Afghan Hound

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40-50 lbs
Middle East, Afghanistan, Persia
Tazi, Baluchi Hound, African Hound, Shalgar Hound

The Afghan Hound came from the cold mountains in the Middle East and expanded from there to Persia and Afghanistan. They have long, thick flowing hair to protect them from the sub-zero temperatures. They come in many different colors such as gold, brown, white, and black. According to the American Kennel Club, the Afghan Hound is the 113th most popular dog breed in the United States. They have a high energy level and they are big dogs so they need a large fenced-in yard to play in. Apartment life would not be recommended. They were originally bred to flush out rabbits and gazelle for hunting with nomadic tribes but now they are mostly kept as companion pets.

hunting rabbits and gazelle
Date of Origin
ancient times
saluki (persian greyhound)

Afghan Hound Health

Average Size
Height: 24-29 inches Weight: 44-60 lbs
Height: 22-25 inches Weight: 40-50 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Demodectic Mange
  • Cataracts
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Thyroid
  • Corneal Opacities
Minor Concerns
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Hip X-Rays
  • Heart

Afghan Hound Breed History

The Afghan Hound is thought to be one of the oldest of the domestic dog breeds, dating all the way back to 4,000 BC when they stayed hidden in the mountains of Afghanistan in the Middle East. That is where it got its name. However, the breed was brought to Britain by the British soldiers in the 1920s and then to the United States in 1926, when the breed was officially recognized by the AKC. There are 13 different types of Afghan Hounds recorded in Afghanistan and they won Best in Show at the competition in Westminster in 1957 and 1983. Because they are naturally excellent hunters, they were used thousands of years ago by the nomads in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan to hunt large game. According to the AKC, the Afghan Hound was able to take down both small and large animals such as antelopes and leopards by grabbing them by the neck. It is said that this breed was commonly owned by leaders of war such as Alexander the Great and Genghis Khan. Interestingly, Zeppo Marx of the Marx Brothers was one of the first owners of Afghan Hounds in the United States. Another interesting fact is that the Afghan Hound became extremely popular in 1981 after Mattel introduced Barbie’s pet Afghan Hound named Beauty. In addition, the first dog to be cloned was an Afghan Hound named Snuppy. This was done in 2005 in South Korea by using skin cells of a three-year-old Afghan Hound and 123 surrogate mothers. There were three successful pregnancies. However, one was a miscarriage and the other died of pneumonia right after birth. Snuppy was healthy and lived to be 10 years old.

Afghan Hound Breed Appearance

Beautiful and elegant, the Afghan Hound exhibits grace in movement, and speed when on the run. Their coats are thick and shiny, giving the breed a luxurious look. Agile and sleek, the Afghan Hound has a high pelvis that adds to their already very distinct look. A narrow face sits atop an elegant, fluid body. The ears are long and pendant so care must be taken to inspect and clean them often; this can be done when brushing the coat. Colors of the silky coat can vary greatly and include nine distinct shades according to the AKC. Black and tan, cream, and silver are three of them. Markings can be described as a mask.

Afghan Hound Breed Maintenance

The Afghan Hound needs a lot of maintenance because of their long, silky, and thick coat. You will have to brush your Afghan Hound every day and do a thorough brushing and grooming at least once a week. This includes removing numerous mats and tangles in the fur individually and carefully, using a fine-toothed comb, pin brush, and slicker brush for Afghans. It makes it easier if you bathe your dog with special shampoo and conditioner before grooming. Brush your Afghan Hound from the skin out, using a blow dryer on the low setting to part the hair. Pay special attention to the armpits, between the toes, and behind the ears. Inspect the ears well because they have a tendency to get infected since they are pendulous. Brush your Afghan Hound’s teeth daily as well for good dental health. A house with a big yard is a great place to raise your Afghan Hound. If you live in an apartment, you will have to take them on an extra-long walk every day. In addition, you need to feed them a high-quality dog food as directed by your veterinarian.

Afghan Hound Breed Activity Requirements

The Afghan Hound is a breed that needs to be kept active to be at their best. Owing to the fact that their natural instincts are to run and hunt, agility classes and plenty of time at the dog park will be fun for your dog. However, obedience training sessions should be consistently attended along with the leisure activities as this breed, though smart, has an independent spirit that may need to be kept in check. A busy dog is a happy dog, and the Afghan Hound is no exception.