Spanish Hound

50-60 lbs
19-21"
Spain
Sabueso Espanol, Great Spanish Hound, Spanish Lebrero Hound

The Spanish Hound is an old breed that was originally used to hunt all kinds of game ranging from fox and hare to wild boar and bear. They have amazing stamina and can run for long distances when they pick up the scent of their prey. The Spanish Hound is a high energy breed and requires a large area to run or they can easily become destructive. These dogs are not meant for apartment living and must be contained behind a secure fence when they are not hunting. They were used exclusively for work and were not necessarily a companion, although with plenty of patience and exercise they can settle into a home and become a faithful addition to the family. 

Purpose
Small and Large Game Hunter
Date of Origin
Middle Ages
Ancestry
Unknown

Spanish Hound Health

Average Size
Male Spanish Hound size stats
Height: 20-22 inches Weight: 55-65 lbs
Female Spanish Hound size stats
Height: 19-21 inches Weight: 50-60 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Ear Infections
  • Gastric Torsion
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Ectropion
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Elbow Dysplasia
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Yearly Eye Exam
  • Yearly Physical Examination
  • OFA on hips and elbows

Spanish Hound Breed History

The Spanish Hound’s first written record can be found from the 1300's in the book Libro de la Monteria del Rey D Alfonso XI. The King of Castile writes about hounds with similar attributes of the Spanish Hound along with specific Bloodhounds. The Spanish Hound was also written about with various descriptions, but all referring to the same breed, in Spanish hunting treaties: Treaty of Monteria dated in the 15th century, Discourse of Monteria dated in the 16th century, and Origin and Dignity of Hunting dated in the 17th century. It was during these times that hounds bred and born in Spain were used to mainly hunt wild boar and bear. These Spanish Hounds were used as blood dogs and could follow the scent of a wounded animal for miles. With the introduction of firearms to big game hunting, the population of the big game sharply declined and the need for the Spanish Hound decreased. The use of these hounds in the northern regions of Spain turned to small game, especially fox and hare. The Spanish Hound was still used in hunting roe deer and wild boar, which were very prevalent throughout northern Spain. Artwork documenting the breed depicted them in two varieties or sizes. The Great Spanish Hound was the larger built dog and the Spanish Lebrero Hound was the smaller, lighter built dog. The population of big game throughout Spain has since rebounded and the use of the Spanish Hound was re-introduced in the early 1980s. In 1982 the Spanish Hound’s breed standard was written and breeders began breeding to meet the standard. Even though the Spanish Hound is indigenous to the northern region of Spain possibly dating back to the late Middle Ages, their history is a bit muddied and it was not until the 20th century that the breed was actually recognized and standardized. The Spanish Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1996.

Spanish Hound Breed Appearance

The Spanish Hound is a medium to large sized dog with long ears that flare toward the rounded tips that must reach beyond the tip of the nose when pulled forward. The ears should hang freely and can twist into a corkscrew. They have strong, well muscled legs and a rounded ribcage giving them the ability to run for miles without tiring or becoming winded. Being a blood hound, they have prominent noses that can be either black or flesh colored. They have medium sized eyes that are almond shaped and dark brown. Their expression should be slightly sad and noble. Their nails can also be flesh colored instead of black depending on the dog’s coloring. The Spanish Hound is predominantly white with orange markings or patches. The orange can vary from a lemony yellow to a russet red. Dogs that are predominantly orange with white markings are acceptable but not desirable in the show ring. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Spanish Hound eyes
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
black Spanish Hound nose
Black
brown Spanish Hound nose
Brown
Coat Color Possibilities
pied Spanish Hound coat
Pied
red Spanish Hound coat
Red
white Spanish Hound coat
White
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Spanish Hound straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Spanish Hound Breed Maintenance

Even though the Spanish Hound has a short, smooth coat they still shed and this will increase in the spring and fall. To keep their coats healthy, brush them at least once a week. This will keep the coat sleek, and limit any loose hairs from floating around the house. When brushing use a soft slicker brush, natural bristle brush or a hound mitt. Check the hair between their foot pads and trim with scissors any hair that is too long and that can collect debris. Be sure to check their ears at least once a week and keep them dry. Spanish Hounds are prone to ear infections and any moisture or dirt that accumulates can cause serious problems. Clean the ears with a cotton ball and hydrogen peroxide. They do not have a foul or strong odor and should only need to be bathed a few times each year unless they get extremely dirty when on a hunt. 

Brushes for Spanish Hound
Slicker Brush
Scissors
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Spanish Hound requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Spanish Hound Temperament

The Spanish Hound is a true hunting dog. They have a strong sense of smell and can track a wounded animal over various terrains for many miles. Their distinctive voice can carry for many miles while they are on the hunt and they are not afraid to use their vocal skills when left alone for long periods of time. Expect them to become destructive if you do not give them plenty of room to run and play. Being a large game hunter, the Spanish Hound can be tenacious and unrelenting when working. They can become territorial and can make great watchdogs; their voice alone will make strangers think twice about entering your home. They are more independent and do require a strong leader within the home. The Spanish Hound has been strictly a working breed and is not generally kept solely as a companion; they will need a lot of training and attention to settle into life as simply a companion. 

Spanish Hound Activity Requirements

The Spanish Hound is a working dog with a strong prey drive. They do require a significant amount of daily exercise and human interaction to keep them healthy and happy. They require a large, secure fenced yard to keep them contained when you cannot be with them. Keep them leashed when going for walks or they may take off after a scent and leave you in the dust. Interactive toys are a good way to keep them entertained so they do not become destructive or obnoxious when left alone. The Spanish Hound is independent and does not usually choose to interact with a pack, they much prefer playing only with one or two canine friends so dog parks may not be the best choice for them. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Spanish Hound Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.6 cups
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $1.90
Monthly Cost
$39.00 - $52.00

Spanish Hound Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Spanish Hound size stats at six months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 30 lbs
Female Spanish Hound size stats at six months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 26 lbs
12 Months
Male Spanish Hound size stats at 12 months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 50 lbs
Female Spanish Hound size stats at 12 months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 44 lbs
18 Months
Male Spanish Hound size stats at 18 months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 60 lbs
Female Spanish Hound size stats at 18 months
Height: 20 inches Weight: 55 lbs

Spanish Hound Owner Experiences

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