The German Spitz resembles an oversized Pomeranian, but he is his own distinct breed. There are two sizes in the German Spitz, the small or klein and the medium or mittel. He is mischievous, playful and loyal. The German Spitz can be a barker if left with nothing to do, always provide plenty of toys to keep him occupied and give him a job to do. He does have a high prey drive, so he may not mix well with small dogs or other small pets including cats, birds, ferrets and hamsters. It is believed that the German Spitz originated during the first Stone Age as a hunter and companion.
It is reported that the German Spitz orginated during the first Stone Age in an area known as Pomerania. Pomerania was located in the region of Germany and Poland. A document found from that region dating back to 1450 described the German Spitz breed within it. They were described as valiant guardians of the home and fields. The German Spitz was also used in hunting as well being a favored companion. By the 18th century, the German Spitz became a part of royal families. George I married a German woman and when visitors from Germany came to the English court, the German Spitz was brought with them. There are no written records that show George I or his wife owned any German Spitz. Queen Charlotte, George III’s wife, was said to have several German Spitz dogs that weighed between 20 and 30 pounds. The popularity of the breed saw a sharp decline after World War I but then saw a surge in the 1970s. The German Spitz is very popular in Germany, Australia and Great Britain. The German Spitz is still very rare in the United States. The American Kennel Club has not officially recognized the breed but has accepted them into the Foundation Stock Service registry which is the first step in getting the breed recognized by the AKC. The United Kennel Club (UKC) already recognizes the German Spitz as an individual breed and has been registering dogs since 2006. The UKC recognizes two varieties of the German Spitz, the klein or small and the mittel or medium.
The German Spitz has medium-long coat and comes in a variety of colors from black to white. This includes shades of cream, orange, sable, gold, blue or brown. They can also have any of these colors on a white background making them parti-colored or they can be bi-colored in black and tan. The German Spitz comes in two varieties, the klein or small and the mittel or medium. He is a small, compact dog with a typical spitz or fox-like head and his tail curls over his back. His coat should be thick and medium long with the hair on the head being short and plush. Ears should be small, triangular and erect on the top of the head. His eyes should be dark and alert, giving him an inquisitive expression. His body should be small but sturdy. The German Spitz should never give the appearance of looking fragile or dainty.
The German Spitz has a double coat and will therefore, shed out that undercoat twice a year. Their undercoat is soft and wooly, their topcoat is long and somewhat harsh. The coat should be abundant around the chest and neck and the tail should be plumed. The hair on his face and head will be shorted and plush. He should be groomed several times a week to remove any dirt, debris or loose hairs. He does have fine hairs that shed and will stick to furniture and clothing. A shedding glove may come in handy to wipe him down once a day; a lint roller is a necessity for your furniture and clothing. A pin brush is ideal along with a sturdy steel comb when grooming. Pay close attention to tangles that can form where the legs meet the body and work those tangles loose with the comb. Nails should be trimmed every few weeks. His ears should be cleaned once a week and teeth need to be brushed often to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.