Yorkie Russell

5-18 lbs
Yorkshire Terrier
Jack Russell Terrier
A lively mix of two of England's storied working Terriers, the Jack Russell and the Yorkshire, the Yorkie Russell is a small, energetic dog with a big personality. They are sweet, affectionate dogs with a playful attitude and are constantly seeking attention from their owners. Even maxing out at only 15 inches tall, these pint-sized pooches have no reservations when it comes to exploration, as their Terrier-bred nature means they are often brave and inquisitive, which can also get them into trouble. Despite being intelligent and keen problem-solvers, they are quite stubborn, making training a challenge at times. They are notoriously high-energy and if not provided a physical or mental outlet, can also become destructive and noisy, as they often default to being a watch dog, even if the job is not given to them. While these behaviors can become troublesome, with the right amount of attention, training, and exercise, they can make exceptional companions for a good variety of living situations.
Date of Origin
Jack Russell Terrier and Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkie Russell Health

Average Size
Male Yorkie Russell size stats
Height: 8-15 inches Weight: 5-18 lbs
Female Yorkie Russell size stats
Height: 8-15 inches Weight: 5-18 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Portacaval Shunt
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Cataracts
  • Tracheal Collapse
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Subaortic Stenosis
  • Canine Cushing’s Disease
  • Canine Glaucoma
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Epilepsy
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Cerebellar Ataxia
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative Myopathy (DM)
  • Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)
Occasional Tests
  • Knee
  • Liver Ultrasound
  • CERF
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination
  • Endoscopy
  • Brain Auditory Evoked Response (BAER)
  • DNA for VWD

Yorkie Russell Breed History

While the recent designer hybrid has little standing in terms of a timeline, both parent breeds are well established in English history as working dogs. The Industrial Revolution brought many Scottish immigrants into England in search of work and with them, they brought several breeds of Terriers. While it is believed that the Yorkshire Terrier developed through mixing these varied breeds such as the Paisley, Tan Toy, Black English and Skye, there is little documented evidence to prove their exact lineage, since most of the breeding was done by mill workers whose sole aim was to produce a dog to keep the vermin population as low as possible. By the late 1860s, a popular show dog had emerged named Huddersfield Ben, raising the desire for the breed thanks to his refined traits. After becoming a well-known stud in the following years, he was attributed the title "father of the breed" and is still known as such today. Americans got their first real taste of the Yorkshire during the Victorian era, as they embraced the breed as much as they did Victorian customs. Their popularity fell again in the 1940s, but during the war, a famous war dog named Smoky re-energized enthusiasm for the breed and carried their popularity into top-10 status in recent years. Like the Yorkshire, much of the Jack Russell's lineage can be largely attributed to one dog, Trump, whose owner, Reverend John Russell, was a parson and hunting enthusiast who purchased him from a local milkman in 1819. Trump, at the time, was simply called a "fox terrier," a blanket term for any hunting Terrier used to force foxes from their holes. He was nearly pure white with touches of tan on his face and the base of his tail, the perfect coloring to help distinguish hunter from prey. Combined with stamina, courage, and a perfectly tempered aggressiveness that never resulted in the "unsporting" result of bitten prey, Trump made the perfect dog to refine the breed in its earliest years. While Russell himself did go through many dogs due to financial trouble, thus muddying the clarity of the breed's lineage, Trump is still held in high regard as one of the breed's signature studs. Russell himself had his name eventually attributed to the breed for his work, which was furthered by two other Englishmen who knew Russell and likely received at least some of his dogs before he passed. They formed the Parson Jack Russell Terrier Club and it is believed that their aim to hunt badgers instead of foxes led to the addition of Bull Terriers  in the bloodline. After World War II, demand for hunting dogs plummeted, but the public desire for the dogs only shifted into that of companion dogs, which was met with breeds like Welsh Corgis and Chihuahuas being interbred as well, known then as "Shortie Jacks" and "Russell Terriers." In 1976, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America was formed, finally restricting the breeding lines into what we know today.

