Sloughi

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45-50 lbs
24-27"
North Africa
Arabian Greyhound, Arabian Sighthound, Berber Greyhound, North African Gazelle Hound, Sloughi Moghrebi

The Sloughi is an exceptionally healthy sighthound with very few hereditary disorders that originated in North Africa several hundred years ago. They were frequently employed by the nomadic Berber tribes to help in the hunt for rabbits, deer, and even wild pig. They tend to be a quiet and sensitive breed and they can develop particularly strong bonds with their owner but they are typically reserved with those other than their family. An athletic breed, these dogs need room to run each day and due to their high prey drive, these animals should not be allowed off leash in an unfenced area without extensive training and reliable recall. 

Purpose
hunting small prey
Date of Origin
ancient times
Ancestry
sight hound

Sloughi Health

Average Size
Height: 26-29 inches Weight: 55-65 lbs
Height: 24-27 inches Weight: 45-50 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hypothyroidism
Minor Concerns
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Bloat
  • Anesthesia Sensitivity/Allergy
Occasional Tests
  • Thyroid Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Allergy Tests

Sloughi Breed History

The Sloughi is one of the oldest of domestic dog breeds, dating back to the 13th century at the least, and has possibly been around well before that. The ancestry of the Sloughi reaches so far back in history that its origins remain a mystery. They were originally employed to assist in the hunt and they were able to hunt rabbits, gazelle, pigs, and any other dessert mammal that came along, helping to feed both themselves and their tribes. World Wars I and II were devastating to the Sloughi breed, disrupting breeding programs across Europe. In France during the French occupation, hunting with sighthounds in France or in its occupied countries or territories became illegal and dogs seen hunting were frequently shot on sight. Although this breed has often been compared to the Saluki and sometimes even been mistaken for a short haired Saluki, the two are distinctly different breeds. The first Sloughi dog was introduced to the United States in 1973 from Libya,  and the first litter of US born Sloughi puppies was whelped in 1981. Just a few years later, in 1989, the American Sloughi Association (ASLA) was founded. The Sloughi breed was first recognized by the American Kennel Club as a Foundation Stock Service breed in 1997 and gained the ability to compete in agility, obedience, tracking, and lure coursing events in 2004. Finally, on January 1, 2016, this breed was formally recognized into the hound group by the AKC, and the ASLA was selected as the AKC National Parent Club for the breed. 

Sloughi Breed Appearance

This breed is an athletic breed, possessing an abundance of lean muscle and an elegant, wedge-shaped head. The eyes are generally dark and almond or oval-shaped with pigmented eye rims and a thoughtful, almost melancholy expression and the medium-small triangular ears typically fold slightly forward. The fur of the animal comes in several shades ranging from a light sand color to a mahogany fawn, and of which can include brindling, a black mask, black ears, a black mantle, or a dark overlay, and is always short and fine, laying flat against the dog’s skin. The Sloughi is typically taller than it is long and they have a lengthy, whiplike tail with a distinctive upward curve or curl at the end of it. They have long legs, similar to other sight hounds, and they can be differentiated from the Saluki by its extension. While the Saluki’s paws will often extend past its nose when it is racing, the form of the Sloughi prevents this, and their paws do not extend past the tip of the nose when running.

Sloughi Breed Maintenance

The grooming requirements for this breed are exceedingly simple. A simple rub down with a soft towel or soft brush will remove excess hair and keep them looking neat and tidy. This dog is generally considered to be a fairly clean breed and only requires occasional bathing. The dog hair on the Sloughi breed dog is very thin and in some cases, may not provide adequate protection from the sun’s rays, particularly for dogs with light colored fur, and in these cases, canine sunscreen should be utilized in order to protect the dog from developing skin cancer from exposure to the UV rays. Sloughi skin is thinner than the skin of most dog breeds, but it is not overly sensitive, so while specialty shampoos may not be required, care should be taken not to chafe the skin when drying your Sloughi dog off. These dogs are bred to hunt and chase, and they typically need a great deal of vigorous exercise in order to keep them fit and healthy.

Sloughi Temperament

Although this breed is exceptionally devoted to their person or people, they can appear standoffish and aloof. They are a very quiet breed, and as long as they receive adequate exercise, they can live quite comfortably in an apartment. Proper socialization at an early age will help to keep your Sloughi from becoming overly fearful or aggressive towards other dogs. They do have a strong prey drive so interactions with very small pet animals should either be very closely supervised or in some cases, avoided altogether. They are typically fairly good even with young children, but supervision is recommended for these interactions as well to ensure that both the child and the canine enjoy positive interactions. These dogs are particularly closely bonded to their families, and they are known to have emotional difficulties when being rehomed. Successfully connecting with a previously owned or traumatized Sloughi can be very challenging, but ultimately very rewarding as well. 

Sloughi Owner Experiences

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