Standard Schnauzer

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35-45 lbs
17-18"
Germany
Mittelschnauzer

The Standard Schnauzer is the prototypical breed that gave rise to all modern Schnauzers and developed in Germany during the Middle Ages.  The Standard Schnauzer was originally bred for ratting and vermin control as well as guarding.  Schnauzers were considered peasant dogs for farm and utility work for most of their history before catching the eyes of German dog fanciers in the 19th century.  It was during this time that the Miniature and the Giant Schnauzers were also established as secondary breeds of the Standard Schnauzer.  The Standard Schnauzer was shown in Germany as early as 1879 and gained American Kennel Club recognition in 1904.

Purpose
ratting, guardian
Date of Origin
middle ages
Ancestry
schnauzer, pinscher, poodle, wolf spitz

Standard Schnauzer Health

Average Size
Height: 18-20 inches Weight: 40-50 lbs
Height: 17-18 inches Weight: 35-45 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatitis
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
  • Bladder Stones
  • Portosystemic Shunt
Occasional Tests
  • Blood
  • Blood And Urine Protein Screens
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Standard Schnauzer Breed History

The Standard Schnauzer is the oldest of the three Schnauzer breeds and the prototypical dog.  Believed to have developed in the Middle Ages in Germany, this Terrier type breed is seen in artwork dating back to the 15th century where the breed was often depicted in the wooden carved artwork of Albrecht Dürer.  Originally bred to assist on the farm and hunt vermin, the Standard Schnauzer also provided guard protection for farmers on their way to market.  The Schnauzer name is a literal German translation of mustache and the German name, Mittelschnauzer translates as a bearded muzzle. It is believed German Poodles, the Wolf Spitz, and Wire-haired Pinschers contributed to the development of the Standard Schnauzer early on, but no breed standardization practices occurred for most of the history of this utility dog.  Unnoticed by most of the world until the 19th century, the Schnauzer continued to work as a farm and guard dog in Germany.  In the mid-1800s, this dog caught the attention of German dog fanciers who wished to develop the standard and establish the breed in Germany.  Early standard breeding programs crossed German Poodles with the Schnauzer to give the breed a more regal look and standardize the coloring. Historically known as the Wire-haired Pinschers, the Standard Schnauzer was being shown in Germany by the late 1800s and shortly after was imported to the Americas.  The breed was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1904.  It’s very close cousins, the Miniature, and the Giant Schnauzer also developed in the 1800s and gained their notoriety and breed in time.

Standard Schnauzer Breed Appearance

The Standard Schnauzer is a sturdy, heavy-boned robust breed that is square-shaped.  The head of a Standard Schnauzer is rectangular and elongated.  The eyes are dark, expressive, medium, and oval-shaped.  The Standard Schnauzer’s ears are set high and stand erect when cropped.  If left uncropped, the ears are medium, V-shaped, and fall forward.  The muzzle accentuates the rectangular shape of the head, and long hair covers the muzzle and under the chin giving this breed mustaches and a bearded, old man look.  The old man look is further seen with the long, wiry eyebrow hair.  The lips are tight, and the teeth meet in a scissor bite. The forelegs having sloping shoulder blades and join at the arm to form a near right angle when viewed from the side.  The forelegs are straight without any curvature from any sides and end is small, compact, round feet with thick black pads.  The hind legs are powerfully muscled and do not appear taller than the shoulders.  The hind legs are short and perpendicular to the ground and end in feet the same at the front.  The tail is set moderately high, carried erect, and docked to between one and two inches. 

Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
Pied
Black
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Standard Schnauzer Breed Maintenance

With a medium length coat, the Standard Schnauzer requires regular grooming.  The beard and leg hair, which is longer on the Schnauzer, must be brushed often to prevent matting.  The wiry topcoat of a Schnauzer is stripped twice a year to allow for new growth.  Frequent brushing will help remove dead and loose hair and aid this process.  Keep in mind that machine clipping the coat will change the texture and color of the coat.  If you wish to keep your Schnauzer looking his best, frequent brushing and the occasional bath is your safest bet.  Toe nail clipping, ear checking, and teeth brushing are also highly recommended to help keep your Schnauzer looking and feeling his best. The Standard Schnauzer is a high energy dog that needs a lot of varied exercise.  They can become bored with the repetitive tasks and require a lot of interaction.  If given proper exercise, this breed has a high tolerance for apartment and urban living.  Additionally, this breed can tolerate both hot and cold climates, making it suitable for a broad range of environments. When it comes to feeding your Standard Schnauzer, he is a medium-sized dog that requires 1 to 2 cups of dry food divided into two meals daily.  The amount of food you feed your dog will depend on his activity level, age, and metabolism.  You should pay close attention to their nutritional needs and adjust food portions as necessary.

Brushes for Standard Schnauzer
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Comb
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Standard Schnauzer Temperament

The Standard Schnauzer’s all-around friendliness is moderate, but this breed is certainly affectionate towards its family as well as children.  However, this breed does not tolerate much rough play so the children should be taught to respect play time with a Standard Schnauzer and play as gently as possible.  The Standard Schnauzer has deep instinctual roots as a guard dog and is a vocal dog.  Additionally, this breed will bark and not approach strangers or be leery of strangers. The Standard Schnauzer is moderately friendly towards other dogs and may be slightly more aggressive towards unknown cats or small animals.  Early socialization with family pets will help the Standard Schnauzer accept all pets under its guardianship role. The Standard Schnauzer has high energy and loves to run and bounce off furniture.  Regular exercise time is a must to help burn off some of the extra energy and calm this dog down while indoors.  The Standard Schnauzer is also not the best dog for novice owners since this breed needs a lot of attention and training to overcome its sometimes-stubborn nature.  This breed is highly intelligent but also loves to give chase and doesn’t recall well.  With consistency, time, and a lot of firm yet gentle training, owners can overcome some of the training obstacles and enjoy their Standard Schnauzer.

Standard Schnauzer Activity Requirements


Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Standard Schnauzer Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2 cups
Daily Cost
$1.8 - $2
Monthly Cost
$52.5 - $60

Standard Schnauzer Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 17 inches Weight: 30 lbs
Height: 15 inches Weight: 25 lbs
12 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 37 lbs
Height: 16 inches Weight: 32 lbs
18 Months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 45 lbs
Height: 17 inches Weight: 40 lbs

Top Standard Schnauzer Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Standard Schnauzer breeders of 2017.
Schone Standard Schnauzer
Alvin, Texas
Lolo Peak Schnauzer
Lolo, Montana
Keygolde Schnauzers
Livermore, California
Azzuma Giant Schnauzers
Forest City, North Carolina
Skansen Kennel
Sebastopol, California
Fanta C Giant Schnauzers
Bedford, Indiana
Kamarich Standard Schnauzers
Hillsville, Virginia

Standard Schnauzer Owner Experiences