Yorkie Russell Breed Appearance

The Yorkie Russell is a short, light dog usually standing under 15 inches tall and under 20 pounds of total weight. They can sport a variety of coats that are most commonly long and can be straight or wire-haired, coming in a good breadth of colors including combinations of black, white, tan and even silver and blue. They have short to medium length snouts with black noses and elongated mustaches and eyebrows. Their eyes are round and marble-like and they usually hold a rather lively expression. Their ears are most commonly pricked or folded with the same long hair jutting out all over, completing their unkempt look. They have a squarish, slightly forward-leaning stance, are more long than tall, are well-muscled in the legs and chest and usually have a medium length, upright tail.
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Yorkie Russell eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Yorkie Russell nose
Coat Color Possibilities
silver Yorkie Russell coat
fawn Yorkie Russell coat
brown Yorkie Russell coat
blue Yorkie Russell coat
white Yorkie Russell coat
black Yorkie Russell coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Yorkie Russell straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Yorkie Russell Breed Maintenance

With the types of coats this hybrid breed can end up with, it's safe to say there is a range of maintenance they will require, mostly based on the dog's coat length and density. In general, it will take at least a mild amount of care, as the longer coats need consistent brushing, at least a few times a week, to keep everything clean and healthy. A few brushes a week between a pin brush and a comb should suffice. Bathing is generally up to the owner's discretion and the dog's coat characteristics, but should still occur every few weeks, consisting of washing them with a dog-specific shampoo and conditioner if possible, as conditioners can soften the hair and make them more comfortable for the dog and easier to manage for the owner. Depending on the length, the coat should also be trimmed not only to reduce the amount of overall maintenance, but also so the dog can function as normal, allowing them to have a good field of vision and trimmed feet. Folded ears will also need to be monitored, as excess moisture can cause unwanted bacteria buildup, so owners will want to check them regularly for any changes. Everything else is pretty standard including regular tooth brushing at least once a week and nail trimming when necessary.
Brushes for Yorkie Russell
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Yorkie Russell requires daily brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Yorkie Russell Temperament

Overall, Yorkie Russells are bright, happy, affectionate and intelligent dogs with a playful attitude. More than almost all else, they absolutely love attention, which of course can be good and bad. If they're not given enough, they do have a tendency to become destructive or display unwanted behavior like excessive barking. Thanks to their Jack Russell lineage, they are also pretty high-energy dogs and take quite a bit of exercise to keep them happy, healthy and behaving in a positive manner. While they are generally accepting of most people and other dogs, they are a bit more wary around small children, so extra care should be taken when younger kids are in the vicinity. Yorkie Russells, like both parent breeds, are also highly intelligent, great problem solvers and are often headstrong and stubborn because of it, so combinations of training, exercise and mentally stimulating games are highly encouraged to keep them at their best. Given their affectionate nature, with a fair amount of love, training and attention, they make excellent family dogs that are relatively adaptable to a wide variety of home life settings.

Yorkie Russell Activity Requirements

For their size, Yorkie Russells are moderately high-energy dogs and need frequent exercise, attention and engaging play to keep happy. They enjoy long walks and open spaces to run to burn off their excess energy, so if properly socialized, are prime candidates for fetch at the dog park. Physically, they need around 9 to 10 miles of walking per week if possible, plus another 45 minutes of play per day to stay happy and healthy. Since they are such a keen breed, engaging them with treat toys and mentally stimulating games will also help curb their tendency to get restless.
Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
9 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

Yorkie Russell Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.80 - $1.30
Monthly Cost
$20.00 - $30.00

Yorkie Russell Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Yorkie Russell size stats at six months
Height: 8 inches Weight: 8 lbs
Female Yorkie Russell size stats at six months
Height: 8 inches Weight: 8 lbs
12 Months
Male Yorkie Russell size stats at 12 months
Height: 9 inches Weight: 9 lbs
Female Yorkie Russell size stats at 12 months
Height: 9 inches Weight: 9 lbs
18 Months
Male Yorkie Russell size stats at 18 months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 11 lbs
Female Yorkie Russell size stats at 18 months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 11 lbs

Yorkie Russell Owner Experiences

Lady Deuces
6 Months
2 People
Overall FANTASTIC love her so much shes a great addition to our family
39 minutes ago
3 Years
1 People
House & Yard
He is textbook size, color, and temperament. He also has a 9-inch slightly bushy tail which he carries in a perfect circle. Makes me wonder
3 months, 3 weeks ago
7 Months
4 People
House & Yard
She likes the fetchbthe ball
We got a week ago Thursday , she loves our cat eskie, plays with her toys , and loves to sniff
6 months, 3 weeks ago
9 Months
2 People
Playing with the ball
Rose has changed my life, she is so happy and energetic and is so friendly with everything person she meets. She's a very affectionate little puppy and gives lots of slobbery kisses! I have found it quite slow and a bit frustrating with training but we are slowly getting there.
9 months ago
Riley Rose
8 Months
1 People
Playing in the snow
Road trip
Riley is the most happy go lucky pup I’ve ever meant. She loves adventure and being introduced to new experiences. She is very active I’m mean super active. Loves attention and will let you know if she feels you not giving her any attention. She is very affectionate and loves being pampered.
1 year, 5 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd