By Mel Lee-Smith
Published: 06/09/2021, edited: 11/17/2022
Let's face it — every pet parent is convinced their woofers are worthy of a Westminster win. Sure, we might be a little biased, but we all believe our fur-babies are the cutest in the whole world.
Of course, there's a big difference between being cute and being conformation material. Think your Chow Chow has the chops to win the purple ribbon, but not sure how to get started? We've sniffed out some helpful tips for pet parents who are new to the dog show scene.
First things first — not all dog shows are created equal. There are 2 main types of competitions: conformation shows and performance championships. (Both types of shows have several subtypes, but we'll just cover the basics here.)
Conformation shows, also called breed shows, are probably what you picture when you hear the term "dog show". Dogs don't compete directly against each other — instead, they're judged individually on their ability to meet official breed standards set by national kennel clubs (like the AKC).
These breed standards outline which physical characteristics and behavior traits dogs need to "conform" to the standard. Judges award points according to how well the dog meets their breed standard for things like:
To determine which dog wins Best in Show, the judges use process of elimination. Only intact purebreds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) are eligible to compete in conformation shows in the US.
Performance championships are sports events that evaluate the athletic prowess of canine competitors. Dogs can compete in all sorts of performance championships, including agility, rally-o, scent work, herding, and field trials. Mixed breeds are welcome to compete in many performance shows, although some field trials are breed-specific.
Some dog shows, like Crufts and the National Dog Show, host both comformation and performance championship events.
Can your pets compete in these shows? Sure! But be aware that conformation show dogs are usually bred, raised, and trained for that purpose. You may find it easier to enter your pet in a performance show once they have the training and certifications needed to compete.
Want to purchase a show-quality puppy from a breeder? Prepare to be placed on a waiting list and invest a lot of money — we're talking up to $7,000! Check out our guide on how to find a reputable breeder.
Related: Do Show Dogs Make Good Pets?
Now that you've got an idea of what dog shows involve, it's time to start researching. Here are a few things you can do to get started:
Research your dog's breed standard. The AKC website provides breed standard documents for all officially recognized breeds.
Download a catalog of all the past conformation champions of your dog's breed. Print catalogs are sold at every AKC conformation show.
Watch videos of the type of show you'd like to compete in. The AKC YouTube channel has dozens of informative videos to give you an idea of what to expect.
Sign up for the AKC's New Exhibitor Mentor Program to connect with an experienced handler. The program is an invaluable resource for those new to dog shows.
Join forums or social media groups to see what other handlers are talking about. Engage with the community to pick up some tips and tricks.
Find a groomer who's experienced in grooming your dog's breed for show. Not all groomers are created equal!
You can watch all the videos you want, but they're no substitute for attending an event in person. Once you know what kind of show you'd like to participate in, find an event near you. Bring a notebook along or take notes on your phone to capture any questions you might have. You may also have the opportunity to chat with judges, handlers, and spectators after the show's over.
Alternatively, sign up for a match show, which is sort of like a dress rehearsal. At these practice events, you can source invaluable feedback from fellow pet parents, as well as judges and professional handlers.
Whether your canine is competing in a conformation show or a performance trial, a health checkup is essential. To be eligible for conformation and performance events, dogs must be "in sound health" and current on their vaccinations.
A health exam is especially important for dogs competing in sports shows. Your vet will be able to confirm if your dog is healthy enough to compete. They can also recommend activities, supplements, and dog foods to help enhance your pup's performance in the ring.
Related: Are Dog Shows Ethical?
You've done your homework, attended an event, and visited the vet. Now it's time to get your paws dirty and dig in! If you're looking to compete in conformation shows, join a local AKC club for your breed. Likewise, if you want Sparky to show off their sports skills, join a club for that sport. Use the AKC's Club Search tool to find a club near you.
You can't expect your woofer to win Best in Show with no formal training. No matter which type of show you're competing in, your doggo will need:
For conformation shows, your dog will also need gait training and stack training.
Your dog's gait refers to their walking patterns and speeds. Judges award points based on how closely your dog meets the gait standards for their breed.
You might not think your dog needs any special training just to walk around the show ring. But gait is a key part of your dog's score. Judges will examine how your dog moves and determine whether their gait is symmetrical or asymmetrical.
Stacking refers to standing poses. There are 2 types of stack training: hand stacking and free stacking. Hand stacking involves manually placing a dog into the correct pose. Free stacking involves training the dog to enter the pose on their own.
For performance shows, your dog will need to learn commands relevant to the activity. For example, if you're competing in agility, your pooch must learn how to weave, change direction, walk on an A-frame, and go through a tunnel — all on cue.
Needless to say, training a dog to compete is a lot of work. The good news is, you don't have to go it alone! Enroll in a conformation class or specialist training class, or enlist the help of a dog trainer near you to cover basic commands. Your dog's training is integral to the competition, so review commands often. Remember, practice makes "pawfect"!
Okay, so your pooch has completed their training. It's nearly showtime! But first comes the not-so-fun part: filling out paperwork.
If your dog isn't already registered with the AKC, register them as soon as possible. Only dogs registered with the AKC can compete in club-sponsored events.
You'll also need to register for the show itself and pay an entry fee. For AKC events, submit your entry form as early as you can — the superintendent or show secretary must receive your form at least 2.5 weeks before the date of the show, or by the closing date listed on the superintendent's website. You can mail your form or submit it online via the superintendent's website.
If you're handling your dog, you'll need an AKC Junior Handler number. Contact the AKC via phone or email to obtain one.
Certain events, like obedience trials, have special regulations and procedures. Visit the AKC website to find more information on the eligibility requirements of your dog's sport.
If you're joining a club that's not affiliated with the AKC, contact the club for more information on entry forms, fees, and requirements.
Ready to dig in to the "woofderful" world of dog shows? Download the Wag! app to access everything your pup will need, including dog training services, Wag! Vet Chat, and more!
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