German Spitz

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8-22 lbs
Victorian Pomeranian, Spitz Klein, Mittel Spitz, Toy Deutscher, Standard Deutscher, Giant Deutscher Gross Spitz, Deutscher Spitz, German Wolfspitz

The German Spitz resembles an oversized Pomeranian, but he is his own distinct breed. There are two sizes in the German Spitz, the small or klein and the medium or mittel. He is mischievous, playful and loyal. The German Spitz can be a barker if left with nothing to do, always provide plenty of toys to keep him occupied and give him a job to do. He does have a high prey drive, so he may not mix well with small dogs or other small pets including cats, birds, ferrets and hamsters.  It is believed that the German Spitz originated during the first Stone Age as a hunter and companion.

farm worker, companion, hunter
Date of Origin

German Spitz Health

Average Size
Height: 9-12 inches Weight: 8-22 lbs
Height: 9-12 inches Weight: 8-22 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Epilepsy
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Persistent Pupillary Membrane
Occasional Tests
  • Knee
  • X-Rays
  • MRI
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

German Spitz Breed History

It is reported that the German Spitz orginated during the first Stone Age in an area known as Pomerania. Pomerania was located in the region of Germany and Poland. A document found from that region dating back to 1450 described the German Spitz breed within it. They were described as valiant guardians of the home and fields. The German Spitz was also used in hunting as well being a favored companion. By the 18th century, the German Spitz became a part of royal families. George I married a German woman and when visitors from Germany came to the English court, the German Spitz was brought with them. There are no written records that show George I or his wife owned any German Spitz. Queen Charlotte, George III’s wife, was said to have several German Spitz dogs that weighed between 20 and 30 pounds. The popularity of the breed saw a sharp decline after World War I but then saw a surge in the 1970s. The German Spitz is very popular in Germany, Australia and Great Britain. The German Spitz is still very rare in the United States. The American Kennel Club has not officially recognized the breed but has accepted them into the Foundation Stock Service registry which is the first step in getting the breed recognized by the AKC. The United Kennel Club (UKC) already recognizes the German Spitz as an individual breed and has been registering dogs since 2006. The UKC recognizes two varieties of the German Spitz, the klein or small and the mittel or medium. 

German Spitz Breed Appearance

The German Spitz has medium-long coat and comes in a variety of colors from black to white. This includes shades of cream, orange, sable, gold, blue or brown. They can also have any of these colors on a white background making them parti-colored or they can be bi-colored in black and tan. The German Spitz comes in two varieties, the klein or small and the mittel or medium. He is a small, compact dog with a typical spitz or fox-like head and his tail curls over his back. His coat should be thick and medium long with the hair on the head being short and plush. Ears should be small, triangular and erect on the top of the head. His eyes should be dark and alert, giving him an inquisitive expression. His body should be small but sturdy. The German Spitz should never give the appearance of looking fragile or dainty.

Appearance of german-spitz
Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

German Spitz Breed Maintenance

The German Spitz has a double coat and will therefore, shed out that undercoat twice a year. Their undercoat is soft and wooly, their topcoat is long and somewhat harsh. The coat should be abundant around the chest and neck and the tail should be plumed. The hair on his face and head will be shorted and plush. He should be groomed several times a week to remove any dirt, debris or loose hairs. He does have fine hairs that shed and will stick to furniture and clothing. A shedding glove may come in handy to wipe him down once a day; a lint roller is a necessity for your furniture and clothing. A pin brush is ideal along with a sturdy steel comb when grooming. Pay close attention to tangles that can form where the legs meet the body and work those tangles loose with the comb. Nails should be trimmed every few weeks. His ears should be cleaned once a week and teeth need to be brushed often to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

Brushes for German Spitz
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

German Spitz Temperament

The German Spitz is a fun, lively dog that can be independent. He is very smart and many owners describe him as having a sense of humor. He can be challenging to live with if you are not used to the breed. When training a German Spitz, make things fun and lively or he may refuse to do anything for you as he is stubborn and wants things his way. He can be a nuisance barker when bored so keep plenty of toys on hand and give him a job to do during the day. The German Spitz has a high prey drive and may be prone to attacking smaller pets including birds, hamsters, ferrets, guinea pigs and cats. They can coexist with cats when they are raised with them but an adult German Spitz can be aggressive if just introduced to a cat. Early socialization for a German Spitz is necessary to ensure that they become well-adjusted adults. He will be unsure of strangers but will warm up quickly when visitors stay awhile in his home.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

German Spitz Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.2 cups
Daily Cost
$1.2 - $1.4
Monthly Cost
$34 - $45

German Spitz Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 8 inches Weight: 8 lbs
Height: 8 inches Weight: 8 lbs
12 Months
Height: 10 inches Weight: 12 lbs
Height: 10 inches Weight: 12 lbs
18 Months
Height: 10 inches Weight: 15 lbs
Height: 10 inches Weight: 15 lbs

German Spitz Owner Experiences

10 Months
5 People
House & Yard
My puppy is stubborn and is still working on training. She does not like getting a harness or leash on and will bite. She eats good and is good with kids, new people and other dogs and cats.
2 months, 3 weeks ago
6 Years
5 People
Most lively and friendly companion!
2 weeks, 3 days ago
8 Years
2 People
House & Yard
He has been a wonderful dog and, until now, we thought he was a Pomeranian! What an education to discover he was an entirely different breed. We will always have a German Spitz in our household!
1 week, 6 days ago
Book me a walkiee?