Taiwan Dog

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26-35 lbs
17-19"
Taiwan
Taiwanese Canis, Taiwanese Native Dog, Takasago Dog, Formosan Mountain Dog

The Taiwan Dog is a rare breed that is hard to find outside of his native country. He is a versatile dog used for many things including hunting, guarding, search and rescue, stunt work or just as a family companion. He is a medium sized dog that is able to adapt to harsh terrain and most living situations. The Taiwan Dog is a very trainable dog and does well in many dog sports. He also loves to play games and perform tricks that will get him some sort of reward. He works best on when a reward system is put in place; he will become stubborn and unresponsive if he is handled roughly. 

Purpose
Hunting, Guard Dog
Date of Origin
Ancient Times
Ancestry
South Asian Hunting Dogs

Taiwan Dog Health

Average Size
Height: 19-20 inches Weight: 31-40 lbs
Height: 17-19 inches Weight: 26-35 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Cataracts
  • Canine Glaucoma
Occasional Tests
  • CERF
  • OFA on hips and elbows

Taiwan Dog Breed History

The Taiwan Dog is native to Taiwan and is thought to descend from ancient South Asian hunting dogs of unknown origins. These ancient hunting dogs lived with local tribes in the central mountains of Taiwan but were never considered fully tame. He was a companion to these people and helped hunters find game. He was kept by the aboriginal Taiwanese people for hunting purposes and to help guard the tribe against predators. During this time, it is believed these were the only type of dog in Taiwan until 1624 when Dutch colonists began arriving in Taiwan. During this time, the Dutch brought with them other dog breeds. The purity of the breed was greatly threatened with the importation of other dog breeds. The Taiwan Dog also saw a huge decline in numbers during the times when Japan and China ruled over Taiwan. The Taiwan Dog almost became extinct after the Chinese introduced their culture including dog eating to Taiwan. Dr. Sung Yung-yi brought together a group of Taiwan Dog fanciers during the 1970s and diligently began resurrecting the breed. They were able to locate about 160 Taiwan Dogs in the central mountain region. Of these dogs, only about 46 were thought to be purebred. A breeding program was begun using these 46 dogs. Dr. Sung Yung-yi’s son, Ming Nan Chen took over the breeding program and it is still in existence. There is very little documented history on the Taiwan Dog so in 1980 a collaborative study was conducted by researchers from the National Taiwan University, Nagoya University and Japan Gifu University. Researchers went into twenty-nine different tribes within the central mountains and interviewed historians. Confirmation was made that the Taiwan Dog did in fact descend directly from these half-wide South Asian hunting dogs. These hunting dogs are thought to have come to Taiwan between 20,000 and 10,000 years ago. This makes the Taiwan Dog one of the oldest dog breeds still in existence. 

Taiwan Dog Breed Appearance

The Taiwan Dog is a unique, medium sized dog with a triangular head and thin ears that stand up. His ears are positioned on the sides of his skull at about a 45 degree angle, the inner outline of the ear is straight but the outside of the ear is rounded slightly. He is well balanced and well muscled, but does not give the appearance of being powerful. He has wide nostrils while his nose is moderately sized and usually black in color, although lighter colors are acceptable on lighter colored dogs. The Taiwan Dog has almond shaped eyes that are dark brown in color and gives him a slightly questioning look. Lighter colored eyes are not desirable. His coat is a single coat that is harsh to the touch and short. It should fit tightly to the body and be between 1 ½ to 3 centimeters in length. The Taiwan Dog comes in a variety of colors including black, fawn, brindle, white, white and fawn, white and black, and white and brindle. 

Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
Black
Fawn
Brindle
White
Pied
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Taiwan Dog Breed Maintenance

The Taiwan Dog is a relatively easy to maintain breed. He has a short coat that sheds lightly. To keep his coat and skin healthy, brush him with a soft, natural bristle brush or a soft slicker brush. To keep him shiny and clean, rub him down with a damp, soft cloth once a week. He does not have a strong doggy smell and does not require frequent baths, when he does get bathed, use a mild shampoo for harsh coats. His toenails should be checked every two to three weeks and trimmed as needed. He can be a little touchy about having his nails trimmed.  Clean his ears every week to ensure that dirt is removed and no infections can occur. The Taiwan Dog is not a dog that drools overmuch. Even though he has a single coat, he is not a hypoallergenic dog, although people with mild allergies may be able to be around the Taiwan Dog without severe reactions. 

Brushes for Taiwan Dog
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Taiwan Dog Temperament

The Taiwan Dog is a fearless and loyal companion. He loves his family and will be protective of them around strangers. He will not willingly go up to strangers to greet them but will sit back and watch. The Taiwan Dog loves children and will spend hours playing games with them or simply watching over them as they play. He can be hardheaded and does require training in order for him to understand his role within the family. He does not respond well to harsh treatment or commands and will not work for a trainer that does not give him positive reinforcement. The Taiwan Dog trains best using the reward system. His devotion to his home and family makes him a wonderful companion for almost any type of environment as long as he is given the opportunity to run and play each day. Being native to Taiwan, he does find cold weather a bit hard to take and should not be left outdoors when the weather is cold. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
7 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes

Taiwan Dog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1.8 cups
Daily Cost
$1.2 - $1.4
Monthly Cost
$34 - $45

Taiwan Dog Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 17 lbs
Height: 14 inches Weight: 14 lbs
12 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 25 lbs
Height: 16 inches Weight: 21 lbs
18 Months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 35 lbs
Height: 18 inches Weight: 30 lbs

Taiwan Dog Owner Experiences

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