Golden Retriever

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55-70 lbs
Scotland, England
Yellow Retriever

The Golden Retriever is one of the most well-known and popular dog breeds because they make such perfect family companions. This breed gets along well with other pets, children and even strangers. An energetic dog who loves chasing balls and playing games, the Golden Retriever is intelligent, loyal and makes an excellent service dog as well as faithful companion.  Originally developed as a gundog and retriever, he has boundless energy and will not fare well if left home alone for long periods of time. If left home alone with nothing to occupy his time he can become destructive. Interactive toys that make him think are a great way to keep him occupied. 

Retrieving, Gundog
Date of Origin

Golden Retriever Health

Average Size
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 65-75 lbs
Height: 20-22 inches Weight: 55-70 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Cataract
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Trichiasis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Vwd
  • Allergies
  • Pyotraumaticdermatitis
  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
  • Bleeding Disorder
Occasional Tests
  • Cardiac
  • Eye
  • Hip
  • Elbow
  • Blood
  • Dna Test For Vwd
  • X-Rays
  • Physical Examination

Golden Retriever Breed History

The Golden Retriever was said to be created during the Victorian era and possibly has the Tweed Water Spaniel, Yellow Retriever, Wavy-coated Retriever, Flat-coated Retriever and Red Setter in his ancestry. Dudley Marjoribanks, Lord Tweedmouth, is widely accepted as the person to produce the first dogs that were to later become known as the Golden Retriever after many years of breeding various breeds together. However, there are historical documents that suggest the Golden Retriever was already in existence before Lord Tweedmouth began breeding them on his estate in Scotland. In 1911, England’s Kennel Club began classifying these dogs as Retriever – Yellow or Golden, and then in 1920 the name was officially changed to Retriever – Golden. The American Kennel Club registered the first Golden Retrievers as foundation stock in 1925. The Golden Retriever was officially recognized as an AKC breed in 1932. The Golden Retriever has become one of the most popular dog breeds and most recognizable thanks to his role in Hollywood movies such as Homeward Bound and Air Bud. He is more than just a glamorous movie star, though. The Golden Retriever makes an excellent child’s companion as well as doing well at search and rescue, arson detection, drug detection, therapy and disability assistance. He is also still a well-rounded hunting dog. Many people enjoy participating in dog sports with their Golden Retriever including agility, flyball, dock diving and obedience. His intelligence and high energy level makes him ideal for most of these sports and creates an even tighter bond with their owner.

Golden Retriever Breed Appearance

The Golden Retriever has a dense coat that is water repellent with a thick undercoat. The outer coat must not be coarse or too silky. It must lie close to the body and not be puffy; the outer coat can be either straight or wavy. There should be moderate feathering on the forelegs and underbody. Heavier feathering must be present on the front of the neck, back of the thighs and on the underside of the tail. Golden Retrievers should have lustrous color in various shades of gold. Cream is an acceptable color. His feathering can be a lighter color than the rest of his coat. The Golden Retriever should never be white or have white markings.  Nor should he have any black or other coloring on his body. Black nose, lips and eye rims are expected. He should have dark, inquisitive eyes and alert ears that hang down to about the outer edge of the eye. Ears that are too long, too short or stand up are not correct and will not portray the classic Golden Retriever look.

Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Golden Retriever Breed Maintenance

While the Golden Retriever is the perfect family companion, he can also be very high maintenance. He requires regular brushing and bathing. The Golden Retrievee is considered to be an excessive shedder and his hair will mat if left ungroomed. When grooming, pay close attention to his underbody and where his legs and body meet. These areas tend to have excessive matting. He will have major shedding twice a year, during this time, daily brushing is required to keep the hair from getting everywhere in your home. Even after shedding all their undercoat, the Golden Retriever will still shed and hair will get on your furniture and clothing.  You can use a shedding glove on him once a day to help alleviate the excessive shedding but it will not completely eliminate the hairs that tend to find their way onto everything.  Golden Retrievers love water and dirt. He will find mud puddles, ponds and pools. Regular baths are recommended when he discovers mud or dirt. Freshwater rinses are recommended when he gets into ponds, streams or pools to remove any debris or chlorine from his coat. He is playful so expect him to think bath time is just another game. Be prepared to have a bath with him! Ears should be cleaned once a week and kept dry to prevent ear infections from occurring. Regular nail trimmings about every 2-3 weeks should also be done. Teeth brushing to keep teeth and gums healthy should also be done daily or at least weekly.

Brushes for Golden Retriever
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Golden Retriever Temperament

The Golden Retriever can at times be a complete clown and loves to play and be active. He is kind, gentle and very eager to please. He will do anything for affection and loves everyone including strangers. The Golden Retriever is the ideal family pet as they love children, adults and other animals equally. He will require proper training to become a well-adjusted member of your family. Do not leave a Golden Retriever unsupervised with younger children until he is through his adolescent phase. He can easily develop sibling rivalry and play a little too rough with children. This is not because he is jealous or mean; it is simply because he can view children as equals or littermates. Be sure to delineate children’s toys from dog toys and do not allow your children to play with dog toys unless they are playing with the dog. He will require a lot of exercise and mental games to keep him from getting bored. Long walks, play time in the back yard and interactive toys are right up his alley. When left to his own devices for too long, expect to come home to a mess. He can become destructive and a nuisance barker. If not properly trained, the Golden Retriever will push the limits and can become obnoxious. Behaviors that can develop include barking, digging, and chewing, stealing food, taking toys from children, lapse in house training and jumping. The Golden Retriever is a product of his environment. Homes where he is active and social with the family and has received training are ideal. He will become a well-adjusted member of the family and be extremely happy and ready to please. Homes where he is left alone for long periods of time or has not had the proper training are not ideal as he will become destructive and be unhappy.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Golden Retriever Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$2 - $2.3
Monthly Cost
$60 - $67.5

Golden Retriever Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 50 lbs
Height: 18 inches Weight: 40 lbs
12 Months
Height: 22 inches Weight: 60 lbs
Height: 20 inches Weight: 50 lbs
18 Months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 70 lbs
Height: 21 inches Weight: 62 lbs

Top Golden Retriever Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Golden Retriever breeders of 2017.
PlayTyme Papillons
Middleville, Michigan
Evergrace Goldens
Saint Louis, Missouri
Bowden's Goldens
Oxford, Maine
Golden Sunrise Retrievers
Toledo, Ohio
Citrine Kennels
Deer Island, Oregon
Gold Ducat Kennels
Leander, Texas
Asterling Goldens
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Gold-Rush Goldens
Princeton, New Jersey
Sweet Gold Farm
Enumclaw, Washington
EveningStar Kennels
Aguanga, California

Golden Retriever Owner Experiences