These strong and kind dogs have very active brains and also require an active lifestyle in order to stay happy. They will do well with an owner that can take them swimming, running, or hiking and keep them occupied with any other physical activities. These dogs will require more socialization than other Retrievers, as they can be naturally distrustful of strangers. They are, however, accepting and playful with other animals. They are very smart, and will sometimes use their intelligence in mischievous ways, which is why proper obedience training is important. The Curly Coated Retriever, also known as the Curly or CCR, originated in the United Kingdom about 300 years ago.
The history of the Curly Coated Retriever is a mystery, but they are assumed to have originated in the United Kingdom and be descendant of Poodles, Retriever Setters, St. John’s Newfoundland as well as Irish and English Water Spaniels, which are now extinct. The Curly Coated Retriever was first shown in the year of 1860 in England. They are also thought of as the first dog breed that was used for retrieving. These dogs were also exceptional hunters, as they were courageous and would persevere through anything, which made them prized by the English gamekeepers who would train them to be hunting and retrieving dogs. However, they were used less and less for hunting when the Labrador made its appearance and became the new favorite. During the wars, this breed of dog almost became extinct. By the end of World War I, only five registered Curly Coated Retrievers remained. They began to gain their numbers, but then lost many again after World War II. These dogs made their first appearance in the United States when they were imported in the year of 1907. In 1924, the first Curly Coated Retriever became registered with the American Kennel Club. The breed began to grow even more as more dogs got imported from Australia, New Zealand and England into the United States in the 1960s. The Curly Coated Club of America was officially created in 1979. Today, the Curly Coated Retriever family is estimated to be around 5000, and under 2000 of them are located in the United States.
Curly Coats are known for their unique curls that can be found covering their whole body. The curls are small, dense and lie close to the skin, which serve as tough protection from any rough brush as well as resists weather and water. They can be looser around the ears, and occasionally these dogs can have longer fringes of hair around the belly, ears, thighs and back of forelegs but they are often trimmed. The coat on the face and forehead, front of forelegs and feet will be straighter. They can be either black or a deep red/brown color, occasionally with a few white hairs but never in patches. These canines are strong and robust but quick and agile, and carry themselves as confident and alert dogs. The head is wedge-shaped in both the front and the side, with large, oval shaped eyes. The ears are small and covered in curls, lying close to the head and slightly above the eye level. They have strong jaws with a scissor bite, and strong, medium length necks that are arched slightly. The Curly Coated Retriever will possess laid back shoulders and straight forelegs that are set under the body. They have a deep chest and a slightly tucked up flank, with a fierce topline that is level with the sloping croup. The body is a bit bigger in length than it is in height. The hindquarters are muscular and the feet are rounded with webbed and arched toes. The tail will be no longer than the hock and when moving, it will be carried straight and level with the topline.
Curly Coated Retrievers are active dogs that need a half hour to one hour a day minimum for exercise. They enjoy having a goal and a job to do, so a good way to keep your dog active and happy is to take them swimming, on long walks, or get them to carry items for you, as long as they are not too heavy for them. They enjoy a challenge, like training for dog activities such as obedience or agility. Puzzle toys are another great way to keep your Curly occupied. As puppies, they are active and rambunctious and will require training when they’re young in order to ensure that they grow up into smart and respectful adults. Curly Coated Retrievers also tend to chew and nip at anything that they can find, which is important to watch out for as some objects that shouldn’t be eaten can cause some damage. Crate training is recommended for this breed to keep them out of trouble and away from things that can harm them. It can also be beneficial, as it will get your puppy used to confined places, which may come in handy if they ever need to be boarded. However, do not keep your Curly locked up all day. They love their family and will want to spend time with you. This breed should be fed twice a day. The amount will depend on the individual and their activity level, but 3-4 cups of food a day will most likely be a good amount. The coat is fairly easy to take care of, and grooming should be taught as a positive experience when they are puppies. The nails should be trimmed as often as the individual dog needs it. If you can hear your pooch's nails clicking on the floor as they walk, they need to be cut. This breed of dog will only need grooming in the spring and fall when they are beginning to shed, and in fact, grooming them more often can cause their coat to become frizzy. Use a plastic or wooden open toothed comb for best results. Shedding seasons are also the best times for baths, but regular baths won’t be necessary for these dogs unless they have gotten into something and are smelly.