Slovensky Cuvac

68-82 lbs
Slovak Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac, Slovensky Kuvac

The Slovensky Cuvac (pronounced Slov-en-SKI Chew-votch) is an impressive dog, closely resembling the Great Pyrenees. The Slovensky Cuvac is not an ideal dog for inexperienced owners and does require significant training to ensure he is a well-adjusted family member. He does excellent with children and other animals. Children easily become his playmates, but he has to understand that children are not equal to or lower than him within the home. Farms and ranches with lots of room to roam and play are ideal for the Slovensky Cuvac, apartment life is not recommended for this large dog. Expect him to guard your home and aloof to strangers who come close to his property.

purpose Purpose
Guardian Dog
history Date of Origin
Ancient times
ancestry Ancestry
Arctic Wolf

Slovensky Cuvac Health

Average Size
Male Slovensky Cuvac size stats
Height: 24-27 inches Weight: 79-97 lbs
Female Slovensky Cuvac size stats
Height: 21-25 inches Weight: 68-82 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually Very Healthy
Minor Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Elbow Dysplasia
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Full Physical Examination
  • OFA on hips and elbows

Slovensky Cuvac Breed History

The Slovensky Cuvac’s ancestry can be traced back to the Arctic wolf. The Artic wolf dates back to pre-ice age. Fossils found in mountainous regions in Europe near the edge of glaciers verify the existence of the Arctic wolf. These regions include the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Carpathians and the Rodope Mountains including the Abruzzi, Alps and Pyrenees. Remains of the Slovensky Cuvac were also found in these regions and in Scandinavia by a Swedish explorer named Wahlenberg. The Slovensky Cuvac was used extensively by the Slovak mountain people to guard livestock and property, pull carts and be a companion. The Slovak mountain people were nomadic and were a free people not enslaved by medieval forced labor. They made sheep’s cheese and other goods to sell and trade without having to be forced into labor to survive. These people became known as Wallachischer Bund and they were mainly located in Kaschau. These people were always with their large mountain dogs and throughout history; these dogs are depicted with them. The Slovensky Cuvac began to find his way into other regions when visitors to the region would come to buy cheese and other goods and become enamored with the fluffy, densely coated white puppies. He became a well-loved companion to people in the low-lands. The official stud book for the Slovensky Cuvac was founded more than thirty years ago by Anton Hruza, a professor at the Brno Veterinary College. The official breed club for the Slovensky Cuvac  was located in Bratislava. The first established kennel for the Slovensky Cuvac was called Ze zlaté studny or “of the Golden Fountain”.

Slovensky Cuvac Breed Appearance

The Slovensky Cuvac is a typical mountain dog with a massive head and a white coat. He is confident, alert and wary of strangers. He has very dense coat that is the same medium-long length on his body except on his head and legs. He does not have feathering on his tail, ears or back of his legs. The hair on his head and legs is shorter and close fitting. His undercoat is soft to the touch and is very thick. The length of the undercoat is usually half to two-thirds the length of the topcoat. The topcoat is between 5 and 15 centimeters in length. His top coat is moderately wavy, but not curly. The waviest coat is on his neck. Waves on his back merge together. The topcoat is harsh to keep him warm and dry. He has a black nose and black pigment on his lips and eye rims. His eyes are dark brown and oval shaped. He is white in color; some yellow shading on his ears is acceptable but not desirable. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Slovensky Cuvac eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Slovensky Cuvac nose
Coat Color Possibilities
white Slovensky Cuvac coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Slovensky Cuvac wavy coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Slovensky Cuvac Breed Maintenance

The Slovensky Cuvac is generally a low maintenance dog. He does need to be groomed weekly using a pin brush and metal comb to ensure his coat is kept healthy. He is a seasonal shedder and shedding will be very heavy twice a year. During this time, he requires daily brushing and warm baths every week while he is shedding. When bathing him, use a whitening shampoo to brighten his coat. Warm baths will help loosen the hair that is shedding and hasten the process. His undercoat is like wool and it does take a long time to brush through. Plan on grooming him for several hours each day until all the shedding is finished. Trim his nails as needed and also the hair between his foot pads. Check his ears weekly and clean them as needed to prevent infection. Set up a routine dental plan to ensure he has healthy teeth and gums. Start brushing his teeth at a young age to ensure he readily accepts his teeth being cleaned. 

Brushes for Slovensky Cuvac
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Slovensky Cuvac requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Slovensky Cuvac Temperament

The Slovensky Cuvac is a faithful friend and a courageous guard dog ready to take on any predator who threatens his flock or family. He is naturally wary of strangers and will be suspicious of any unknown person or animal that comes near their territory. A strong, tall fence is required to keep him contained in his yard. He is a calm dog but will show his liveliness when he is playing with his family. The Slovensky Cuvac does well with children but does need to understand the pack order and he should never be allowed to have authority over any human in the family. Do not leave him unattended with children who are not a part of the family, he may see these children as a threat and become aggressive. He does need a dominant owner and continuous training to ensure he is a well-adjusted family member. The Slovensky Cuvac is not recommended for inexperienced dog owners.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes
activity minutes

Slovensky Cuvac Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $1.90
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$39.00 - $52.00
food bag monthly cost

Slovensky Cuvac Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Slovensky Cuvac size stats at six months
Height: 19.0 inches Weight: 45.0 lbs
Female Slovensky Cuvac size stats at six months
Height: 17.0 inches Weight: 38.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Slovensky Cuvac size stats at 12 months
Height: 23.5 inches Weight: 70.0 lbs
Female Slovensky Cuvac size stats at 12 months
Height: 21.0 inches Weight: 62.5 lbs
18 Months
Male Slovensky Cuvac size stats at 18 months
Height: 25.5 inches Weight: 88.0 lbs
Female Slovensky Cuvac size stats at 18 months
Height: 23.0 inches Weight: 75.0 lbs

Slovensky Cuvac Owner Experiences

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