight: 3-7 lbs
Height: 8-11 inches Weight: 3-7 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Entropion
  • Mono/Bilateral Cryptorchidism
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
  • Allergies
  • Epilepsy
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Knee
  • Physical Examination
  • Allergy Tests
  • X-Rays
  • MRI
  • Eye Examination

Pomeranian Breed History

Pomeranians came from the province of Pomerania, in Germany, which is where they take their name. They are derived from the ancient Spitz breeds from far northern countries. The Norwegian Elkhound, German Spitz, Samoyed, American Eskimo Dog and Schipperke are the closest relatives of this breed. Early dogs of this breed were much larger than the ones known today, weighing up to 30 pounds. These older and larger versions of the breed were used as sheep dogs. They were introduced in England when the young Queen Charlotte moved there in 1761 to marry King George III, bringing her two pet Pomeranians with her. However, they did not become popular with the public until the reign of her daughter, Queen Victoria, who bred as many as 15 different breeds of dogs during her time, including the Pomeranian. She found her interest in these dogs in 1888 while on a visit to Italy. The first Pomeranians to ever be shown were those of Queen Victoria, which led to the increase in their popularity. In fact, from 1900 to 1930, they were the breed with the highest number of entries at dog shows. It was during these years that the dogs became consistently smaller and their signature coat and size were determined. The color range was also expanded during this time, adding orange to the already existing black, white, chocolate and blue. The first Pomeranian was entered in the American Kennel Club in the year of 1888, and they quickly gained popularity in the United States in 1900. The foundation of the American Pomeranian Club was in 1909.

Pomeranian Breed Appearance

These little, toy-sized dogs have thick double coats, with fluffy and soft undercoats and shiny, straight and long hair on the outer coat. The hair on the neck and chest will be longest, creating a frill around the face. Their plumed tails will lie flat and fan up across their backs. Although the tails are a familiar characteristic of this breed, it actually takes several months for them to develop, and puppies are not born with fluffy tails. These dogs can be found in almost any pattern, like brindle and parti-color, and with an immense variety of color combinations. They can be chocolate, tan, sable, blue, orange, black, white, cream, red, silver, grey, fawn, brown, or a combination of multiple of these colors. They have wedge-shaped heads with erect and high set ears, and noses that are either dark or share the same coloring as the dog’s coat. Pomeranians have dark eyes that are almond shaped and muzzles that are straight with well pronounced stops. The teeth of a Pomeranian dog will meet in a scissors bite.

Pomeranian Breed Maintenance

Due to their little size, these dogs can do well in apartments and smaller houses that do not necessarily have fenced in yards. They do require a moderate amount of daily exercise, which can include several walks or play times. The walks can be long but it is important to keep in mind that, due to their small size, these dogs can be sensitive to extreme heat. In these cases, they would most likely appreciate a shorter walk instead. These dogs will love playing with toys, but can get bored easily so rotating the toys would be a good idea in order to keep things exciting. Toys that can challenge them will be even better. They should be fed twice a day, and should get a total amount of ¼-½ cups of food. Twice each week, a wire slicker brush and metal comb should be used to groom your pet. You should ensure that you brush all the way from the skin in order to properly distribute the natural oils and to fully shed the undercoat. To do this, you should start at the head and move down, parting the hair and brushing it forward using the comb. Some people like to trim their Pomeranian’s fur around the ears, face, the hind end and feet, but this is not required. They do not need to be bathed regularly, but can instead have baths as often as you’d like. Dental hygiene and nail trimmings are also important for your Pomeranian. Their teeth should be brushed daily, or once a week in the least. Nails should be cared for as often as needed. 

Pomeranian Breed Activity Requirements

These feisty little dogs are very smart and love meeting new friends, human and animal alike. Despite their little size, they can sometimes try to challenge bigger dogs, but this behavior should not be tolerated. Although they are tiny, they can still be good watchdogs that will bark at any sign of trouble due to their high alertness. Their barking can sometimes get out of hand, and therefore they should be taught to be quiet on command. These dogs are smart and can easily learn new tricks, which can be a fun activity for both you and your pet. However, you should keep in mind that these dogs have short attention spans and that training sessions should be kept short and sweet, just like your Pomeranian. Reward your Pomeranian with praise, treats or play when they perform well. They are good with children, but, for the safety of the dog, will do best with kids who are older and know how to treat them gently. They are small and can get hurt easily if accidentally dropped or stepped on. They also get along well with other animals, including cats. The main issue is that Pomeranians can sometimes get hurt by bigger dogs, as they are not aware of their small size and may try to challenge them.